The Civil War Income Tax And The Republican Party 1861 1872

The Civil War Income Tax and the Republican Party  1861 1872 PDF
Author: Christopher Michael Shepard
Publisher: Algora Publishing
ISBN: 0875867871
Size: 78.54 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Income tax
Languages : en
Pages : 196
View: 1529

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A flat tax? Tax cuts? Complete elimination of the income tax? These ideas have most certainly been advocated by members of the Republican Party during the past few decades. Party leaders such as George W. Bush, Ronald Reagan and Newt Gingrich expressed disdain for the income tax and utilized their power to remove it as a revenue source. At the time of the Civil War, many Republicans, mainly in the Northeast, were opposed to the new Federal Income Tax. Initially used to finance that war, the Federal income tax became a hotly-debated issue at a time when America was trying to put back together a fractured nation. The issue split the party, with Midwestern and Southern Republicans wanting to continue the income tax, and Northern and Western Republicans championing its demise. In the end, the anti-income tax wing took control of the Republican Party and shaped its economic principles for the future. The book is an in-depth look into how the Republicans in Congress dealt with the creation of the United States' first income tax and how it affected the party for the future. The author argues that the anti-income tax faction of the Republican Party won the debate and took over the party – and to this day, the Republican Party typically promotes either cutting taxes or eliminating them altogether. The author gives a brief history of the formation of the Republican Party and how they developed their economic views in distinction from the declining Whig Party, who mostly sought to fund the federal budget through tariffs and not by taxing the people directly. The second half of the book looks at the different income tax legislations and how Republicans in Congress responded to them. Each chapter begins with a brief historical context at the time when an income tax bill was being discussed in Congress. The views of Republicans on the income tax were altered throughout the war and its aftermath. In the beginning, Republicans enthusiastically supported the income tax as a measure needed to sustain the fighting. As the war came to a close, however, many Republicans began to change their view. They originally backed progressive rates, then they wanted just one flat tax rate, and, by 1870, many wanted the tax to be ended. There was a divide in the Republican Party, though. Western Republicans wanted to keep the income tax intact while Northern Republicans called for its repeal. The last chapter of the book looks at the Republican Party and the income tax since 1872. Many of the arguments made by current and past Republicans (e.g., George W. Bush, Eisenhower, Elihu Root and even Earl Warren) against the income tax are shown to be the same ones made by many Republicans in the debate over the Civil War income tax. Apparently, the Northern anti-income tax wing won the debate and took over the party 140 years ago.

Uncivil Warriors

Uncivil Warriors PDF
Author: Peter Hoffer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190851775
Size: 69.99 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 272
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In the Civil War, the United States and the Confederate States of America engaged in combat to defend distinct legal regimes and the social order they embodied and protected. Depending on whose side's arguments one accepted, the Constitution either demanded the Union's continuance or allowed for its dissolution. After the war began, rival legal concepts of insurrection (a civil war within a nation) and belligerency (war between sovereign enemies) vied for adherents in federal and Confederate councils. In a "nation of laws," such martial legalism was not surprising. Moreover, many of the political leaders of both the North and the South were lawyers themselves, including Abraham Lincoln. These lawyers now found themselves at the center of this violent maelstrom. For these men, as for their countrymen in the years following the conflict, the sacrifices of the war gave legitimacy to new kinds of laws defining citizenship and civil rights. The eminent legal historian Peter Charles Hoffer's Uncivil Warriors focuses on these lawyers' civil war: on the legal professionals who plotted the course of the war from seats of power, the scenes of battle, and the home front. Both the North and the South had their complement of lawyers, and Hoffer provides coverage of each side's leading lawyers. In positions of leadership, they struggled to make sense of the conflict, and in the course of that struggle, began to glimpse of new world of law. It was a law that empowered as well as limited government, a law that conferred personal dignity and rights on those who, at the war's beginning, could claim neither in law. Comprehensive in coverage, Uncivil Warriors' focus on the central of lawyers and the law in America's worst conflict will transform how we think about the Civil War itself.

