The Nature Of Race

The Nature of Race PDF
Author: Ann Morning
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520950143
Size: 70.73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 328
View: 6901

Get Book

What do Americans think "race" means? What determines one’s race—appearance, ancestry, genes, or culture? How do education, government, and business influence our views on race? To unravel these complex questions, Ann Morning takes a close look at how scientists are influencing ideas about race through teaching and textbooks. Drawing from in-depth interviews with biologists, anthropologists, and undergraduates, Morning explores different conceptions of race—finding for example, that while many sociologists now assume that race is a social invention or "construct," anthropologists and biologists are far from such a consensus. She discusses powerful new genetic accounts of race, and considers how corporations and the government use scientific research—for example, in designing DNA ancestry tests or census questionnaires—in ways that often reinforce the idea that race is biologically determined. Widening the debate about race beyond the pages of scholarly journals, The Nature of Race dissects competing definitions in straightforward language to reveal the logic and assumptions underpinning today’s claims about human difference.

The Nature Of Difference

The Nature of Difference PDF
Author: Evelynn Maxine Hammonds
Publisher: Mit Press
ISBN:
Size: 11.72 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 380
View: 7366

Get Book

The Nature of Difference documents how distinctions between people have beengenerated in and by the life sciences. Through insightful commentaries and a wide-ranging selectionof primary documents by the editors, it charts the shifting boundaries of science and race throughmore than two centuries of American history. The documents, primarily writings by authoritative,eminent scientists intended for their professional peers, show how various sciences of race havechanged their object of study over time: from racial groups to types to populations to genomes andbeyond. The book's thematic and synthetic approach reveals the profoundly diverse array ofpractices--countless acts of observation, quantification, and experimentation--that enabled theconsequential categorizations we inherit. The documents--most reproduced in their entirety--rangefrom dictionary definitions of race published between 1886 and 2005 to an exchange of lettersbetween Benjamin Baneker and Thomas Jefferson; from Samuel Cartwright's 1851 "Report on theDiseases and Physical Peculiarities of the Negro Race" to a 1950 UNESCO declaration that raceis a social myth; from a 1928 paper detailing the importance of the glands in shaping human natureto a 2005 report of the discovery of a genetic basis for skin color. Such documents, given contextby the editors' introductions to each thematic chapter, provide scholars, journalists, and generalreaders with the rich historical background necessary for understanding contemporary developments inracial science. Evelynn M. Hammonds is Professor of the History of Science andProfessor of African and African American Studies at Harvard University. She is the author ofChildhood's Deadly Scourge: The Campaign to Control Diphtheria in New York City, 1880-1930. RebeccaM. Herzig is Associate Professor of Women and Gender Studies at Bates College and the author ofSuffering for Science: Reason and Sacrifice in Modern America.

The Savage Child And The Nature Of Race Posthuman Interventions From New York City

The  savage  Child and the Nature of Race  Posthuman Interventions from New York City PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 21.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 6628

Get Book

This article intervenes in the scholarship of race by way of the child, demonstrating how childhood is a doubly strategic site in disrupting the ontology of race as natural type or kind. One path involves disentangling children's association with nature, a tragic knot conjoined through a particular conception of the human. This strategy reveals the savage child that apprehends and sorts bodily differences, working to sustain the nature of race. Rejecting the savage child opens up a space to view actual children through a distinct posthuman lens that emphasizes laughter, play and surrealism in everyday life. Drawing on ethnographic material where children in New York City struggled with the visibility of the body, I demonstrate that alternative ontologies of race are possible and do exist. These tasks allow both race and childhood to emerge in a new light, with important implications for anthropology's cherished idea of the human.

The Nature Of Difference An Archaeology Of Racial Medical Knowledge

The Nature of Difference  An Archaeology of Racial Medical Knowledge PDF
Author: Jordan Liz
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 20.52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 3501

Get Book

In 2000, after the majority of the Human Genome Project had been completed, President Clinton proudly announced that all humans are 99.9% similar in our genetic makeup. Initially, this conclusion seemed decisive in finally debunking the myth of biological races. However, in the years to follow, a new biological conception of race began to emerge. On this new account, not only do racial groups constitute unique genetic clusters, but some races are genetically more susceptible to certain diseases than others: African American women to breast cancer, African American men to prostate cancer and Mexicans to type-2 diabetes. These claims entail that, independent of social conditions, some races are more likely to be diagnosed with a certain disease given their race’s genetic make-up. The reintroduction of a biological conception of race into biomedical research has sparked intense debates concerning the potential ethical, political, epistemological and metaphysical implications of these accounts. In light of these discussions, the purpose of this dissertation is twofold: first, I will attempt to unearth what presuppositions this new account of race assumes by virtue of which it is made epistemically possible. And, second, I seek to determine to what extent this contemporary biological account of race follows the accounts produced during the race sciences of the 20th century. To be clear, the goal here is not to compare and contrast the explicit accounts given by biologists from each period; rather, I intend to analyze the underlying knowledge that makes each possible within their respective historical periods, and then compare how similar those presuppositions are to one another. Doing so will allow us, first, to gain a deeper understanding of how these accounts are constructed; and second to determine whether contemporary biological accounts race harbor racist or problematic assumptions.

