The International Aluminium Cartel

The International Aluminium Cartel PDF
Author: Marco Bertilorenzi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317804848
Size: 49.84 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 390
View: 5047

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Aluminium was one of most cartelised industries in the international economic panorama of the 20th century. Born following the discovery of electrolytic smelting process in 1886, this industry, even in its infancy, established a cartel which characterised its history until nearly 1980. Managers of the aluminium industry from various historical eras and countries shared the same vision about the development of their industry: to keep prices as stable as possible in order to encourage expansions and to provide return on investments. Price instability, which characterised the trade of other commodities, was unknown to the aluminium industry. This book neither argues that cartels are fundamentally evil, nor attempts to demonstrate that cartels are optimal business organisations. It instead provides an in-depth and frank analysis of the internal working of industrial organisations and of the interplay between cartels and political powers and institutions. The International Aluminium Cartel offers explanations for the construction and collapse of cartels, descriptions of their operations, and an historical interpretation of their experiences. Incorporating information gleaned from a unique collection of private and public archives from several countries, this unique study will appeal to a wide variety of readers, including academics interested in industrial and business history.

The Political Economy Of International Commodity Cartels

The Political Economy of International Commodity Cartels PDF
Author: Elina Kuorelahti
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000338525
Size: 25.38 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 152
View: 3645

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The Political Economy of International Commodity Cartels examines how international commodity cartels in the 1930s were impacted not only by commercial rivalry, but also by international trade political and diplomatic concerns. This work presents the rise and decline of the European Timber Exporters’ Convention (ETEC) and analyses how firms navigated through the cartel game under increasing international competition, pressures from the national governments, and the interventionist endeavours of the League of Nations. Cartels are often associated with, in the standard economic interpretation, business collusion. However, in using vast archive sources and historical methodology, the chapters in this book shed light onto how international relations shaped cartels. The rise of British protectionism, the emergence of the Soviet Union as an industrial power, and the economic rapprochement of the League of Nations in the early 1930s created a wave of political and diplomatic challenges in the timber trading countries and affected cartelisation. Timber firms in the biggest producer countries—Finland and Sweden—were uninterested in international cartel collaboration, but under pressure joined the ETEC nevertheless. This book makes a strong contribution to the fields of business history and cartel studies. It is an essential read for economic historians interested in how political pressure shaped international cartels and how cartels became avenues of diplomacy.

Dynamics Of International Business

Dynamics of International Business PDF
Author: Andrea Colli
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131790673X
Size: 23.58 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 222
View: 6576

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The Dynamics of International Business offers a comparative, chronological overview of the strategic and structural evolution of international firms. Organized around eras of global economic development, the text synthesizes research on the internationalization of firms, highlighting crucial turning points in the evolution of the international economy. A particular emphasis is placed on the relationship between historical evidence and the theoretical frameworks available for its interpretation. Each period is illustrated by a selection of short case studies from a variety of industry sectors, including the Levant Company, Nestlé, Singer, Saint Gobain and NEC. An essential textbook for courses in business and economic history, this book will also be a valuable resource for scholars and students of international business more generally.

The Political Economy Of Russian Aluminium

The Political Economy of Russian Aluminium PDF
Author: Jakub M. Godzimirski
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319572342
Size: 32.74 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 290
View: 4340

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This book addresses how the progress of the Russian aluminium industry, which has developed into an important global actor, has been influenced by the interaction of global market forces and the evolution of the Russian political system. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russian aluminium producers needed to adapt to changing framework conditions, both with regards to the global aluminium market and in Russia. Examining the most important changes in the organization of the global aluminium trade – the reorganization and consolidation of Russian aluminium industry and its ‘oligarchization’ – Godzimirski charts the evolution of the relationship between political and economic power in Russia, and the impact that this development has had on survival and adaptation strategies of key aluminium players in the country.

Organizing Global Technology Flows

Organizing Global Technology Flows PDF
Author: Pierre-Yves Donzé
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135013578
Size: 42.71 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 266
View: 772

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Research on the international transfer of technology in economics and management literature has primarily focused on the role of countries and that of companies, in particular multinational enterprises (MNEs). Similarly, economic and business historians have tended to view international technology transfer as a way for economically ‘backward’ countries to acquire new technologies in order to catch up with more developed economies. This volume provides a more in-depth understanding of how the international transfer of technologies is organized and, in particular, challenges the core-periphery model that is still dominant in the extant literature. By looking beyond national systems of innovation, and statistics on foreign trade, patent registration and foreign direct investment, the book sheds more light on the variety of actors involved in the transfer process (including engineers, entrepreneurs, governments, public bodies, firms, etc.) and on how they make use of a broad set of national and international institutions facilitating technology transfer. Put differently, the volume offers a better understanding of the complexity of global technology flows by examining the role and actions of the different actors involved. By bringing together a number of original case studies covering many different countries over the period from the late 19th to the 21st century, the book demonstrates how technology is being transferred through complex processes, involving a variety of actors from several countries using the national and international institutional frameworks.

Developing Successful Ict Strategies Competitive Advantages In A Global Knowledge Driven Society

Developing Successful ICT Strategies  Competitive Advantages in a Global Knowledge Driven Society PDF
Author: Rahman, Hakikur
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1599046563
Size: 35.69 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 420
View: 4755

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Presents research investigating the notion that information communication technologies (ICTs) have the potential to improve the lives of people and contribute to enhancing social conditions in developing countries through such concepts as the Knowledge Society, open education, and e-governance.

Metallurgia

Metallurgia PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 36.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Metal-work
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 3566

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The Governance Of Global Competition

The Governance of Global Competition PDF
Author: Oliver Budzinski
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN:
Size: 63.85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 295
View: 2949

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Employs the economics of federalism to create an analytical framework which can be used for comparative analysis of stylised competence allocation rules. This book offers a perspective on international competition policy. It is suitable for economists, legal scientists and competition authorities.

The International Tin Cartel

The International Tin Cartel PDF
Author: John Hillman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135151326
Size: 46.16 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 544
View: 6965

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This book brings together two areas of inquiry, the history of tin and its role in producing countries and the history of cartelization as a solution to the inherent difficulties of primary commodity markets.

T I D C Project

T I D C  Project PDF
Author: United States. Foreign Economic Administration
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 67.40 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 695

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Transnational Companies 19th 20th Centuries

Transnational Companies  19th 20th Centuries PDF
Author: Hubert Bonin
Publisher: Plage
ISBN:
Size: 56.22 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Empresas internacionales - Historia - Congresos
Languages : en
Pages : 997
View: 2953

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Transnational Companies (19th-20th centuries) gathers tests which were presented during the fourth convention of the European Business History Association in Bordeaux in September 2000. Most of them come from matured and well-known business historians or business schools specialists, but a bunch of texts were provided too by junior researchers, who found thus a way to promote their brand new inquiries ! Most branches are studied here, either heavy industries or agrobusiness and textile ; but specific areas are well approached : luxury firms, wine and beverages companies, for instance. The focus of Transnational Companies is to scrutinize the emergence of international policies among enterprises, whether through exports strategies or through direct investments in foreign countries, along branches, ways of development, entrepreneurial undertakings or competition's incentives. The book assesses too the move from internationalisation to transnationalisation in the interwar and mostly since the 1960s : owing to several case studies here presented, business schools and economic historians will be able to foster tuitions and seminars with fresh material. Lest several papers are earmarked to the argument about globalisation, that is the restructuring of firms'organisation towards internationalised internal divisions since the 1970s-1980s, as the book does cover the very last years of the 20th century.