Tax Order And Good Government

Tax  Order  and Good Government PDF
Author: E.A. Heaman
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 0773549641
Size: 49.95 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 582
View: 2480

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Was Canada's Dominion experiment of 1867 an experiment in political domination? Looking to taxes provides the answer: they are a privileged measure of both political agency and political domination. To pay one's taxes was the sine qua non of entry into political life, but taxes are also the point of politics, which is always about the control of wealth. Modern states have everywhere been born of tax revolts, and Canada was no exception. Heaman shows that the competing claims of the propertied versus the people are hardwired constituents of Canadian political history. Tax debates in early Canada were philosophically charged, politically consequential dialogues about the relationship between wealth and poverty. Extensive archival research, from private papers, commissions, the press, and all levels of government, serves to identify a rising popular challenge to the patrician politics that were entrenched in the Constitutional Act of 1867 under the credo "Peace, Order, and good Government." Canadians wrote themselves a new constitution in 1867 because they needed a new tax deal, one that reflected the changing balance of regional, racial, and religious political accommodations. In the fifty years that followed, politics became social politics and a liberal state became a modern administrative one. But emerging conceptions of fiscal fairness met with intense resistance from conservative statesmen, culminating in 1917 in a progressive income tax and the bitterest election in Canadian history. Tax, Order, and Good Government tells the story of Confederation without exceptionalism or misplaced sentimentality and, in so doing, reads Canadian history as a lesson in how the state works. Tax, Order, and Good Government follows the money and returns taxation to where it belongs: at the heart of Canada's political, economic, and social history.

The Federal Income Tax 1861 1872

The Federal Income Tax  1861 1872 PDF
Author: Harold Q. Langenderfer
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 30.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Income tax
Languages : en
Pages : 835
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This volume contains a review and analysis of the original series of income tax laws enacted in the U.S. during the Civil War period. Topics discussed include the backgrounds of the acts, the controversy over direct vs. indirect taxes, and the extent to which these provisions are incorporated into the present system of taxation.

Encyclop Dia Britannica

Encyclop  dia Britannica PDF
Author: Day Otis Kellogg
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 20.24 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Encyclopedias and dictionaries
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 1084

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The Encyclopaedia Britannica

The Encyclopaedia Britannica PDF
Author: Thomas Spencer Baynes
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 75.40 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Encyclopedias and dictionaries
Languages : en
Pages :
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The Encyclop Dia Britannica

The Encyclop  dia Britannica PDF
Author: Thomas Spencer Baynes
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 14.82 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Encyclopedias and dictionaries
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 4311

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The American Register

The American Register PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 56.83 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : United States
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 2948

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By One Vote

By One Vote PDF
Author: Michael Fitzgibbon Holt
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 46.51 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 300
View: 4127

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A fresh interpretation of the disputed presidential election of 1876 between Rutherford Hayes and Samuel Tilden, which was characterized by allegations of election fraud and a narrow victory by a single electoral vote. Many historians consider this election the precursor to the bitterly divisive 2000 Bush-Gore election.

The Kiefer Saga

The Kiefer Saga PDF
Author: Edgar Weber Kiefer
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 60.28 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 144
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Dr. Herman Kiefer, son of Conrad and Christine Friederika Kiefer, was born 19 November 1825 in Salzburg Baden, Germany and died 12 March 1878 in Detroit, Michigan. On 21 July 1850 he married Francisca Bonndorf Kehle. She was born 25 May 1826 in Bonndorf Baden, Germany and died 6 August 1909 also in Detroit. Herman sailed for America on 18 August 1849 " ... and landed in New York, September 19, 1849."--P. 15. On his journey to St. Louis, Missouri, where he intended to settle, he changed his destination to Detroit, Michigan. He was joined in Detroit the following spring, 1850, by his parents and his fiancee, Francisca. His parents later returned to Germany. Descendants and relatives lived in Michigan, Utah, Nebraska, Illinois and elsewhere.