Biology Of Humans

Biology of Humans PDF
Author: Judith Goodenough
Publisher: Benjamin Cummings
ISBN: 9780134045443
Size: 75.82 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Human biology
Languages : en
Pages : 624
View: 3603

Get Book

For courses in non-majors biology. Helps students learn the concepts and applications of human biology using relevant topics and realistic scenarios. Known for its unique "Special Topic" chapters and emphasis on everyday health concerns, the Sixth Edition of Biology of Humans: Concepts, Applications, and Issues continues to personalize the study of human biology using a conversational writing style, vibrant, easy-to-follow illustrations, abundant applications, and a new emphasis on using everyday science literacy skills. The authors provide a practical, friendly introduction to the study of the human body, preparing readers to navigate today's rapidly expanding and shifting world of health information. Each chapter now features brand-new "Consider This Case" exercises and "Finding and Evaluating Information" activities that challenge readers to think critically and apply their knowledge to solve real-world cases. Along with scientific updates and content improvements throughout the text, The Sixth Edition also includes a new "Special Topic" chapter on the Obesity Epidemic. Note: You are purchasing a standalone product; MasteringBiology(tm) does not come packaged with this content. Students, if interested in purchasing this title with MasteringBiology, ask your instructor for the correct package ISBN and Course ID. Instructors, contact your Pearson representative for more information. If you would like to purchase both the physical text and MasteringBiology, search for: 0134056671 / 9780134056678 Biology of Humans: Concepts, Applications, and Issues Plus MasteringBiology with eText -- Access Card Package, 6/e Package consists of: 0134045440 / 9780134045443 Biology of Humans: Concepts, Applications, and Issues, 6/e 0134254910 / 9780134254913 MasteringBiology with Pearson eText -- ValuePack Access Card -- for Biology of Humans: Concepts, Applications, and Issues, 6/e

The Biology Of Human Survival

The Biology of Human Survival PDF
Author: Claude A. Piantadosi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199748075
Size: 35.75 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 280
View: 4609

Get Book

The range of environments in which people can survive is extensive, yet most of the natural world cannot support human life. The Biology of Human Survival identifies the key determinants of life or death in extreme environments from a physiologist's perspective, integrating modern concepts of stress, tolerance, and adaptation into explanations of life under Nature's most austere conditions. The book examines how individuals survive when faced with extremes of immersion, heat, cold or altitude, emphasizing the body's recognition of stress and the brain's role in optimizing physiological function in order to provide time to escape or to adapt. In illustrating how human biology adapts to extremes, the book also explains how we learn to cope by blending behavior and biology, first by trial and error, then by rigorous scientific observation, and finally by technological innovation. The book describes life-support technology and how it enables humans to enter once unendurable realm, from the depths of the ocean to the upper reaches of the atmosphere and beyond. Finally, it explores the role that advanced technology might play in special environments of the future, such as long journeys into space.

Behave

Behave PDF
Author: Robert M. Sapolsky
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 0735222789
Size: 69.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 800
View: 3440

