The Epic Of Gilgamesh

The Epic of Gilgamesh PDF
Author: Andrew George
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 0140449191
Size: 57.29 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Fiction
Languages : un
Pages : 228
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Translated with an Introduction by Andrew George.

The Epic Of Gilgamesh

The Epic of Gilgamesh PDF
Author:
Publisher: Allan Lane
ISBN:
Size: 39.51 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Epic poetry, Assyro-Babylonian
Languages : un
Pages : 225
View: 5802

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The epic was originally the work of an anonymous Babylonian poet who lived more than 3,700 years ago. This is the tale of one man's struggle against death. The hero seeks immortality and journeys to the ends of the earth and beyond.

The Epic Of Gilgamesh

The Epic of Gilgamesh PDF
Author:
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141907185
Size: 17.10 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Poetry
Languages : un
Pages : 128
View: 1810

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Gilgamesh, King of Uruk, and his companion Enkidu are the only heroes to have survived from the ancient literature of Babylon, immortalized in this epic poem that dates back to the 3rd millennium BC. Together they journey to the Spring of Youth, defeat the Bull of Heaven and slay the monster Humbaba. When Enkidu dies, Gilgamesh's grief and fear of death are such that they lead him to undertake a quest for eternal life. A timeless tale of morality, tragedy and pure adventure, The Epic of Gilgamesh is a landmark literary exploration of man's search for immortality.

The Epic Of Gilgamesh

The Epic of Gilgamesh PDF
Author: Maureen Gallery Kovacs
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804717113
Size: 46.19 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : un
Pages : 122
View: 526

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Since the discovery over one hundred years ago of a body of Mesopotamian poetry preserved on clay tablets, what has come to be known as the Epic of Gilgamesh has been considered a masterpiece of ancient literature. It recounts the deeds of a hero-king of ancient Mesopotamia, following him through adventures and encounters with men and gods alike. Yet the central concerns of the Epic lie deeper than the lively and exotic story line: they revolve around a man’s eternal struggle with the limitations of human nature, and encompass the basic human feelings of lonliness, friendship, love, loss, revenge, and the fear of oblivion of death. These themes are developed in a distinctly Mesopotamian idiom, to be sure, but with a sensitivity and intensity that touch the modern reader across the chasm of three thousand years. This translation presents the Epic to the general reader in a clear narrative.

Das Gilgamesch Epos

Das Gilgamesch Epos PDF
Author: Stefan M. Maul
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406642322
Size: 47.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Fiction
Languages : de
Pages : 192
View: 7719

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Der Heidelberger Assyriologe Stefan M. Maul legt hier eine neue Übersetzung des Gilgamesch-Epos vor. Spektakuläre Textfunde, die in diesem Buch erstmals bekannt gemacht werden, und behutsam vorgenommene Ergänzungen lassen das älteste Werk der Weltliteratur in nie zuvor gesehener Vollständigkeit wiedererstehen. Die elegante und dennoch wortgetreue Übersetzung bewahrt die Sprachgewalt des babylonischen Originaltextes. Der leicht rhythmische Klang der Übertragung lädt zum Deklamieren ein und nähert sich den rhythmischen Versen der Vorlage an. In der allgemeinverständlichen Einführung und den ausführlichen Kommentaren nimmt Stefan M. Maul den Leser mit in die Welt des Alten Orients und erläutert ihm die politischen, gesellschaftlichen und religiösen Vorstellungen der Kultur, die das Gilgamesch-Epos hervorgebracht hat. Das Epos erzählt den Mythos des Königs Gilgamesch von Uruk, der seine Kräfte mit der ganzen Welt messen will, nach der Unsterblichkeit strebt und schließlich auf die Erkenntnis zurückgeworfen wird, daß auch für ihn das Leben endlich ist. Bis Gilgamesch bereit ist, diese Lehre anzunehmen, und dadurch die Fähigkeit erwirbt, ein guter Herrscher zu sein, muß er zahllose Abenteuer bestehen. Das Gilgamesch-Epos ist so einem modernen Entwicklungsroman vergleichbar, der von den Grundfragen des menschlichen Daseins handelt.