The Meaning Of Race

The Meaning of Race PDF
Author: Kenan Malik
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1349247707
Size: 35.23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Physical anthropology
Languages : en
Pages : 323
View: 822

Get Book

In The Meaning of Race, Kenan Malik throws new light on the nature and origins of ideas of racial difference. Arguing that the concept of 'race' is a means through which Western society has come to understand the relationship between humanity, society and nature, the book re-examines the relationship between Enlightenment thought and racial discourse, clarifies the nature of scientific racism, and presents a critique of postmodern theories of cultural 'difference'.

The Concept Of Race In South Asia

The Concept of Race in South Asia PDF
Author: Professor of the History of India Peter Robb
Publisher: School of Oriental & African Studies University of London
ISBN:
Size: 70.80 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 354
View: 5477

Get Book

Most of the papers presented at a workshop held at London in December 1992.

Rethinking The Great White North

Rethinking the Great White North PDF
Author: Andrew Baldwin
Publisher: UBC Press
ISBN: 0774820160
Size: 61.85 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 356
View: 6796

Get Book

Canadian national identity is bound to the idea of a Great White North. Images of snow, wilderness, and emptiness seem innocent, yet this path-breaking book reveals they contain the seeds of racism. Informed by the insight that racism is geographical as well as historical and cultural, the contributors trace how notions of race, whiteness, and nature helped construct a white country in travel writing and treaty making; in scientific research and park planning; and in towns, cities, and tourist centres. Rethinking the Great White North offers a new vocabulary for contemporary debates on Canada's role in the North and the meaning of the nation.

Race Nature And The Politics Of Difference

Race  Nature  and the Politics of Difference PDF
Author: Donald S. Moore
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822330912
Size: 51.73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 475
View: 917

Get Book

How do race and nature work as terrains of power? From eighteenth-century claims that climate determined character to twentieth-century medical debates about the racial dimensions of genetic disease, concepts of race and nature are integrally connected, woven into notions of body, landscape, and nation. Yet rarely are these complex entanglements explored in relation to the contemporary cultural politics of difference. This volume takes up that challenge. Distinguished contributors chart the traffic between race and nature across sites including rainforests, colonies, and courtrooms. Synthesizing a number of fields—anthropology, cultural studies, and critical race, feminist, and postcolonial theory—this collection analyzes diverse historical, cultural, and spatial locations. Contributors draw on thinkers such as Fanon, Foucault, and Gramsci to investigate themes ranging from exclusionary notions of whiteness and wilderness in North America to linguistic purity in Germany. Some essayists focus on the racialized violence of imperial rule and evolutionary science and the biopolitics of race and class in the Guatemalan civil war. Others examine how race and nature are fused in biogenetic discourse—in the emergence of “racial diseases” such as sickle cell anemia, in a case of mistaken in vitro fertilization in which a white couple gave birth to a black child, and even in the world of North American dog breeding. Several essays tackle the politics of representation surrounding environmental justice movements, transnational sex tourism, and indigenous struggles for land and resource rights in Indonesia and Brazil. Contributors. Bruce Braun, Giovanna Di Chiro, Paul Gilroy, Steven Gregory, Donna Haraway, Jake Kosek, Tania Murray Li, Uli Linke, Zine Magubane, Donald S. Moore, Diane Nelson, Anand Pandian, Alcida Rita Ramos, Keith Wailoo, Robyn Wiegman

The Effects Of Race

The Effects of Race PDF
Author: Nina G. Jablonski
Publisher: AFRICAN SUN MeDIA
ISBN: 1928357849
Size: 46.24 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 180
View: 5179

Get Book

The STIAS research theme on Being Human Today explores the interrelated questions: What does it mean to be human? And: What is the nature of the world in which we aspire to be human? In the context of post-apartheid South Africa race and racism remain key references in both these questions. Why is this so, considering that the biological basis of race thinking has been refuted? Templates of race and racialism remain at the core of state policy in South Africa, periodic gross incidents of racism surface in public, and notions of the existence of races remain central to everyday thinking and discourse. This book is the result of the work of a group of leading thinkers and their in-depth conversations at STIAS during the winter of 2015 on the effects of race. Convened by evolutionary anthropologist Nina Jablonski and sociologist Gerhard Mar‚, the group included Njabulo Ndebele, Chabani Manganyi, Barney Pityana, Crain Soudien, G”ran Therborn, Mikael Hjerm, Zimitri Erasmus and George Chaplin. The group reconvened annually through 2017. This is the first in a series of planned publications on the their work.