Get Book

Why do we do the things we do? Over a decade in the making, this game-changing book is Robert Sapolsky's genre-shattering attempt to answer that question as fully as perhaps only he could, looking at it from every angle. Sapolsky's storytelling concept is delightful but it also has a powerful intrinsic logic: he starts by looking at the factors that bear on a person's reaction in the precise moment a behavior occurs, and then hops back in time from there, in stages, ultimately ending up at the deep history of our species and its genetic inheritance. And so the first category of explanation is the neurobiological one. What goes on in a person's brain a second before the behavior happens? Then he pulls out to a slightly larger field of vision, a little earlier in time: What sight, sound, or smell triggers the nervous system to produce that behavior? And then, what hormones act hours to days earlier to change how responsive that individual is to the stimuli which trigger the nervous system? By now, he has increased our field of vision so that we are thinking about neurobiology and the sensory world of our environment and endocrinology in trying to explain what happened. Sapolsky keeps going--next to what features of the environment affected that person's brain, and then back to the childhood of the individual, and then to their genetic makeup. Finally, he expands the view to encompass factors larger than that one individual. How culture has shaped that individual's group, what ecological factors helped shape that culture, and on and on, back to evolutionary factors thousands and even millions of years old. The result is one of the most dazzling tours de horizon of the science of human behavior ever attempted, a majestic synthesis that harvests cutting-edge research across a range of disciplines to provide a subtle and nuanced perspective on why we ultimately do the things we do...for good and for ill. Sapolsky builds on this understanding to wrestle with some of our deepest and thorniest questions relating to tribalism and xenophobia, hierarchy and competition, morality and free will, and war and peace. Wise, humane, often very funny, Behave is a towering achievement, powerfully humanizing, and downright heroic in its own right.

The Biology Of Human Freedom Understanding The Genetic Foundations Of Self Ownership

The Biology of Human Freedom  Understanding the Genetic Foundations of Self Ownership PDF
Author: Hugh A. Thomas
Publisher: Glacier Publishing
ISBN: 9780692205662
Size: 20.60 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 148
View: 5231

Get Book

With the doctrine of unalienable rights failing to halt the expansion of government power over the individual, a new enlightenment is needed that establishes that man is a free and sovereign being. This self-ownership can be found in man's biology. The evidence already exists; it only needs to be expressed. In this fascinating and engaging book, Thomas delves into the biological basis underpinning the drive for self-preservation found in many species of plants and animals. He shows that, not only do plants and animals defend their own lives, they have a genetically based drive for owning, holding, and defending property. The evidence shows that humans share the same drives as thousands of other life forms, and that these drives are deeply imbedded in the structure of DNA. In the quest to be free from war, dictatorship and political pestilence, man has struggled for thousands of years against the intraspecies predators who push him towards calamities that have resulted in the deaths, misery and enslavement of millions. Employing a radically different style of thinking, Thomas embarks on a critical review of many human misconceptions, including the concepts of natural rights, the collective, duty and the alienation of man from nature. He then goes about proposing a rational alternative to these delusional doctrines.

Human Evolutionary Biology

Human Evolutionary Biology PDF
Author: Michael P. Muehlenbein
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521879485
Size: 23.81 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 624
View: 6192

Get Book

A wide-ranging and inclusive text focusing on topics in human evolution and the understanding of modern human variation and adaptability.

The Scented Ape

The Scented Ape PDF
Author: David Michael Stoddart
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521395618
Size: 28.55 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 286
View: 404

Get Book

Both men and women devote time and effort to removing natural body odour and replacing it with sexual attractant odours derived from plants and animals - we seem to need to smell of something other than people! Yet of all the apes, we are the most richly endowed with scent producing glands. This book examines the sense of smell in humans, comparing it with the known functions of the same sense in other animals. Odorous cues play a role in sexual physiology and behaviour in animals and there are claims that odour can play the same role in humans. The place of odours and scents in aesthetics and in psychoanalysis serves to illustrate the link between the emotional centres and the brain. The book presents arguments to explain the way in which our ancestral past has given rise to our modern day olfactory enigmas. The material is presented with as much explanation of the technical detail as possible to make the book accessible to a wide readership.

Das Egoistische Gen

Das egoistische Gen PDF
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642553915
Size: 22.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : de
Pages : 489
View: 6409

Get Book

p”Ein auch heute noch bedeutsamer Klassiker“ Daily Express Sind wir Marionetten unserer Gene? Nach Richard Dawkins ́ vor über 30 Jahren entworfener und heute noch immer provozierender These steuern und dirigieren unsere von Generation zu Generation weitergegebenen Gene uns, um sich selbst zu erhalten. Alle biologischen Organismen dienen somit vor allem dem Überleben und der Unsterblichkeit der Erbanlagen und sind letztlich nur die "Einweg-Behälter" der "egoistischen" Gene. Sind wir Menschen also unserem Gen-Schicksal hilflos ausgeliefert? Dawkins bestreitet dies und macht uns Hoffnung: Seiner Meinung nach sind wir nämlich die einzige Spezies mit der Chance, gegen ihr genetisches Schicksal anzukämpfen.

