Urban Water Security Managing Risks

Urban Water Security  Managing Risks PDF
Author: Blanca Jimenez Cisneros
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203881621
Size: 75.47 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 324
View: 3565

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Understanding the impacts of urbanization on the urban water cycle and managing the associated health risks demand adequate strategies and measures. Health risks associated with urban water systems and services include the microbiological and chemical contamination of urban waters and outbreak of water-borne diseases, mainly due to poor water and s

Integrated Urban Water Management Humid Tropics

Integrated Urban Water Management  Humid Tropics PDF
Author: Jonathan N. Parkinson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203881176
Size: 40.38 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 180
View: 4890

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Excess water in the urban environment results in flooding,which causes structural damage, risks to personal safety and disruption to city life. Water is also a major contributory factor for disease transmission as well as being the medium for transport of many pollutants. These problems are of increasing concern due to climate changes and are parti

Encyclopedia Of Environmental Management Four Volume Set

Encyclopedia of Environmental Management  Four Volume Set PDF
Author: Sven Erik Jorgensen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000031721
Size: 70.33 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 3512
View: 6311

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Winner of an Outstanding Academic Title Award from CHOICE Magazine Encyclopedia of Environmental Management gives a comprehensive overview of environmental problems, their sources, their assessment, and their solutions. Through in-depth entries and a topical table of contents, readers will quickly find answers to questions about specific pollution and management issues. Edited by the esteemed Sven Erik Jørgensen and an advisory board of renowned specialists, this four-volume set shares insights from more than 500 contributors—all experts in their fields. The encyclopedia provides basic knowledge for an integrated and ecologically sound management system. Nearly 400 alphabetical entries cover everything from air, soil, and water pollution to agriculture, energy, global pollution, toxic substances, and general pollution problems. Using a topical table of contents, readers can also search for entries according to the type of problem and the methodology. This allows readers to see the overall picture at a glance and find answers to the core questions: What is the pollution problem, and what are its sources? What is the "big picture," or what background knowledge do we need? How can we diagnose the problem, both qualitatively and quantitatively, using monitoring and ecological models, indicators, and services? How can we solve the problem with environmental technology, ecotechnology, cleaner technology, and environmental legislation? How do we address the problem as part of an integrated management strategy? This accessible encyclopedia examines the entire spectrum of tools available for environmental management. An indispensable resource, it guides environmental managers to find the best possible solutions to the myriad pollution problems they face. Also Available Online This Taylor & Francis encyclopedia is also available through online subscription, offering a variety of extra benefits for researchers, students, and librarians, including: Citation tracking and alerts Active reference linking Saved searches and marked lists HTML and PDF format options Contact us to inquire about subscription options and print/online combination packages. US: (Tel) 1.888.318.2367 / (email) [email protected] International: (Tel) +44 (0) 20 7017 6062 / (email) [email protected]

Integrated Pollution Prevention And Control For The Municipal Water Cycle In A River Basin Context

Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control for the Municipal Water Cycle in a River Basin Context PDF
Author: Alberto Galvis-Castaño
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000708241
Size: 50.62 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 202
View: 4601

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The protection of water resources from deterioration in quality by pollution discharges is probably the biggest challenge in sustainable water resources management in the recent decades. In practice, most countries have adopted pollution control strategies and measures which are based on ‘end-of-pipe’ solutions: wastewater treatment plants and adjustments to the regulations, including taxes for wastewater discharges (Conventional Strategy). Although this approach involves very high costs, on many occasions, this strategy has been a complete failure. The research described in this book contribute to the development of sustainable solutions for the previously outlined problem. It was based on the validation of the Three-Step Strategic Approach concept (3-SSA), which includes: 1) prevention or minimisation of waste production; 2) treatment aimed at recovery and reuse of waste components, and 3) disposal of remaining waste with stimulation of natural self-purification of the receiving water body. The study showed overall positive effects of the 3-SSA, in comparison of Conventional Strategy, on wastewater management in the Upper Basin (389 km) of the Cauca river, the second most important river in Colombia. The Cost Benefit Analysis clearly favoured the 3-SSA, generating a major impact on the river water quality at lower cost compared to the Conventional Strategy.

Every Drop Counts

Every Drop Counts PDF
Author: Aad Correljé
Publisher: UNEP/Earthprint
ISBN: 9789280728613
Size: 69.95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 197
View: 4249

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Water use efficiency within the context of sustainable water balance in the urban and domestic sector means optimising safe and sufficient supply and water demand while also closing the life cycle. As environmentally sound technologies play a crucial role in this process technologies and best practices for storage, supply and distribution as well as water related policies need to be identified. The source book provides a comprehensive overview about Environmentally Sound Technologies (ESTs) for water use efficiency in the urban and domestic environment.