Das Gilgamesch Epos

Das Gilgamesch Epos PDF
Author: Stefan M. Maul
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406528705
Size: 61.85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Assyro-Babylonian poetry
Languages : de
Pages : 191
View: 6140

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Das Gilgamesch Epos

Das Gilgamesch Epos PDF
Author: Stefan Maul
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 53.15 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 5723

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The Epic Of Gilgamesh

The Epic of Gilgamesh PDF
Author: Danny P. Jackson
Publisher: Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers
ISBN: 9780865163522
Size: 67.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Poetry
Languages : un
Pages : 100
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-- 15 original woodcut illustrations -- 18 photographs of ancient artifacts This edition aims to reanimate the story of Gilgamesh and Enkidu for modern readers. The poetic rendition brings words to life through indelible images. A learned and lucid historical and cultural introduction fills in background for the narrative. An interpretative essay reviews the themes of Gilgamesh and their echoes in other literature. The total is a new edition that delights, informs, and stimulates readers to a new appreciation of this age-old tale.

The Epic Of Gilgamesh

The Epic of Gilgamesh PDF
Author: Morris Jastrow
Publisher: Book Tree
ISBN: 9781585092147
Size: 73.39 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : un
Pages : 112
View: 382

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This epic poem is the oldest known to exist in history, predating Homer's Iliad by about 1500 years. Gilgamesh, the hero, discovers he has godly blood, so sets out on a journey to the land of the gods in an attempt to gain entry. It is of ancient Sumerian origin, from the land called Mesopotamia. It is an important work for those studying ancient literature, history and mythology. This Babylonian version is one of the oldest known, if not the oldest. Later renditions are more common and seem to embellish the story, so this work is important for serious researchers. From the standpoint of literature alone, it is also an interesting tale that is enjoyable to read.

The Epic Of Gilgamesh

The Epic of Gilgamesh PDF
Author: N. Sandars
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 014044100X
Size: 40.80 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Fiction
Languages : un
Pages : 127
View: 2541

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The poems about the great King of Uruk are prefaced by notes on their historical and literary background

The Epic Of Gilgamesh

The Epic of Gilgamesh PDF
Author: Eren Sarı
Publisher: noktaekitap
ISBN:
Size: 48.15 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Religion
Languages : un
Pages : 91
View: 3948

