Principles Of Biomedical Ethics

Principles of Biomedical Ethics PDF
Author: Tom L. Beauchamp
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195143310
Size: 71.69 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 454
View: 2205

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For many years this has been a leading textbook of bioethics. It established the framework of principles within the field. This is a very thorough revision with a new chapter on methods and moral justification.

Biomedical Ethics For Engineers

Biomedical Ethics for Engineers PDF
Author: Daniel Vallero
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080476100
Size: 42.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 408
View: 1897

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Biomedical Ethics for Engineers provides biomedical engineers with a new set of tools and an understanding that the application of ethical measures will seldom reach consensus even among fellow engineers and scientists. The solutions are never completely technical, so the engineer must continue to improve the means of incorporating a wide array of societal perspectives, without sacrificing sound science and good design principles. Dan Vallero understands that engineering is a profession that profoundly affects the quality of life from the subcellular and nano to the planetary scale. Protecting and enhancing life is the essence of ethics; thus every engineer and design professional needs a foundation in bioethics. In high-profile emerging fields such as nanotechnology, biotechnology and green engineering, public concerns and attitudes become especially crucial factors given the inherent uncertainties and high stakes involved. Ethics thus means more than a commitment to abide by professional norms of conduct. This book discusses the full suite of emerging biomedical and environmental issues that must be addressed by engineers and scientists within a global and societal context. In addition it gives technical professionals tools to recognize and address bioethical questions and illustrates that an understanding of the application of these measures will seldom reach consensus even among fellow engineers and scientists. · Working tool for biomedical engineers in the new age of technology · Numerous case studies to illustrate the direct application of ethical techniques and standards · Ancillary materials available online for easy integration into any academic program

Biomedical Ethics

Biomedical Ethics PDF
Author: Walter Glannon
Publisher: New York : Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195144314
Size: 75.62 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 176
View: 6398

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Biomedical Ethics is a brief philosophical introduction to the most important ethical questions and arguments in six areas of biomedicine: the patient-doctor relationship; medical research on humans; reproductive rights and technologies; genetics; medical decisions at the end of life; and the allocation of scarce medical resources. Topics cover both perennial ethical issues in medicine, such as doctors' duties to patients, and recent and emerging ethical issues in scientific innovation, such as gene therapy and cloningIdeal for courses in contemporary moral problems, introduction to ethics, and introduction to bioethicsContents:Chapter1: History and TheoriesIntroductionThe Need for TheoriesConsequentialism and DeontologyVirtue Ethics and Feminist EthicsCommunitarianism and LiberalismThe Rejection of Theories: Casuistry and Cultural RelativismConclusionFurther ReadingChapter 2: The Patient-Doctor RelationshipIntroductionInformed ConsentTherapeutic PrivilegeConfidentialityCross-Cultural RelationsWhat Sort of Doctors Do We Need?ConclusionChapter 3: Medical Research on HumansIntroductionDesign of Clinical TrialsEquipoise, Randomisation, and PlacebosProblems with ConsentVulnerable PopulationsProtections and JusticeConclusionFurther ReadingChapter 4: Reproductive Rights and TechnologiesIntroductionAbortionThe Moral Status of EmbryosSurrogate PregnancySex CloningConclusionFurther ReadingChapter 5: GeneticsIntroductionGenetic Testing and ScreeningPreimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PIGD)Gene TherapyGenetic EnhancementEugenicsConclusionFurther ReadingChapter 6: Medical Decisions at the End of LifeIntroductionDefining DeathWithholding and Withdrawing TreatmentDouble EffectEuthanasia and Physician-Assisted SuicideFutilityConclusionFurther ReadingChapter 7: Allocating Scarce Medical ResourcesIntroductionSetting PrioritiesQALYsAge-Based RationingOrgan TransplantationTwo-Tiered Health CareConclusionFurther Reading

Islamic Biomedical Ethics

Islamic Biomedical Ethics PDF
Author: Abdulaziz Sachedina
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199702845
Size: 13.81 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 296
View: 1339

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In this pioneering work, Abdulaziz Sachedina - a scholar with life-long academic training in Islamic law - relates classic Muslim religious values to the new ethical challenges that arise from medical research and practice.

Biomedical Ethics

Biomedical Ethics PDF
Author: Olinda Timms
Publisher: Elsevier India
ISBN: 8131259668
Size: 37.45 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 264
View: 6645

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Each chapter focuses on a single area in a simple narrative. Illustrative case reports and case studies of ethical dilemmas are provided with points for reflection/discussion. In step with the curriculum in Medical Ethics already established in several medical colleges. The chapters can be used to develop modules in a medical ethics program. Additional resources (titles of relevant films, readings, and references) are provided. The chapters have been linked to the AETCOM modules for easy reference, providing content for teaching modules.

Biomedical Ethics Reviews 1985

Biomedical Ethics Reviews    1985 PDF
Author: James M. Humber
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1592594417
Size: 36.42 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 184
View: 6329

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Biomedical Ethics Reviews: 1985 is the third volume in a series of texts designed to review and update the literature on issues of central impor tance in bioethics today. Four topics are discussed in the present volume: ( 1) Should citizens of the United States be permitted to buy, sell, and broker human organs? (2) Should sex preselection be legally proscribed? (3) What decision-making procedure should medical per sonnel employ in those cases where there is a high degree of uncer tainty? (4) What do we mean when we use the terms "health" and "disease"? Each topic constitutes a separate section in our text; intro ductory essays briefly summarize the contents of each section. Bioethics is, by its nature, interdisciplinary in character. Recognizing this fact, the authors represented in the present volume have made every effort to minimize the use of technical jargon. At the same time, we believe the purpose of providing a review of the recent literature, as well as of advancing bioethical discussion, is admirably served by the pieces collected herein. We look forward to the next volume in our series, and very much hope the reader will also.