Risk Management Of Water Supply And Sanitation Systems

Risk Management of Water Supply and Sanitation Systems PDF
Author: Petr Hlavinek
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9048123658
Size: 37.85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 328
View: 4791

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Each year more than 200 million people are affected by floods, tropical storms, droughts, earthquakes, and also operational failures, wars, terrorism, vandalism, and accidents involving hazardous materials. These are part of the wide variety of events that cause death, injury, and significant economic losses for the countries affected. In an environment where natural hazards are present, local actions are decisive in all stages of risk management: in the work of prevention and mitigation, in rehabilitation and reconstruction, and above all in emergency response and the provision of basic services to the affected population. Commitment to systematic vulnerability reduction is crucial to ensure the resilience of communities and populations to the impact of natural and manmade hazards. Current challenges for the water and sanitation sector require an increase in sustainable access to water and sanitation services in residential areas, where natural hazards pose the greatest risk. In settlements located on unstable and risk-prone land there is growing environmental degradation coupled with extreme conditions of poverty that increase vulnerability. The development of local capacity and risk management play vital roles in obtaining sustainability of water and sanitation systems as well as for the communities themselves. Unfortunately water may also represent a potential target for terrorist activity or war conflict and a deliberate contamination of water is a potential public health threat. An approach which considers the needs of communities and institutions is particularly important in urban areas affected by armed conflict. Risk management for large rehabilitation projects has to deal with major changes caused by conflict: damaged or destroyed infrastructure, increased population, corrupt or inefficient water utilities, and impoverished communities. Water supply and sanitation are amongst the first considerations in disaster response. The greatest water-borne risk to health in most emergencies is the transmission of faecal pathogens, due to inadequate sanitation, hygiene and protection of water sources. However, some disasters, including those involving damage to chemical and nuclear industrial installations, or involving volcanic activity, may create acute problems from chemical or radiological water pollution. Sanitation includes safe excreta disposal, drainage of wastewater and rainwater, solid waste disposal and vector control. This book is based on the discussions and papers prepared for the NATO Advanced Research Workshop that took place in Ohrid, Macedonia under the auspices of the NATO Security Through Science Programme and addressed problems Risk management of water supply and sanitation systems impaired by operational failures, natural disasters and war conflicts. The main purpose of the workshop was to critically assess the existing knowledge on Risk management of water supply and sanitation systems, with respect to diverse conditions in participating countries, and promote close co-operation among scientists with different professional experience from different countries. The ARW technical program comprised papers on 4 topics, : (a) Vulnerability of Wastewater and Sanitation Systems, (b) Vulnerability of Drinking Water Systems, (c) Emergency response plans, and (d) Case studies from regions affected by Drinking Water System, Wastewater and Sanitation System failures.

Water Security

Water Security PDF
Author: The World Economic Forum Water Initiative
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 1610910265
Size: 12.21 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 6889

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The world is on the brink of the greatest crisis it has ever faced: a spiraling lack of fresh water. Groundwater is drying up, even as water demands for food production, for energy, and for manufacturing are surging. Water is already emerging as a headline geopolitical issue—and worsening water security will soon have dire consequences in many parts of the global economic system. Directed by UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon at the 2008 Davos Annual Meeting, the World Economic Forum assembled the world’s foremost group of public, private, non-governmental-organization and academic experts to examine the water crisis issue from all perspectives. The result of their work is this forecast—a stark, non-technical overview of where we will be by 2025 if we take a business-as-usual approach to (mis)managing our water resources. The findings are shocking. Perhaps equally stunning are the potential solutions and the recommendations that the group presents. All are included in this landmark publication. Water Security contains compelling commentary from leading decision-makers, past and present. The commentary is supported by analysis from leading academics of how the world economy will be affected if world leaders cannot agree on solutions. The book suggests how business and politics need to manage the energy-food-water-climate axis as leaders negotiate the details of the climate regime that replace Kyoto Protocols.

Rainwater Tank Systems For Urban Water Supply

Rainwater Tank Systems for Urban Water Supply PDF
Author: Ashok K. Sharma
Publisher: IWA Publishing
ISBN: 1780405359
Size: 65.45 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 372
View: 6233

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Rainwater tank systems have been widely adopted across the world to provide a safe local source of water in underdeveloped rural areas, a substitution for mains water for non potable end uses in water stressed urban areas, as well as providing flooding control in monsoonal climates such as Korea, or combined sewer systems such as Germany. The importance of these systems in cities has grown, as water managers seek to provide a range of decentralised solutions to supply constraints of current water supply systems, whilst reducing the impact of urban development on the natural environment, and increasing resilience to the impacts of climate change. Rainwater tank systems are now often implemented under integrated urban water management (IUWM) and water sensitive urban design (WSUD) philosophies, which take a holistic view of the urban water cycle. Rainwater Tank Systems for Urban Water Supply is based on a comprehensive, multi-million dollar research program that was undertaken in South East Queensland (SEQ) Australia in response to the Millennium drought when the water supply level in the regions drinking water dams dropped to 17% in July 2007 and the area came close to running out of water. In particular, the book provides insights and detailed analysis of design, modelling, implementation, operation, energy usage, economics, management, health risk, social perceptions and implications for water quality/quantity of roof water runoff. The approaches and methodologies included in Rainwater Tank Systems for Urban Water Supply inform and validate research programs, and provide insights on the expected performance and potential pitfalls of the adoption of rainwater tanks systems including: actual harvested yield and resulting mains water savings, optimal sizing for rainwater storages and roof collection systems, expected water quality and implications for managing public health risks, modelling tools available for decision support, operation and management approaches of a decentralised asset at the household scale and community acceptance. The book is suitable for use at undergraduate and post graduate levels and is of particular interest to water professionals across the globe, who are involved in the strategic water planning for a town, city or a region. It is a valuable resource for developers, civil designers, water planners, architects and plumbers seeking to implement sustainable water servicing approaches for residential, industrial and commercial developments.

