The Tradeoff Between Number Of Children And Child Schooling

The Tradeoff Between Number of Children and Child Schooling PDF
Author: Mark Montgomery
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821331231
Size: 72.92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 98
View: 241

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Annotation World Bank Living Standards Measurement Study No. 112. Assesses evidence of a negative correlation between the number of children born and levels of child schooling by examining their determinants. In many developing countries, as parents have fewer children, they invest more in the health, education, and welfare of each child. This "quantity-quality tradeoff" is vividly illustrated in the recent economic development of Southeast Asia and Latin America. In Sub-Saharan Africa, however, the existence of such a tradeoff has not been established. The few studies conducted to date reveal either no correlation or a slightly positive one, whereby higher fertility rates are linked to greater schooling per child. This study examines the determinants of fertility and of child schooling in C te d'Ivoire and Ghana to assess evidence of a tradeoff, using data from three surveys conducted between 1985 and 1987. The results are mixed. In C te d'Ivoire, there is evidence of such a tradeoff in urban areas but not rural ones. In urban areas, female schooling, higher income, and improved child survival are associated with lower fertility and higher child schooling. In both rural and urban areas of Ghana, there is a tradeoff between fertility and child schooling with higher incomes, and, in rural Ghana, with increases in mothers' schooling. Also available in French ("La relation entre le nombre des enfants et de la scolarisation: Le cas de la C te d'Ivoire et du Ghana"): (ISBN 0-8213-3374-7) Stock No. 13374.

Resources In Education

Resources in Education PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 52.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages :
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Sector Participation Decisions In Labor Supply Models

Sector Participation Decisions in Labor Supply Models PDF
Author: Menno Pradhan
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821331248
Size: 73.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 32
View: 4198

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Living Standards Measurement Study No. 113. This paper analyzes the extent to which workers in Bolivia face barriers to entry in the formal and informal sectors of the urban labor market. These barriers are most prevalent in the formal sector becau

The Impact Of Population Growth On Well Being In Developing Countries

The Impact of Population Growth on Well being in Developing Countries PDF
Author: Dennis A. Ahlburg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540607090
Size: 74.24 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 360
View: 6513

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This book examines the nature and significance of the impact of population growth on the weIl-being of developing countries-in particular, the effects on economic growth, education, health, food supply, housing, poverty, and the environment. In addition, because family planning programmes often significantly affect population growth, the study examines the impacts of family planning on fertility and health, and the human rights implications of family planning programmes. In considering the book's conclusions about the impact of population growth on development, four caveats should be noted. First, the effects of population growth vary from place to place and over time. Thus, blanket statements about overall effects often cannot be made. Where possible, the authors note the contexts in which population effects are strongest and weakest. Second, all of the outcomes examined in this book are influenced by factors other than population growth. Moreover, the impact of population growth may itself vary according to the presence or absence of other factors. This again makes bl anket statements about the effects of population growth difficult. Throughout the chapters, the authors try to identify other relevant factors that influence the outcomes we discuss or that influence the impact of population growth on those outcomes.

International Labor Standards

International Labor Standards PDF
Author: Kaushik Basu
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405142049
Size: 64.62 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 360
View: 1620

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This book addresses the controversial call for international labor standards, seeking to productively further this debate by considering the economic implications and history of these standards. A result of an initiative by Professor Kaushik Basu in his capacity as member of the Expert Group of Development Issues (EGDI) sponsored by the Swedish Foreign Ministry, the contributions are based on discussions at a seminar held in Stockholm in August 2001. Compiling the best research in the field, this book provides a solid basis for policy decisions, while also serving as a challenging text for students in trade, development, and labor economics. Analyzes the economic implications and history of international labor standards. Productively furthers the debate about intervening with international labor standardsStems from a seminar organized through the Expert Group on Development Issues (EGDI), sponsored by the Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

The Economics Of Gender In Mexico

The Economics of Gender in Mexico PDF
Author: Elizabeth G. Katz
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821348864
Size: 16.72 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 297
View: 1228

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Extrait de la couverture : "Mexico has witnessed major demographic, social, and economic changes since the 1960s. In this context, the distinct roles of men and women have also changed, as exemplifies by female labor force participation, which almost tripled in the second half of the 20th century. However, traditional gender roles continue to constrain men's and women's opportunities and well-being in Mexico. [The book] examines these issues from a life-cycle and economic perspective. It looks at the way traditional gender roles shape male and female economic activities and outcomes, beginning whith school-age children and their education patterns, continuing with the labor force participation of adults in rural and urban areas, and ending with the situation of elderly men and women. The book contains new material on changes in the maquiladora sector - which has historically provided important work opportunities for women - as well as the distinct impact of ejido reform on rural men and women."

A Manual For Planning And Implementing The Living Standards Measurement Study Survey

A Manual for Planning and Implementing the Living Standards Measurement Study Survey PDF
Author: Margaret E. Grosh
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN:
Size: 35.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 290
View: 2475

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This manual explains the planning process, technical procedures, and standards used in Living Standard Measurement Study (LSMS) household surveys, including what these procedures entail, why they are used, and how they can be implemented. It provides a factual description of different procedures and standards as well as their purpose and an explanation of their distinctions. The report offers explicit instructions, along with examples of ways LSMS survey procedures have been implemented in different countries. Although the lessons presented here are derived from LSMS surveys, many of them are applicable to surveys in general, and especially to those that are complex or especially concerned with quality control. Topics covered in this manual include technical aspects of questionnaire formatting and testing, methods of implementing sample design, and fieldwork and data management procedures that have been successful. The report sketches ideas about which directions to pursue in analyzing data, presents a brief description of how to assess local statistical capacity, and includes sample work plans and budgets to give surveyors estimates of how long each process will take.

The Annotated Bibliography Of International Programme Evaluation

The Annotated Bibliography of International Programme Evaluation PDF
Author: Craig Russon
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792384267
Size: 63.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 360
View: 1082

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The evaluation profession has experienced rapid growth in the past five years. Prior to 1995, five regional and/or national evaluation organizations existed; today, there are more than twenty-five. With chapters from Africa, Asia, Australasia, Eastern and Western Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, the Middle East, and North America, this bibliography is an attempt to tap into this rapid growth. Each chapter contains a short introduction describing the state of the art of evaluation in the region. References in each chapter contain information about authors, title, source, keywords, and description. Where possible, the keywords indicate country, sector, and evaluation approach. A useful feature of the bibliography is the index of authors and keywords. One look at the index and the reader will see how much evaluators from different regions have to learn from each other. This bibliography will help disseminate innovations in evaluation found in one region to other regions of the world. In this way, this book will enrich the theory and practice of evaluation worldwide.