Tools Of War

Tools of War PDF
Author: Syed Ramsey
Publisher: Vij Books India Pvt Ltd
ISBN: 9386019825
Size: 52.25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 306
View: 1637

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Warfare of the early modern period is associated with the start of the widespread use of gunpowder and the development of suitable weapons to use the explosive, including artillery and handguns; for this reason the era is also referred to as the age of gunpowder warfare (a concept introduced by Michael Roberts in the 1950s). Shock weapons that extend or enhance the deadly force of the humans at close contact. These would include: clubs, axes, tomahawks, knives, swords, sabres, spears, halberds, and pikes. The most important surviving shock weapon today is the bayonet, although some might say it is a shovel doing double duty. Missile weapons that are hurled or projected over various distances to inflict destruction upon the enemy: slingshots, boomerangs, javelins, bows and arrows, crossbows, ballistas, catapults, and Greek fire. This book has been written keeping in view the requirements of undergraduate and postgraduate students and research scholars in the area of weapons and warfare and Military history.

The Medieval And Early Modern World

The Medieval and Early Modern World PDF
Author: Bonnie G. Smith
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Size: 23.66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 174
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Consists of primary source material and an index to the other six titles in the series.

Sexuality In The Middle Ages And Early Modern Times

Sexuality in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Times PDF
Author: Albrecht Classen
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110209403
Size: 64.39 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 911
View: 2234

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Sexuality is one of the most influential factors in human life. The responses to and reflections upon the manifestations of sexuality provide fascinating insights into fundamental aspects of medieval and early-modern culture. This interdisciplinary volume with articles written by social historians, literary historians, musicologists, art historians, and historians of religion and mental-ity demonstrates how fruitful collaborative efforts can be in the exploration of essential features of human society. Practically every aspect of culture both in the Middle Ages and the early modern age was influenced and determined by sexuality, which hardly ever surfaces simply characterized by prurient interests. The treatment of sexuality in literature, chronicles, music, art, legal documents, and in scientific texts illuminates central concerns, anxieties, tensions, needs, fears, and problems in human society throughout times.

The Changing Face Of Early Modern Time 1550 1770

The Changing Face of Early Modern Time  1550   1770 PDF
Author: Jane Desborough
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030153533
Size: 49.71 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 292
View: 1192

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This book provides a reinterpretation of early modern clock and watch dials on the basis of use. Between 1550 and the emergence of a standard format in 1770, dials represented combinations of calendrical, lunar and astronomical information using multiple concentric rings, subsidiary dials and apertures. Change was gradual, but significant. Over the course of eight chapters and with reference to thirty-five exceptional images, this book unlocks the meaning embedded within these early combinations. The true significance of dial change can only be fully understood by comparing dials with printed paper sources such as almanacs, diagrams and craft pamphlets. Clock and watch makers drew on traditional communication methods, utilised different formats to generate trust in their work, and tried to be help users in different contexts. The calendar, lunar and astronomical functions were useful as a memory prompt for astrology up until the mid-late seventeenth century. After the decline of this practice, the three functions continued to be useful for other purposes, but eventually declined.

Origen S Philosophy Of Freedom In Early Modern Times

Origen s Philosophy of Freedom in Early Modern Times PDF
Author: Aschendorff Verlag
ISBN: 9783402137291
Size: 30.80 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Christianity
Languages : en
Pages : 304
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The articles of this volume shed new light on the reception of Origen's concepts of free will and universal salvation in 17th-century England and Europe. The Cambridge Platonists took up the Alexandrian's libertarian concept of freedom and discussed his core ideas within the new philosophical developments of their own time. In continental Europe, the Dutch Arminians, Jean Le Clerc and the Pietist couple Johanna Eleonora and Johann Wilhelm Petersen dealt with questions related to Origenism.

The History Of The European Family Family Life In Early Modern Times 1500 1789

The History of the European Family  Family life in early modern times  1500 1789  PDF
Author: David I. Kertzer
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300089714
Size: 12.63 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 365
View: 5172

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This opening volume of a three-part history of the family in Europe examines the material conditions of family life, housing, diet and domestic organisation, and the economic and social factors that influenced its development.

Mcdougal Littell World History

McDougal Littell World History PDF
Author: Douglas Carnine
ISBN: 9780547020303
Size: 29.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Civilization, Western
Languages : en
Pages : 560
View: 7736

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Medieval And Early Modern Times

Medieval And Early Modern Times PDF
Author: Jack Spielvogel
Publisher: McGraw-Hill/Glencoe
ISBN: 9780078702662
Size: 68.86 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages :
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An Environmental History Of The Early Modern Period

An Environmental History of the Early Modern Period PDF
Author: Martin Knoll
Publisher: LIT Verlag M√ľnster
ISBN: 3643904630
Size: 47.80 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 98
View: 6865

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The environmental history of early modern times is a seminal and lively field of historical research. This volume offers ten concise essays that provide an overview of current research debates on a broad span of topics, such as historical climatology and climate reconstruction, coping with disaster, land use and agricultural knowledge, forest history, urbanization, the perceptions of (alpine) nature, and societal dealings with water and rivers. Taken together, the contributions establish early modern studies as a promising laboratory for new avenues in environmental history. (Series: Austria: Research and Science - History / Austria: Forschung und Wissenschaft - Geschichte - Vol. 10) [Subject: History, Environmental Studies]


Smells PDF
Author: Robert Muchembled
Publisher: Polity
ISBN: 9781509536788
Size: 63.86 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 260
View: 2644

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Why is our sense of smell so under-appreciated? We tend to think of smell as a vestigial remnant of our pre-human past, doomed to gradual extinction, and we go to great lengths to eliminate smells from our environment, suppressing body odour, bad breath and other smells. Living in a relatively odour-free environment has numbed us to the importance that smells have always had in human history and culture. In this major new book Robert Muchembled restores smell to its rightful place as one of our most important senses and examines the transformation of smells in the West from the Renaissance to the beginning of the 19th century. He shows that in earlier centuries, the air in towns and cities was often saturated with nauseating emissions and dangerous pollution. Having little choice but to see and smell faeces and urine on a daily basis, people showed little revulsion; until the 1620s, literature and poetry delighted in excreta which now disgust us. The smell of excrement and body odours were formative aspects of eroticism and sexuality, for the social elite and the popular classes alike. At the same time, medicine explained outbreaks of plague by Satan's poisonous breath corrupting the air. Amber, musk and civet came to be seen as vital bulwarks against the devil's breath: scents were worn like armour against the plague. The disappearance of the plague after 1720 and the sharp decline in fear of the devil meant there was no longer any point in using perfumes to fight the forces of evil, paving the way for the olfactory revolution of the 18th century when softer, sweeter perfumes, often with floral and fruity scents, came into fashion, reflecting new norms of femininity and a gentler vision of nature. This rich cultural history of an under-appreciated sense will be appeal to a wide readership.