Government Without Administration

Government Without Administration PDF
Author: Associate Professor of History Jane Caplan
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN:
Size: 54.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 382
View: 779

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Analyzes the effects of Nazi ideology and practice on the civil service in Germany. Discusses the extent of support for Nazism before 1933, emphasizing the role of economic policies, pay cuts, and dismissals on increasing hostility toward the Weimar Republic. Although many civil servants feared the Nazi Party's radical image, the Nazis tried to exploit the resentment of lower grade officials, blaming republican mismanagement and infiltration by "Jewish elements." Ch. 5 (pp. 131-188) surveys the civil service's reactions to the Nazi takeover in 1933, focusing on the Interior Ministry. States that the Ministry welcomed the Civil Service Laws of 1933 since they gave the bureaucracy control over the purge of Jews and politically unreliable elements which was being carried out indiscriminately by the party.

Official Opinions

Official Opinions PDF
Author: United States. Solicitor for the Post Office Dept
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 54.42 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Postal service
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 4123

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The Right To Do Wrong

The Right to Do Wrong PDF
Author: Mark Osiel
Publisher:
ISBN: 0674368258
Size: 27.25 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Law and ethics
Languages : en
Pages : 512
View: 471

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The law sometimes permits what ordinary morality, or widely-shared notions of right and wrong, reproaches. Rights to Do Grave Wrong explores the relationship between law and common morality to clarify law's reliance on society's broad presumption that people will exercise their rights responsibly. More concretely, he argues that certain legal rights rest on tacit sociological assumptions as to who will exercise them, under what circumstances, and how frequently. Further, he argues that we depend on stigma and shame to reduce and circumscribe the law's use. Some examples: though reneging on a debt is considered wrong, the law allows you to declare personal bankruptcy; international law allows museums to retain some masterworks looted from their rightful owners; in many countries abortion is permitted as a means of birth control. Using these examples and more, Osiel presents a "social scientific" analysis of law's interaction with social mores and the extent to which they limit our exercising rights to do wrong. The paradox he intends to elucidate is when and why it is appropriate for societies to champion de jure entitlements even as they successfully limit their de facto usage.--

Adenauer S Foreign Office

Adenauer s Foreign Office PDF
Author: Thomas Maulucci
Publisher: Northern Illinois University Press
ISBN: 1501756699
Size: 39.22 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 304
View: 3382

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In examining the establishment of Germany's Foreign Office and appointed Foreign Minister Konrad Adenauer in 1951, this book provides some insight into post-war diplomacy and the issues involved in creating a new government after losing a major war.

Hitler S True Believers

Hitler s True Believers PDF
Author: Robert Gellately
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190689900
Size: 36.50 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 464
View: 7486

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"What paths did true believers take to Nazism? Why did they join what was initially a small, extremist, and often violent movement on the fringes of German politics? When the party began its election campaigning after 1925, why did people vote for it only grudgingly, though in the Great Depression years, make it the largest in the country? Even then, many millions withheld their support, as they would, if covertly, in the Third Reich. Were the recruits simply converted by hearing a spell-binding Hitler speech? Or did they find their own way to National Socialism? How was this all-embracing theory applied in the Third Reich after 1933 and into the catastrophic war years? To what extent did people internalize or consume the doctrine of National Socialism, or reject it? In the first half of the book I examine how ordinary people became Nazis, or at least supported the party and voted for it in elections down to 1933. We need to remember, that Hitler squeaked into power with the help of those in positions of power who wanted to get rid of democracy, "forever." Into the Third Reich I trace how the regime applied its teachings to major domestic and foreign political events, racial persecution, and cultural developments, including in art and architecture, and how people reacted or behaved in that context. This story begins with a focus on Hitler. Like millions of others after Germany's lost war, he was psychologically adrift, searching for answers, and some kind of political salvation. How did he find the tiny fringe group, the German Workers' Party (DAP), that he and a few others transformed in 1920 into the imposing-sounding National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP), or Nazi Party? Insofar as Hitler had fixed ideas at the end of the Great War in 1918, high on the list was nationalism, in spite of the aspersions cast against it by mutinous sailors and rebellious soldiers tired of the fighting. Some aspects of what became his doctrine or ideology, stemmed from the cluster of ideas, resentments, and passions widely shared in Germany at that time. His views and those of his comrades also reflected the fact that Germany was already a nation with a great deal of egalitarianism baked into its political culture. Almost without exception, the Nazis emphasized all kinds of socialist attitudes, to be sure a socialism "cleansed" of international Marxism and communism. Indeed, when he looked back from 1941, Hitler said of the NSDAP in the 1920s, that "ninety percent of it was made up by left-wing people." He also thought it was "decisive" that he had recognized early in his career that solving the social question was essential, and he insisted that he hated the closed world in which he grew up, where social origins determined a person's chances in life"--

The Economist

The Economist PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 22.22 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Commerce
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 6864

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                                                                                      PDF
Author: al-Sayyid ʻUlaywah
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 38.54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Central planning
Languages : ar
Pages : 315
View: 5138

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Rethinking The Weimar Republic

Rethinking the Weimar Republic PDF
Author: Anthony McElligott
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1849660271
Size: 75.25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 728

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“McElligott's impressive mastery of an enormous body of research guides him on a distinctive path through the dense thickets of Weimar historiography to a provocative new interpretation of the nature of authority in Germany's first democracy.” Sir Ian Kershaw, Emeritus Professor of Modern History at the University of Sheffield, UK This study challenges conventional approaches to the history of the Weimar Republic by stretching its chronological-political parameters from 1916 to 1936, arguing that neither 1918 nor 1933 constituted distinctive breaks in early 20th-century German history. This book: - Covers all of the key debates such as inheritance of the past, the nature of authority and culture - Rethinks topics of traditional concern such as the economy, Article 48, the Nazi vote and political violence - Discusses hitherto neglected areas, such as provincial life and politics, the role of law and Republican cultural politics

Public Admn Terms

Public Admn Terms PDF
Author: Tmh
Publisher: Tata McGraw-Hill Education
ISBN: 9780070670587
Size: 29.52 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Optics
Languages : en
Pages : 255
View: 1630

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New Internationalist

New Internationalist PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 12.11 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Developing countries
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 7153

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Hitler S Empire

Hitler s Empire PDF
Author: Mark Mazower
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141917504
Size: 39.25 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 768
View: 2749

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The powerful, disturbing history of Nazi Europe by Mark Mazower, one of Britain's leading historians and bestselling author of Dark Continent and Governing the World Hitler's Empire charts the landscape of the Nazi imperial imagination - from those economists who dreamed of turning Europe into a huge market for German business, to Hitler's own plans for new transcontinental motorways passing over the ethnically cleansed Russian steppe, and earnest internal SS discussions of political theory, dictatorship and the rule of law. Above all, this chilling account shows what happened as these ideas met reality. After their early battlefield triumphs, the bankruptcy of the Nazis' political vision for Europe became all too clear: their allies bailed out, their New Order collapsed in military failure, and they left behind a continent corrupted by collaboration, impoverished by looting and exploitation, and grieving the victims of war and genocide. About the author: Mark Mazower is Ira D.Wallach Professor of World Order Studies and Professor of History Professor of History at Columbia University. He is the author of Hitler's Greece: The Experience of Occupation, 1941-44, Dark Continent: Europe's Twentieth Century, The Balkans: A Short History (which won the Wolfson Prize for History), Salonica: City of Ghosts (which won both the Duff Cooper Prize and the Runciman Award) and Governing the World: The History of an Idea. He has also taught at Birkbeck College, University of London, Sussex University and Princeton. He lives in New York.