The Objectivity Of Truth

The Objectivity of Truth PDF
Author: George Joseph Stokes
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 29.68 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Objectivity
Languages : en
Pages : 118
View: 6359

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Objectivity And The Language Dependence Of Thought

Objectivity and the Language Dependence of Thought PDF
Author: Christian Barth
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131779625X
Size: 47.80 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 244
View: 2511

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Does thought depend on language? Primarily as a consequence of the cognitive turn in empirical disciplines like psychology and ethology, many current empirical researchers and empirically minded philosophers tend to answer this question in the negative. This book rejects this mainstream view and develops a philosophical argument in favor of a universal dependence of language on thought. In doing so, it comprises insights of two primary representatives of 20th century and contemporary philosophy, namely Donald Davidson and Robert Brandom. Barth offers an introduction to the debate concerning the language-dependence of thought and lays the methodological foundation for the subsequent argument in favor of a universal dependence of thought on language, presenting an account and defense of the transcendental method in reference to the writings of Peter F. Strawson. He then offers a transcendental argument in favor of a universal language-dependence of thought, beginning with a reevaluation of a basic idea for an argument originally presented by Donald Davidson. Later, two main objections to the conclusion of this transcendental argument are addressed and rejected using Robert Brandom’s inferentialist and normativist account of thought and language. In the course of doing so, the recent debate on Brandom’s work is addressed extensively, and main objections to Brandom’s work are presented and answered.

Invariances

Invariances PDF
Author: Robert Nozick
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674006317
Size: 69.28 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 416
View: 3302

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Casting cultural controversies in a whole new light, an eminent philosopher presents bold, new theories that take into account scientific advances in physics, evolutionary biology, economics, and cognitive neurosience.

The Sense Of Reference

The Sense of Reference PDF
Author: Gilead Bar-Elli
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110813033
Size: 40.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 276
View: 5892

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From The Act Of Judging To The Sentence

From the Act of Judging to the Sentence PDF
Author: Artur Rojszczak
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402033974
Size: 57.46 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 4771

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IN MEMORIAM OF ARTUR ROJSZCZAK For a teacher, the opportunity to write the Foreword to a student’s work gives rise to a sense offul?lment and pride. In this case, however, although the latter remains, the former has been effaced.Inawell-ordered world Artur Rojszczak would have perhaps one day written tributes to ourselves. It isapoignant paradox when teachers are called upon to comment posthumously on thework of one of their students. This is a terrible task whichfalls to us—who have been not only mentors and colleagues to Artur, but also simply friends—of eulogizing someone who has died so soon, and so tragically. Artur was killed, together with his father, by an aggressive neighbour on September 27, 2001. Artur’s wife was severely injured in the same attack. Artur was born on March 12, 1968 in S?ubice (close to the Polish-German border). He studied in the Electronics College in Zielona Góra, graduating in 1987. But from very early on his dream was to study philosophy, and to do so at the Jagiellonian University in Cracow; no other place was considered by him seriously. He entered the university in 1988.

G F Stout And The Psychological Origins Of Analytic Philosophy

G F  Stout and the Psychological Origins of Analytic Philosophy PDF
Author: Maria van der Schaar
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137315407
Size: 27.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 184
View: 3348

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An investigatation of the influence of psychology and early phenomenology on the origins of analytic philosophy. This book is also of value for those interested in judgement, proposition, psychologism, logical realism, the problem of error, Gestalt theories, and tropes.

Truth And Objectivity

Truth and Objectivity PDF
Author: Crispin WRIGHT
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674910874
Size: 53.64 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 247
View: 5269

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Philosophy, in seeking after truth, must also grapple with questions about the nature and status of truth itself. Is there, for example, such a thing as fully objective truth, or is our talk of "truth" merely a projection onto the world of what we find acceptable in moral argument, scientific theory, mathematical discourse? Such questions are at the center of Truth and Objectivity, which offers an original perspective on the place of "realism" in philosophical inquiry. Crispin Wright proposes a radically new framework for the discussion of the claims of the realists who think of truth as fully objective and the anti-realists who oppose them - a framework which rejects the classical "deflationary" conception of truth yet allows both realist and antirealist to respect the intuition that judgements whose status they contest, such as those in moral argument and theoretical science, may often justifiably be regarded as true. The real issues that must be resolved if the contest between realist and anti-realist views of a range of judgements is to be properly adjudicated are different, and are here developed in detail from a sharply novel perspective. In addition, Wright offers original critical discussions of many central concerns of philosophers interested in realism, including the "deflationary" conception of truth, internal realist truth, scientific realism and the theoreticity of observation, truth and "correspondence to fact," role of moral states of affairs in explanations of moral beliefs, anti-realism about content, and the "quietism" toward this whole tradition of debate favored by some philosophers of Wittgensteinian sympathies. Wright's proposals are arrestingly original, interesting, and rich in implication. Recasting important questions about truth and objectivity in new and helpful terms, his book will become a focus in the contemporary debates over realism, and will give new impetus to these debates in all areas of philosophy.