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Gilgamesh is the semi-mythic King of Uruk best known from The Epic of Gilgamesh (written c. 2150-1400 BCE) the great Sumerian/Babylonian poetic work which pre-dates Homer’s writing by 1500 years and, therefore, stands as the oldest piece of epic western literature. Gilgamesh’s father was the Priest-King Lugalbanda (who is featured in two poems concerning his magical abilities which pre-date Gilgamesh) and his mother the goddess Ninsun (the Holy Mother and Great Queen) and, accordingly, Gilgamesh was a demi-god who was said to have lived an exceptionally long life (The Sumerian King List records his reign as 126 years) and to be possessed of super-human strength. Known as 'Bilgames’ in the Sumerian, 'Gilgamos’ in Greek, and associated closely with the figure of Dumuzi from the Sumerian poem The Descent of Inanna, Gilgamesh is widely accepted as the historical 5th king of Uruk whose influence was so profound that myths of his divine status grew up around his deeds and finally culminated in the tales found in The Epic of Gilgamesh. In the Sumerian tale of Inanna and the Huluppu Tree, in which the goddess Inanna plants a troublesome tree in her garden and appeals to her family for help with it, Gilgamesh appears as her loyal brother who comes to her aid. In this story, Inanna (the goddess of love and war and one of the most powerful and popular of Mesopotamian deities) plants a tree in her garden with the hope of one day making a chair and bed from it. The tree becomes infested, however, by a snake at its roots, a female demon (lilitu) in its center, and an Anzu bird in its branches. No matter what, Inanna cannot rid herself of the pests and so appeals to her brother, Utu, god of the sun, for help. Utu refuses but her plea is heard by Gilgamesh who comes, heavily armed, and kills the snake. The demon and Anzu bird then flee and Gilgamesh, after taking the branches for himself, presents the trunk to Inanna to build her bed and chair from. This is thought to be the first appearance of Gilgamesh in heroic poetry and the fact that he rescues a powerful and potent goddess from a difficult situation shows the high regard in which he was held even early on.The historical king was eventually accorded completely divine status as a god. He was seen as the brother of Inanna, one of the most popular goddesses, if not the most popular, in all of Mesopotamia. Prayers found inscribed on clay tablets address Gilgamesh in the afterlife as a judge in the Underworld comparable in wisdom to the famous Greek judges of the Underworld, Rhadamanthus, Minos, and Aeacus. GILGAMESH IS WIDELY ACCEPTED AS THE HISTORICAL 5TH KING OF URUK WHOSE INFLUENCE WAS SO PROFOUND THAT MYTHS DEVELOPED OF HIS DIVINE STATUS. In The Epic of Gilgamesh, the great king is thought to be too proud and arrogant by the gods and so they decide to teach him a lesson by sending the wild man, Enkidu, to humble him. Enkidu and Gilgamesh, after a fierce battle in which neither are bested, become friends and embark on adventures together. When Enkidu is struck with death, Gilgamesh falls into a deep grief and, recognizing his own mortality through the death of his friend, questions the meaning of life and the value of human accomplishment in the face of ultimate extinction. Casting away all of his old vanity and pride, Gilgamesh sets out on a quest to find the meaning of life and, finally, some way of defeating death. In doing so, he becomes the first epic hero in world literature. The grief of Gilgamesh, and the questions his friend's death evoke, resonate with every human being who has wrestled with the meaning of life in the face of death. Although Gilgamesh ultimately fails to win immortality in the story, his deeds live on through the written word and, so, does he. Part of Tablet V, the Epic of Gilgamesh Since The Epic of Gilgamesh existed in oral form long before it was written down, there has been much debate over whether the extant tale is more early Sumerian or later Babylonian in cultural influence. The best preserved version of the story comes from the Babylonian writer Shin-Leqi-Unninni (wrote 1300-1000 BCE) who translated, edited, and may have embellised upon, the original story. Regarding this, the Sumerian scholar Samuel Noah Kramer writes: Of the various episodes comprising The Epic of Gilgamesh, several go back to Sumerian prototypes actually involving the hero Gilgamesh. Even in those episodes which lack Sumerian counterparts, most of the individual motifs reflect Sumerian mythic and epic sources. In no case, however, did the Babylonian poets slavishly copy the Sumerian material. They so modified its content and molded its form, in accordance with their own temper and heritage, that only the bare nucleus of the Sumerian original remains recognizable. As for the plot structure of the epic as a whole - the forceful and fateful episodic drama of the restless, adventurous hero and his inevitable disillusionment - it is definitely a Babylonian, rather than a Sumerian, development and achievement. (History Begins at Sumer, 270). Historical evidence for Gilgamesh’s existence is found in inscriptions crediting him with the building of the great walls of Uruk (modern day Warka, Iraq) which, in the story, are the tablets upon which he first records his great deeds and his quest for the meaning of life. There are other references to him by known historical figures of his time (26th century BCE) such as King Enmebaragesi of Kish and, of course, the Sumerian King List and the legends which grew up around his reign. In the present day, Gilgamesh is still spoken of and written about. A German team of Archaeologists claim to have discovered the Tomb of Gilgamesh in April of 2003 CE. Archaeological excavations, conducted through modern technology involving magnetization in and around the old riverbed of the Euphrates, have revealed garden enclosures, specific bulidings, and structures described in The Epic of Gilgamesh including the great king’s tomb. According to legend, Gilgmesh was buried at the bottom of the Euphrates when the waters parted upon his death.