Urban Water Supply Management Tools

Urban Water Supply Management Tools PDF
Author: Larry W. Mays
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 9780071428361
Size: 76.63 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 208
View: 157

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This guide provides coverage of the new tools available to predict and manage urban water supply demand. It provides methods for analyzing urban water demand, and techniques and software packages for optimally integrating planning and management activities.

Water Security For The 21st Century

Water Security for the 21st Century PDF
Author: Stockholm International Water Institute
Publisher: International Water Assn
ISBN:
Size: 47.49 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 296
View: 1493

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Selected Proceedings of the 11th Stockholm Water Symposium "Water Security for the 21st Century - Building Bridges Through Dialogue", held in Stockholm, Sweden, 13-16 August 2001. The 11th Stockholm Water Symposium had the theme "Water Security for the 21st Century - Building Bridges Through Dialogue". The aim was to actively contribute in building bridges between different groups involved in societal planning and in economic decision making on the one hand, and between the experts involved in water resources development and management, in food and industrial production and in protection of ecological services, on the other hand. The overarching goal was to contribute to facilitation of a sustainable development by linking water visions to economic, political and ecological visions. How to influence globalization and other remote driving forces were crucial perspectives under discussion. The Symposium introduced a new workshop format allocating ample time for the building of bridges through dialogue. Only a limited number of oral presentations were given and more than half of the time was used for dialogue and discussion. The dialogues were conducted by moderators and the discussions were summed up by Chairmen and Rapporteurs. The future-oriented, multi-disciplinary Stockholm Water Symposia are convened annually by the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI), a scientific, technical and awareness-building organization that contributes to international efforts to combat the escalating global water crisis. SIWI facilitates research, raises understanding and stimulates action on world water issues.

Integrated Urban Water Resources Management

Integrated Urban Water Resources Management PDF
Author: Petr Hlavinek
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402046855
Size: 43.85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 323
View: 2528

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Growing populations and rising standards of living exert stress on water supply and the quality of drinking water. This book presents aspects of challenges in the management of urban water resources, urban water supply, urban drainage and water bodies, wastewater treatment, security, and reuse. The book presents expert opinions which indicate that the way to deal with the current urban water management dilemmas is by integrated management and innovative delivery of water services.

Urban Drought

Urban Drought PDF
Author: Bhaswati Ray
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811089477
Size: 74.29 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 427
View: 6075

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This book presents water insecurity issues in urban areas while developing a water security index and explores the innovative approaches to water development and management with examples from Asian cities. The urban water crisis is a global phenomenon, but it is more obvious in the megacities of the developing world. Urban drought, although not a familiar term, will pose a significant threat to humankind in the near future, especially in the context of increasing population in cities. Many cities are already unable to provide safe, clean water for their citizens. Some of the world’s largest cities depend heavily on groundwater for their water supply. It is unlikely that dependence on aquifers, which take many years to recharge, will be sustainable. As urban populations grow, water use will need to shift from agriculture to municipal and industrial uses, making decisions about allocating between different sectors difficult. Inefficient water-use practices by households and industries, fragmented management of water between sectors and institutions, climate-induced water shortages, environmental degradation of water sources, and inadequate use of alternate sources are also issues of major concern. Despite recent advances in the literature, there exists a considerable gap in attempting an integrated water-resource management approach. Covering all aspects of urban drought and water insecurity, this book is a valuable resource for students, researchers, academics, policy makers, and development practitioners.

Adaptation To Climate Change In Southern Africa

Adaptation to Climate Change in Southern Africa PDF
Author: Steffen Bauer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136542027
Size: 54.48 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 120
View: 6468

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Adverse climate impacts are already evident across Southern Africa and pose a serious threat to the development prospects of the region's societies. Sustainable development in this region will depend on the rapid development and implementation of effective adaptation measures. This volume identifies the new socioeconomic and political boundaries to development that result from ongoing climate change in Southern Africa. The collected papers explore the region's potential for a transition to development strategies that combine meaningful socioeconomic investment and adaptation measures while also improving livelihoods in the region. The chapters are backed up by detailed case studies which underscore the urgent need for national governments and multilateral agencies to develop strategies to support Southern Africa's societies in adapting to climate change.