The Road To Maxwell S Demon

The Road to Maxwell s Demon PDF
Author: Meir Hemmo
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139576879
Size: 58.29 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages :
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Time asymmetric phenomena are successfully predicted by statistical mechanics. Yet the foundations of this theory are surprisingly shaky. Its explanation for the ease of mixing milk with coffee is incomplete, and even implies that un-mixing them should be just as easy. In this book the authors develop a new conceptual foundation for statistical mechanics that addresses this difficulty. Explaining the notions of macrostates, probability, measurement, memory, and the arrow of time in statistical mechanics, they reach the startling conclusion that Maxwell's Demon, the famous perpetuum mobile, is consistent with the fundamental physical laws. Mathematical treatments are avoided where possible, and instead the authors use novel diagrams to illustrate the text. This is a fascinating book for graduate students and researchers interested in the foundations and philosophy of physics.

The Road To Reason

The Road to Reason PDF
Author: Pierre Lecomte du Noüy
Publisher: New York : Longmans, Green
ISBN:
Size: 64.59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Human beings
Languages : en
Pages : 254
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Focuses on people who are different, who might use equipment such as wheelchairs or special computers, who are more like you than you might think, and suggests ways to interact with them.

Energy And Entropy

Energy and Entropy PDF
Author: Harvey S. Leff
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000170365
Size: 38.25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 328
View: 2968

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Energy is typically regarded as understandable, despite its multiple forms of storage and transfer. Entropy, however, is an enigma, in part because of the common view that it represents disorder. That view is flawed and hides entropy’s connection with energy. In fact, macroscopic matter stores internal energy, and that matter’s entropy is determined by how the energy is stored. Energy and entropy are intimately linked. Energy and Entropy: A Dynamic Duo illuminates connections between energy and entropy for students, teachers, and researchers. Conceptual understanding is emphasised where possible through examples, analogies, figures, and key points. Features: Qualitative demonstration that entropy is linked to spatial and temporal energy spreading, with equilibrium corresponding to the most equitable distribution of energy, which corresponds to maximum entropy Analysis of energy and entropy of matter and photons, with examples ranging from rubber bands, cryogenic cooling, and incandescent lamps to Hawking radiation of black holes Unique coverage of numerical entropy, the 3rd law of thermodynamics, entropic force, dimensionless entropy, free energy, and fluctuations, from Maxwell's demon to Brownian ratchets, plus attempts to violate the second law of thermodynamics

The Demon In The Aether

The Demon in the Aether PDF
Author: Martin Goldman
Publisher: Adam Hilger
ISBN:
Size: 50.10 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 1517

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Maxwell S Demon

Maxwell s Demon PDF
Author: Harvey S. Leff
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400861527
Size: 36.18 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 362
View: 4800

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About 120 years ago, James Clerk Maxwell introduced his now legendary hypothetical "demon" as a challenge to the integrity of the second law of thermodynamics. Fascination with the demon persisted throughout the development of statistical and quantum physics, information theory, and computer science--and linkages have been established between Maxwell's demon and each of these disciplines. The demon's seductive quality makes it appealing to physical scientists, engineers, computer scientists, biologists, psychologists, and historians and philosophers of science. Until now its important source material has been scattered throughout diverse journals. This book brings under one cover twenty-five reprints, including seminal works by Maxwell and William Thomson; historical reviews by Martin Klein, Edward Daub, and Peter Heimann; information theoretic contributions by Leo Szilard, Leon Brillouin, Dennis Gabor, and Jerome Rothstein; and innovations by Rolf Landauer and Charles Bennett illustrating linkages with the limits of computation. An introductory chapter summarizes the demon's life, from Maxwell's illustration of the second law's statistical nature to the most recent "exorcism" of the demon based on a need periodically to erase its memory. An annotated chronological bibliography is included. Originally published in 1990. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Probability In Physics

Probability in Physics PDF
Author: Yemima Ben-Menahem
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642213286
Size: 50.99 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 324
View: 447

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What is the role and meaning of probability in physical theory, in particular in two of the most successful theories of our age, quantum physics and statistical mechanics? Laws once conceived as universal and deterministic, such as Newton‘s laws of motion, or the second law of thermodynamics, are replaced in these theories by inherently probabilistic laws. This collection of essays by some of the world‘s foremost experts presents an in-depth analysis of the meaning of probability in contemporary physics. Among the questions addressed are: How are probabilities defined? Are they objective or subjective? What is their explanatory value? What are the differences between quantum and classical probabilities? The result is an informative and thought-provoking book for the scientifically inquisitive.

The Road To Human Destiny

The Road to Human Destiny PDF
Author: Mary Bishop Harriman Lecomte du Noüy
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 20.31 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Scientists
Languages : en
Pages : 344
View: 5431

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The Road To Infinity

The Road to Infinity PDF
Author: Isaac Asimov
Publisher: Doubleday Books
ISBN:
Size: 44.89 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Astronomy
Languages : en
Pages : 217
View: 684

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Frontiers Of Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics

Frontiers of Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics PDF
Author: Gerald T. Moore
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461321816
Size: 61.42 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 510
View: 7281

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The four-week period fran May 20 to June 16, 1984 was an intensive period of advanced study on the foundations and frontiers of nonequili brium statistical physics (NSP). During the first two weeks of this period, an advanced-study course on the "Foundations of NSP" was con ducted in Albuquerque under the sponsorship of the University of New Mexico Center for High-Technology Materials. This was followed by a two-week NATO Advanced Study Insti tute on the "Frontiers of NSP" in Santa Fe under the same directorship. Many Students attended both meetings. This book comprises proceedings based on those lectures and covering a broad spectrum of topics in NSP ranging fran basic problems in quantum measurement theory to analogies between lasers and Darwinian evolution. The various types of quantum distribution functions and their uses are treated by several authors. other tools of NSP, such as Langevin equations, Fokker-Planck equations, and master equations, are developed and applied to areas such as laser physics, plasma physics, Brownian motion, and hydrodynamic instabilities. The properties and experimental detection of squeezed states and antibunching are described, as well as experimental tests of the violation of Bell's inequality. Information theory, mean-field theory, reservoir theory, entropy maximization, and even a novel nonlinear generalization of quantum mechanics are used to discuss nonequilibrium phenanena and the approach toward thermodynamic equilibrium.

Maxwell S Demon

Maxwell s Demon PDF
Author: Hans Christian Von Baeyer
Publisher: Random House Incorporated
ISBN:
Size: 23.10 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 207
View: 2334

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Shows how the physics of heat can explain the behavior of energy, time, and the physical world

Battle And Quest

Battle and Quest PDF
Author: Elżbieta H. Oleksy
Publisher: Panstwowe Wydawn. Nauk.
ISBN:
Size: 63.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Allegory
Languages : en
Pages : 90
View: 5611

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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 21.49 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages :
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