Shifting Cultivation And Environmental Change

Shifting Cultivation and Environmental Change PDF
Author: Malcolm F. Cairns
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317750187
Size: 10.85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Nature
Languages : un
Pages : 1032
View: 2573

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Shifting cultivation is one of the oldest forms of subsistence agriculture and is still practised by millions of poor people in the tropics. Typically it involves clearing land (often forest) for the growing of crops for a few years, and then moving on to new sites, leaving the earlier ground fallow to regain its soil fertility. This book brings together the best of science and farmer experimentation, vividly illustrating the enormous diversity of shifting cultivation systems as well as the power of human ingenuity. Some critics have tended to disparage shifting cultivation (sometimes called 'swidden cultivation' or 'slash-and-burn agriculture') as unsustainable due to its supposed role in deforestation and land degradation. However, the book shows that such indigenous practices, as they have evolved over time, can be highly adaptive to land and ecology. In contrast, 'scientific' agricultural solutions imposed from outside can be far more damaging to the environment and local communities. The book focuses on successful agricultural strategies of upland farmers, particularly in south and south-east Asia, and presents over 50 contributions by scholars from around the world and from various disciplines, including agricultural economics, ecology and anthropology. It is a sequel to the much praised "Voices from the Forest: Integrating Indigenous Knowledge into Sustainable Upland Farming" (RFF Press, 2007), but all chapters are completely new and there is a greater emphasis on the contemporary challenges of climate change and biodiversity conservation.

Shifting Cultivation And Environmental Change

Shifting Cultivation and Environmental Change PDF
Author: Malcolm F. Cairns
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317750195
Size: 56.41 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 1032
View: 7049

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Shifting cultivation is one of the oldest forms of subsistence agriculture and is still practised by millions of poor people in the tropics. Typically it involves clearing land (often forest) for the growing of crops for a few years, and then moving on to new sites, leaving the earlier ground fallow to regain its soil fertility. This book brings together the best of science and farmer experimentation, vividly illustrating the enormous diversity of shifting cultivation systems as well as the power of human ingenuity. Some critics have tended to disparage shifting cultivation (sometimes called 'swidden cultivation' or 'slash-and-burn agriculture') as unsustainable due to its supposed role in deforestation and land degradation. However, the book shows that such indigenous practices, as they have evolved over time, can be highly adaptive to land and ecology. In contrast, 'scientific' agricultural solutions imposed from outside can be far more damaging to the environment and local communities. The book focuses on successful agricultural strategies of upland farmers, particularly in south and south-east Asia, and presents over 50 contributions by scholars from around the world and from various disciplines, including agricultural economics, ecology and anthropology. It is a sequel to the much praised "Voices from the Forest: Integrating Indigenous Knowledge into Sustainable Upland Farming" (RFF Press, 2007), but all chapters are completely new and there is a greater emphasis on the contemporary challenges of climate change and biodiversity conservation.

Agriculture And Environmental Change

Agriculture and Environmental Change PDF
Author: A. M. Mannion
Publisher: John Wiley & Son Limited
ISBN:
Size: 52.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : un
Pages : 405
View: 1514

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This textbook defines the complex nature of agriculture in the context of environmental constraints and social stimuli. Attention is paid to plant and animal domestication, and to the subsequent spread of agricultural systems worldwide

Encyclopedia Of Global Environmental Change Causes And Consequences Of Global Environmental Change

Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change  Causes and consequences of global environmental change PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 19.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Global environmental change
Languages : en
Pages : 753
View: 1452

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The Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change is the first major reference work in this multi-disciplinary field, and presents outstanding authorship and high quality editing. Comprehensive coverage with over 3,800 pages in 5 volumes. Over 500 articles, 100 biographies, 150 definitions, and 100 acronyms. Extensive bibliographies with up-to-date references. The Wiley Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change has been published to meet the need for a comprehensive integrated reference in this burgeoning field. Each volume contains articles of between 1,000 and 10,000 words on major topics. Articles contain an abstract written for the non-specialist, followed by the main text, which provides greater detail for the specialist Biographies of distinguished environmental scientists discuss their contributions to a better understanding of global environmental change. Definitions of international terms and descriptions of acronyms of international and regional programs and agencies provide a quick reference source for the environmental scientist and student. Presents a thematic approach and includes theory, empirical studies, and applications emphasising the inter-relationship between various disciplines and systems--From the publisher's description.

Unsere Gemeinsame Zukunft

Unsere gemeinsame Zukunft  PDF
Author: Volker Hauff
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783923166169
Size: 65.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : de
Pages : 421
View: 5467

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Fao Soils Bulletin

FAO Soils Bulletin PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 70.48 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Soil surveys
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 1846

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Shifting Cultivation And Secondary Succession In The Tropics

Shifting Cultivation and Secondary Succession in the Tropics PDF
Author: Albert O. Aweto
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1780640439
Size: 64.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : un
Pages : 196
View: 7164

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Shifting cultivation is the predominant system of arable farming in the humid and sub-humid tropics, where several hundred million people depend on this system of agriculture for their livelihood. This book documents and systematizes findings in shifting cultivation from over the last six decades, including characterizing secondary succession and relating the changes that fallow vegetation undergoes to the process of soil fertility restoration. This book is essential reading for researchers and students of tropical agriculture and related areas.