The Epic Of Gilgamesh

The Epic of Gilgamesh PDF
Author: John Harris
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 0595178634
Size: 60.24 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Fiction
Languages : un
Pages : 105
View: 1214

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The Epic of Gilgamesh is the oldest written chronicle in the world, composed two to three thousand years before Christ. It tells events in the life of a king in an ancient Sumerian city of Mesopotamia.In the tradition of the Greek Iliad or the medieval Beowulf, the heroic central figure is admired for his prowess and power; he is a warrior, whose greatest adventures are here recounted, sometimes fantastic and ultimately magical, as he ventures beyond the bounds of the world. The Epic of Gilgamesh is an artifact of the first civilization, that which is the father and mother of our own civilization. It is like the great-great-great-grandparent whose name you do not know but without whom you would not exist. There are many matters that are not believable to us—monsters, deities, and places that we do not think exist, nor ever existed. Yet we can perceive in Gilgamesh a person like ourselves. This is the story of a man, not a god. We understand him, even if we do not understand or believe all that he does. Gilgamesh is the first literature of mankind to express the human condition.

Epic Of Gilgamesh

Epic of Gilgamesh PDF
Author: Morris Jastrow
Publisher: CreateSpace
ISBN: 9781516986453
Size: 17.39 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : un
Pages : 188
View: 2931

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The Epic of Gilgamesh is an epic poem from ancient Mesopotamia. Dating from the Third Dynasty of Ur (circa 2100 BC), it is often regarded as the first great work of literature. The literary history of Gilgamesh begins with five Sumerian poems about 'Bilgamesh' (Sumerian for 'Gilgamesh'), king of Uruk. These independent stories were later used as source material for a combined epic. The story introduces Gilgamesh, king of Uruk. Gilgamesh, two-thirds god and one-third man, is oppressing his people, who cry out to the gods for help. For the young women of Uruk this oppression takes the form of a droit du seigneur - or "lord's right" to sleep with brides on their wedding night. For the young men (the tablet is damaged at this point) it is conjectured that Gilgamesh exhausts them through games, tests of strength, or perhaps forced labour on building projects...

The Epic Of Gilgamesh Selected Readings From Its Original Early Arabic Language

The Epic of Gilgamesh  Selected Readings from its Original Early Arabic Language PDF
Author: Saad D. Abulhab
Publisher: Blautopf Publishing
ISBN: 0998172723
Size: 76.61 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Literary Collections
Languages : un
Pages : 387
View: 4539

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The pioneering work presented in this book introduces the earliest known literary and mythology work in the world, the Epic of Gilgamesh, in its actual language: early Classical Arabic. It provides a more accurate translation and understanding of the important story of the flood, one of the key stories of the monotheistic religions. In this book, the author, a known Arabic type designer and an independent scholar of Nabataean, Musnad, and early Arabic scripts, was able to decipher the actual meanings and pronunciations of several important names of ancient Mesopotamian gods, persons, cities, mountains, and other entities. He was able to uncover the evolution path of the concept of god and the background themes behind the rise of the monotheistic religions. Utilizing a generous text sample from the Akkadian and Sumerian languages, this book is an excellent reference textbook for scholars and students of Arabic and Assyriology who are interested in translating these ancient languages through both, the historical Arabic etymological references and the deciphering tools of Assyriology. To illustrate his breakthrough Arabic-based deciphering methodology, the author used a sample text consisting of more than 900 lines from three tablets of the Standard and Old Babylonian editions of the Epic of Gilgamesh. By “digging out” the actual language of the epic, he was not only able to resurrect the actual word soundings and linguistic literary style of its original text, but also to provide more accurate and coherent translations. Following his three years of research, he was able to demonstrate through undisputed linguistic evidence that the epic was in fact written in a beautiful, powerful early Classical Arabic language! And the so-called Sumerian and Akkadian languages that the epic was recorded with, which we are told today are unrelated languages, were in fact one evolving early Arabic language, written with one evolving writing system, passing through two major time periods. Although this book is primarily written as a reference textbook for scholars, it is equally suitable for anyone interested in reading the translation of the Epic of Gilgamesh, a fascinating Mesopotamian Arab mythology work documenting eloquently some of the most important and lasting ancient myths invented by humankind.