Human Biodiversity

Human Biodiversity PDF
Author: Jonathan M. Marks
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9780202366562
Size: 45.80 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 321
View: 7763

Get Book

Are humans unique? This simple question, at the very heart of the hybrid field of biological anthropology, poses one of the false of dichotomies--with a stereotypical humanist answering in the affirmative and a stereotypical scientist answering in the negative. The "study "of human biology is different from the study of the biology of other species. In the simplest terms, people's lives and welfare may depend upon it, in a sense that they may not depend on the study of other scientific subjects. Where science is used to validate ideas--four out of five scientists preferring a brand of cigarettes or toothpaste--there is a tendency to accept the judgment as authoritative without asking the kinds of questions we might ask of other citizens' pronouncements. In "Human Biodiversity, "Marks has attempted to distill from a centuries-long debate what has been learned and remains to be learned about the biological differences within and among human groups. His is the first such attempt by an anthropologist in years, for genetics has undermined the fundamental assumptions of racial taxonomy. The history of those assumptions from Linnaeus to the recent past--the history of other, more useful assumptions that derive from Buffon and have reemerged to account for genetic variation--are the poles of Marks's exploration.

Human Reproductive Biology

Human Reproductive Biology PDF
Author: Richard E. Jones
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123821851
Size: 69.27 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 400
View: 6329

Get Book

The fourth edition of Human Reproductive Biology—winner of a 2015 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from The Text and Academic Authors Association—emphasizes the biological and biomedical aspects of human reproduction, explains advances in reproductive science and discusses the choices and concerns of today. Generously illustrated in full color, the text provides current information about human reproductive anatomy and physiology. This expansive text covers the full range of topics in human reproduction, from the biology of male and female systems to conception, pregnancy, labor and birth. It goes on to cover issues in fertility and its control, population growth and family planning, induced abortion and sexually transmitted diseases. This is the ideal book for courses on human reproductive biology, with chapter introductions, sidebars on related topics, chapter summaries and suggestions for further reading. Winner of a 2015 Texty Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association Beautifully redrawn full-color illustrations complement completely updated material with the latest research results, and clear, logical presentation of topics Covers the basic science of reproduction—endocrinology, anatomy, physiology, development, function and senescence of the reproductive system—as well as applied aspects including contraception, infertility and diseases of the reproductive system New companion website features full-color illustrations as PowerPoint and jpeg files for both professors and students to use for study and presentations

Die Entschl Sselung Des Alterns

Die Entschl  sselung des Alterns PDF
Author: Prof. Dr. Elizabeth Blackburn
Publisher: Mosaik Verlag
ISBN: 3641112052
Size: 60.83 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : de
Pages : 464
View: 3788

Get Book

++++ Der SPIEGEL-Bestseller endlich im Taschenbuch ++++ Telomere sind die Schutzkappen unserer Chromosomen und damit direkt mit der Zellalterung sowie dem Entstehen vieler Krankheiten wie Krebs, Diabetes und Herzkreislaufbeschwerden verbunden. Nobelpreisträgerin Dr. Elizabeth Blackburn und ihre Kollegin Dr. Elissa Epel haben in jahrelanger Forschung herausgefunden, woraus unsere Telomere bestehen und wie wir sie erhalten können. Wissenschaftlich fundiert und praktisch erklärt: In diesem Buch finden Sie die Anleitung für einen vitalen Körper. Bleiben Sie jung und gesund – ein Leben lang.