African American Perspectives On Biomedical Ethics

African American Perspectives on Biomedical Ethics PDF
Author: Harley Flack
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 9780878405329
Size: 16.76 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 203
View: 4570

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By analyzing the amalgam of Greek philosophy, Jewish and Christian teachings, and secular humanism that composes our dominant ethical system, the authors of this volume explore the question of whether or not Western and non-Western moral values can be commingled without bilateral loss of cultural integrity. They take as their philosophical point of departure the observation that both ethical relativism and ethical absolutism have become morally indefensible in the context of the multicultural American life, and they variously consider the need for an ethical middle ground.

Covenantal Biomedical Ethics For Contemporary Medicine

Covenantal Biomedical Ethics for Contemporary Medicine PDF
Author: James J. Rusthoven
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1630873004
Size: 28.84 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 330
View: 6542

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Principles-based biomedical ethics has been a dominant paradigm for the teaching and practice of biomedical ethics for over three decades. Attractive in its conceptual and linguistic simplicity, it has also been criticized for its lack of moral content and justification and its lack of attention to relationships. This book identifies the modernist and postmodernist worldviews and philosophical roots of principlism that ground the moral minimalism of its common morality premise. Building on previous work by prominent Christian bioethicists, an alternative covenantal ethical framework is presented in our contemporary context. Relationships constitute the core of medicine, and understanding the ethical meaning of those relationships is important in providing competent and empathic care. While the notion of covenant is articulated through the richness of meaning taught in the Christian Scriptures, covenantal commitment is also appreciated in Islamic, Jewish, and even pagan traditions as well. In a world of increasing medical knowledge and consequent complexity of care, such commitment can help to resist enticements toward the pursuit of self-interest. It can also improve relationships among caregivers, each of whose specific expertise must be woven into a matrix of care that constitutes optimal medical practice for each vulnerable and needy patient.

Biomedical Ethics And The Law

Biomedical Ethics and the Law PDF
Author: James M. Humber
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461565618
Size: 44.34 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 658
View: 625

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In the past few years, an increasing number of colleges and universities have added courses in biomedical ethics to their curricula. To some extent, these additions serve to satisfy student demands for "relevance. " But it is also true that such changes reflect a deepening desire on the part of the academic community to deal effectively with a host of problems which must be solved if we are to have a health-care delivery system which is efficient, humane, and just. To a large degree, these problems are the unique result of both rapidly changing moral values and dramatic advances in biomedical technology. The past decade has witnessed sudden and conspicuous controversy over the morality and legality of new practices relating to abortion, therapy for the mentally ill, experimentation using human subjects, forms of genetic interven tion, and euthanasia. Malpractice suits abound, and astronomical fees for malpractice insurance threaten the very possibility of medical and health-care practice. Without the backing of a clear moral consensus, the law is frequently forced into resolving these conflicts only to see the moral issues involved still hotly debated and the validity of the existing law further questioned. Take abortion, for example. Rather than settling the legal issue, the Supreme Court's original abortion decision in Roe v. Wade (1973), seems only to have spurred further legal debate. And of course, whether or not abortion is a mo rally ac ceptable procedure is still the subject of heated dispute.

Biomedical Ethics Reviews 1990

Biomedical Ethics Reviews    1990 PDF
Author: James M. Humber
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780896032033
Size: 15.18 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 257
View: 3459

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Biomedical Ethics Reviews • 1990 is the eighth volume in a series of texts designed to review and update the literature on issues of central importance in bioethics today. Two topics are discussed in the present volume: (1) Should the United States Adopt a National Health Insurance Plan? and (2) Are the NIH Guidelines Adequate for the Care and Protection of Laboratory Animals? Each topic constitutes a separate section in our text; introductory essays briefly summarize the contents of each section. Bioethics is, by its nature, interdisciplinary in character. Recog nizing this fact, the authors represented in the present volume have made every effort to minimize the use of technical jargon. At the same time, we believe the purpose of providing a review of the recent literature, as well as of advancing bioethical discussion, is admirably served by the pieces collected herein. We look forward to the next volume in our series, and very much hope the reader will also.

Biomedical Ethics And Jewish Law

Biomedical Ethics and Jewish Law PDF
Author: Fred Rosner
Publisher: KTAV Publishing House, Inc.
ISBN: 9780881257014
Size: 56.59 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 552
View: 3454

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"In addition, a number of the earlier chapters have been thoroughly revised in light of current developments. The book is an addition to the library of anyone who is concerned about the interaction between modern medicine and Jewish law in the twenty-first century."--BOOK JACKET.

Biomedical Ethics And Fetal Therapy

Biomedical Ethics and Fetal Therapy PDF
Author: Carl Nimrod
Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press
ISBN: 0889206651
Size: 25.63 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 134
View: 7277

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“Over the last two decades, medical researchers have become more comfortable with the idea that serious attention must be given to ethical issues when the tests of new technologies are being designed. They have come to see that experimental trials must meet certain standards, not only of scientific rigour, but also of moral acceptability.” (Introduction) Presented by an international group of experts, the eight essays included in this volume evaluate the new technologies in fetal care and also wrestle with the new problems, often moral ones, that have accompanied techonological advancement. The opening chapters review state-of-the-art ultrasound imaging and molecular genetics and focus on the new patient—the fetus. From here, the efficacy of fetal therapy, the problem of assessing long-term viability, the ethical issues involved in both clinical practice and medical research, and the legal rights of the new patients and their parents are examined. The final chapter “Are Fetuses Becoming Children?” brings a fresh philosophical perspective to the question of a fetus’s status and rights.