Fundamentals Of Ethics

Fundamentals of Ethics PDF
Author: John Finnis
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 9780878404087
Size: 62.71 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 163
View: 4843

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Are we entitled to be confident that our moral judgements can be objective? Can they express insights into aspects of reality, rather than mere feelings, tastes, desires, decisions, upbringing, or conventions? Why must we consider some of our choices to be free, and how do our free choices matter? How far should our moral judgements be based on assessments of expected consequences? Can utilitarianism, and other consequentialist or proportionalist theories, be anything more than the rationalization of positions taken on other grounds? The main theme of this book is the challenge to ethics from philosophical scepticism and from contemporary forms of consequentialism. But in seeking to meet this challenge, the book develops a sustained philosophical argument about many of the central questions of ethics. It reviews classical positions, and challenges some long-influential interpretations of those positions. It also reviews and participates in some recent developments and controversies in Anglo-American ethical theory. The activity of ethical theorizing itself is shown to be a matter of free and intelligent decision, in pursuit of intelligible good; it thus provides a test-case for any ethical theory.

Gottlob Frege Frege S Philosophy In Context

Gottlob Frege  Frege s philosophy in context PDF
Author: Michael Beaney
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415306027
Size: 43.26 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 424
View: 6167

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This collection brings together recent scholarship on Frege, including new translations of German material which is made available to Anglophone scholars for the first time.

The Possibility Of Discussion

The Possibility of Discussion PDF
Author: Dr Hugo Strandberg
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409485102
Size: 32.82 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 208
View: 3261

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Answering the question 'How is fruitful discussion possible?', this book addresses the central philosophical issue of how reason shall be understood and how it is limited. This study argues that the understanding of discussion according to which it necessarily starts from putative universal norms and rules for argumentation is problematic, among other reasons since such rules are unfruitful in contexts where there are vast disagreements such as religion. Inspired by Wittgensteinian ideas, Strandberg develops instead a new way of understanding discussion, truth and rationality which escapes these problems, and shows how this solution can be used to answer the accusation against Wittgensteinian philosophy for being conservative and resulting in fideism.

Hans Urs Von Balthasar And The Dramatic Structure Of Truth

Hans Urs Von Balthasar and the Dramatic Structure of Truth PDF
Author: D. C. Schindler
Publisher: Fordham Univ Press
ISBN: 9780823223213
Size: 61.79 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 455
View: 1068

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"This book should go a long way in establishing Balthasar as an essential voice in contemporary conversations among philosophers and theologians, especially in light of postmodern debates about the end of metaphysics and of "overcoming ontotheology."" "Schindler not only demonstrates the fundamental connections between Balthasar and the wider philosophical project of this century; he also demonstrates the continuing power of Balthasar's theology - as a human encounter with the glory of God - to shape culture and community."--BOOK JACKET.

On Kierkegaard And The Truth

On Kierkegaard and the Truth PDF
Author: Paul L. Holmer
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1621894347
Size: 33.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 342
View: 2407

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Paul L. Holmer (1916-2004) was Professor of Philosophy at the University of Minnesota (1946-1960) and Noah Porter Professor of Philosophical Theology at Yale Divinity School (1960-1987). Among his many acomplishments, Holmer was one of the most significant American students of Kierkegaard of his generation. Although written in the 1950s and 1960s, Holmer's theological and philosophical engagement with Kierkegaard challenges much in the contemporary scholarly discussions of this important thinker. Unlike many, Holmer refuses reductionist readings that tie Kierkegaard to any particular "school." He likewise criticizes biographical readings of Kierkegaard, much in vogue recently, seeing Kierkegaard rather as an indirect communicator aiming at his reader's own ethical and religious capacities. Holmer also rejects popular existentialist readings of Kierkegaard, seeing him as an analyzer of concepts, while at the same time denying that he is a "crypto-analyst." Holmer criticizes the attempt to construe Kierkegaard as a didactic religious thinker, appreciating Kierkegaard's "cool" descriptive objectivity and his ironic and stylistic virtuosity. In his important reading of Kierkegaard on "truth," Holmer pits Kierkegaard against those who see "truth" empirically, idealistically, or relativistically. Holmer's carefully textured account of Kierkegaard's conceptual grammar of "truth" in ethical and religious contexts, fifty years after it was penned, addresses immediately current discussions of truth, meaning, reference, and realism versus antirealism, relativism, and hermeneutics. It will be of great interest to all interested in Kierkegaard and his importance for contemporary theology and philosophy. This is the first volume of The Paul L. Holmer Papers, which includes also volume 2, Thinking the Faith with Passion: Selected Essays, and volume 3, Communicating the Faith Indirectly: Selected Sermons, Addresses, and Prayers.

Economics As A Political Muse

Economics as a Political Muse PDF
Author: M.K. Deblonde
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401597677
Size: 13.89 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 221
View: 3661

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This book looks afresh, from a philosophical perspective, on the role economic theory plays in present-day ecological policy. It starts from fundamental questions concerning the nature of the problem of sustainability, of politics, and of economic science. It confronts the results of this investigation with the theoretical work of two prominent present-day economists. This book is written at a high academic level. It will be of interest to environmentalists, environmental economists, and for policy people charged with ecological problems.