Stress And Animal Welfare

Stress and Animal Welfare PDF
Author: Donald M. Broom
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030321533
Size: 80.76 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 230
View: 3393

Get Book

This is the Second Edition of a well-received book that reflects a fresh, integrated coverage of the concepts and scientific measurement of stress and welfare of animals including humans. This book explains the basic biological principles of coping with many forms of adversity. The major part of this work is devoted to explaining scientifically usable concepts in stress and welfare. A wide range of welfare indicators are highlighted in detail with examples being drawn from man and other species. The necessity for combining information from disciplines is emphasized with a one-health, one-welfare approach. This information forms the basis for a synthesis of new ideas. Among the issues covered are: - How brain and body systems regulate using feelings, physiological responses, behaviour and responses to pathology - Limits to adaptation - Assessing positive and negative welfare during both short-term and long-term situations - Ethical problems and suggested solutions A proper assessment of animal welfare is essential to take informed decisions about what is morally acceptable in terms of practice and in the development of a more effective legislation. This work encapsulates a very wide body of literature on scientific aspects of animal welfare and will thus prove a valuable asset for animal welfare scientists, psychologists, students and teachers of all forms of biology, behaviour, medicine, veterinary medicine and animal usage.

Biology Of Sex

Biology of Sex PDF
Author: Alex Mills
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1487593376
Size: 64.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 432
View: 2964

Get Book

This text explains the biological aspects of human sex by using direct and intriguing comparisons with the many variations in sexual systems among non-human organisms.

Gewalt

Gewalt PDF
Author: Steven Pinker
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 310401616X
Size: 72.16 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 1216
View: 4630

Get Book

Die Geschichte der Menschheit – eine ewige Abfolge von Krieg, Genozid, Mord, Folter und Vergewaltigung. Und es wird immer schlimmer. Aber ist das richtig? In einem wahren Opus Magnum, einer groß angelegten Gesamtgeschichte unserer Zivilisation, untersucht der weltbekannte Evolutionspsychologe Steven Pinker die Entwicklung der Gewalt von der Urzeit bis heute und in allen ihren individuellen und kollektiven Formen, vom Verprügeln der Ehefrau bis zum geplanten Völkermord. Unter Rückgriff auf eine Fülle von wissenschaftlichen Belegen aus den unterschiedlichsten Disziplinen beweist er zunächst, dass die Gewalt im Laufe der Geschichte stetig abgenommen hat und wir heute in der friedlichsten Epoche der Menschheit leben. Diese verblüffende Tatsache verlangt nach einer Erklärung: Pinker schält in seiner Analyse sechs Entwicklungen heraus, die diesen Trend begünstigt haben, untersucht die Psychologie der Gewalt auf fünf innere Dämonen, die Gewaltausübung begünstigen, benennt vier Eigenschaften des Menschen, die den inneren Dämonen entgegenarbeiten und isoliert schließlich fünf historische Kräfte, die uns heute in der friedlichsten Zeit seit jeher leben lassen. Pinkers Darstellung revolutioniert den Blick auf die Welt und uns Menschen. Und sie macht Hoffnung und Mut. »Pinkers Studie ist eine leidenschaftliche Antithese zum verbreiteten Kulturpessimismus und dem Gefühl des moralischen Untergangs der Moderne.« Der Spiegel »Steven Pinker ist ein Top-Autor und verdient all die Superlative, mit denen man ihn überhäuft« New York Times» Die Argumente von Steven Pinker haben Gewicht [...]. Die Chance, heute Opfer von Gewalt zu werden, ist viel geringer als zu jeder anderen Zeit. Das ist eine spannende Nachricht, die konträr zur öffentlichen Wahrnehmung ist." Deutschlandfunk »Steven Pinker ist ein intellektueller Rockstar« The Guardian »Der Evolutionspsychologe Steven Pinker gilt als wichtigster Intellektueller« Süddeutsche Zeitung »Verflucht überzeugend« Hamburger Abendblatt