Realism And Racism

Realism and Racism PDF
Author: Bob Carter
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134568711
Size: 31.69 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 192
View: 7124

Get Book

There are continuing difficulties within social science surrounding concepts of race. This book suggests that these difficulties stem from the uncertain ontological and epistemological status of ideas about race, itself a consequence of the recognition that concepts of race have all but lost their relevance as sociologically significant descriptions. This book surveys ways in which social scientists have attempted to come to terms with this situation, before developing an alternative approach based on recent work by realist authors. This approach offers a radical revision of orthodox debates about race concepts, about the possibility of a social science and about the nature of empirical research. This illustrated through two policy examples: an account of post war migration to the UK, and debates about trans-racial adoption in the UK and the USA.

Psychology And Race

Psychology and Race PDF
Author: Peter Watson
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9780202309293
Size: 15.10 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 491
View: 2545

Get Book

Since the problems of race relations are worldwide, the international origins and perspectives of this excellent and timely book are especially advantageous. More research has been done in the United States than elsewhere on the psychology of race relations, so it is appropriate that a plurality of the chapters of this book are by American authors--a stellar group that includes leading contributors to our contemporary knowledge of the topic. Contributors from the English-speaking Commonwealth countries are next in number, followed by authors from the United Kingdom, where race-related issues have only recently become a salient concern of politics and social ethics. The editor has assigned topics to his carefully chosen author-experts not by country or region, but by matching the expertise of each author against a need for coherent analysis of the important aspects of psychology and race.' Psychology and Race is divided into two major parts. The first half of the book looks at the interracial situation itself. The first section concentrates on the majority or dominant group, and describes the development and measurement of racial awareness and prejudice and techniques for reducing prejudice; the second section focuses on the reactions of subordinate or minority groups; and the third deals with specific aspects of interpersonal interaction-attitudes, behavior, and performance--when the people concerned are of different races. The book also looks at those areas of life where race is relevant and where psychology can help in an understanding of the situation. The scope of this volume, the distinction of its authors, and the hardheaded sense of reality it brings to the discussion of these extremely complex issues will make it an invaluable resource not only for teachers and students but also for everyone concerned in any way with this most pressing issue of our times. Peter Watson was deputy editor of The New Society and spent a total of four years with The London Sunday Times as part of their Insight Team. He has written several books and since 1998 has been Research Associate at the Illicit Antiquities Research Centre located at the McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research at the University of Cambridge, United Kingdom.

The Nature Of Whiteness

The Nature of Whiteness PDF
Author: Yuka Suzuki
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 0295999551
Size: 50.33 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 232
View: 5750

Get Book

The Nature of Whiteness explores the intertwining of race and nature in postindependence Zimbabwe. Nature and environment have played prominent roles in white Zimbabwean identity, and when the political tide turned against white farmers after independence, nature was the most powerful resource they had at their disposal. In the 1970s, �Mlilo,� a private conservancy sharing boundaries with Hwange National Park, became the first site in Zimbabwe to experiment with �wildlife production,� and by the 1990s, wildlife tourism had become one of the most lucrative industries in the country. Mlilo attained international notoriety in 2015 as the place where Cecil the Lion was killed by a trophy hunter. Yuka Suzuki provides a balanced study of whiteness, the conservation of nature, and contested belonging in twenty-first-century southern Africa. The Nature of Whiteness is a fascinating account of human-animal relations and the interplay among categories of race and nature in this embattled landscape.

Aristotle On The Nature Of Community

Aristotle on the Nature of Community PDF
Author: Adriel M. Trott
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107036259
Size: 42.35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 239
View: 3811

Get Book

This reading of Aristotle's Politics builds on the insight that the history of political philosophy is a series of configurations of nature and reason. Aristotle's conceptualization of nature is unique because it is not opposed to or subordinated to reason. Adriel M. Trott uses Aristotle's definition of nature as an internal source of movement to argue that he viewed community as something that arises from the activity that forms it rather than being a form imposed on individuals. Using these definitions, Trott develops readings of Aristotle's four arguments for the naturalness of the polis, interprets deliberation and the constitution in Politics as the form and final causes of the polis, and reconsiders Aristotle's treatment of slaves and women. Trott then argues that Aristotle is relevant for contemporary efforts to improve and encourage genuine democratic practices.

Theories Of Race And Racism

Theories of Race and Racism PDF
Author: Les Back
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415156721
Size: 30.69 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 646
View: 2897

Get Book

20 Lola Young: IMPERIAL CULTURE