Studying Peoples In The People S Democracies Ii

Studying Peoples in the People s Democracies II PDF
Author: Vintilă Mihăilescu
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 382589911X
Size: 14.90 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 454
View: 6680

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Bulgaria and Serbia during socialism are outlined from many different points of view in this volume. Beyond local and personal trajectories the authors illuminate more general and comparative questions. Was there anything like a "socialist anthropology", common to all three countries? Did Soviet and/or Marxist influences, in the discipline and in society in general, penetrate so deeply as to form an unavoidable common denominator of anthropological practice? The answers turn out to be complex and subtle. While unifying ideological forces were very strong in the 1950s, diversity increased thereafter. Anthropology was entangled with national ideology in all three countries, but the evidence nonetheless calls for "polyphonic" interpretations.

Studying Peoples In The People S Democracies

Studying Peoples in the People s Democracies PDF
Author: C. M. Hann
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 9783825880484
Size: 56.35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 376
View: 1366

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Under socialism the anthropological sciences developed under conflicting pressures: on the one hand Soviet influences, Marxist ideology and institutional changes, on the other the continued influence of national traditions and of the distinction between Volkskunde and Volkerkunde. The chapters bring out striking differences between the countries considered: the German Democratic Republic, Poland, Czechoslovakia and Hungary. They also draw attention to variation within countries, and between sub-branches of the discipline. Coverage extends from the Stalinist years to the end of the socialist era, and the topics range from folklore studies at home to fieldwork expeditions abroad.

The Anthropological Field On The Margins Of Europe 1945 1991

The Anthropological Field on the Margins of Europe  1945 1991 PDF
Author: Aleksandar Boskovic
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 3643905076
Size: 77.39 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 375
View: 2726

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The social lives of the peoples of the Balkans have long stimulated the imaginations of their northern European neighbors. These peoples and places have anthropological traditions of their own, shaped initially by nationalist movements and, later, by socialism and other political constraints. From an anthropological perspective, this book explores the region between Greece and Slovenia, when political pressures were strongest in the era of the Cold War. Yet, the environments were by no means uniformly repressive. The study provides indispensable insights for new generations pursuing innovative research agendas in this region in the new century. It raises deeper issues about the boundaries and substance of the anthropological endeavor. (Series: Halle Studies in the Anthropology of Eurasia - Vol. 29)

Ethnology Myth And Politics

Ethnology  Myth and Politics PDF
Author: Dunja Rihtman-Augustin
Publisher: Gower Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 9780754640394
Size: 20.12 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 144
View: 7186

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Written by the most prominent Croatian ethnologist/anthropologist of her time, Dunja Rihtman-Augustin (recently deceased) offers a critical overview of her country's ethnological tradition and its developments. Within ten essays, this book (compiled and completed by Jasna Capo Zmegac) sheds light on a series of research questions and problems, and makes crucial remarks regarding the relationship between ethnology and politics. The volume provides exceptional insight not only into Croatian ethnology but also into the key ruptures in Croatian society in general.

Learning Democracy In School And Society Education Lifelong Learning And The Politics Of Citizenship

Learning Democracy in School and Society  Education  Lifelong Learning  and the Politics of Citizenship PDF
Author: Gert J.J. Biesta
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9460915124
Size: 38.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 104
View: 6709

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This book explores the relationships between education, lifelong learning and democratic citizenship. It emphasises the importance of the democratic quality of the processes and practices that make up the everyday lives of children, young people and adults for their ongoing formation as democratic citizens. The book combines theoretical and historical work with critical analysis of policies and wider developments in the field of citizenship education and civic learning. The book urges educators, educationalists, policy makers and politicians to move beyond an exclusive focus on the teaching of citizenship towards an outlook that acknowledges the ongoing processes and practices of civic learning in school and society. This is not only important in order to understand the complexities of such learning. It can also help to formulate more realistic expectations about what schools and other educational institutions can contribute to the promotion of democratic citizenship. The book is particularly suited for students, researchers and policy makers who have an interest in citizenship education, civic learning and the relationships between education, lifelong learning and democratic citizenship. Gert Biesta (www.gertbiesta.com) is Professor of Education at the School of Education, University of Stirling, UK.

The Context Of Redd In The Lao People S Democratic Republic Drivers Agents And Institutions

The context of REDD  in the Lao People   s Democratic Republic  Drivers  agents and institutions PDF
Author: Guillaume Lestrelin
Publisher: CIFOR
ISBN: 6021504127
Size: 22.78 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Deforestation
Languages : en
Pages : 52
View: 800

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This report explores the drivers (both direct and indirect) of deforestation and forest degradation and discusses the political, economic and social opportunities and constraints that will influence the design and implementation of REDD+ in Laos. The government of Laos has long sought to curb deforestation and forest degradation, and the country is receiving considerable international attention and support to implement REDD+. However, agricultural expansion, the development of industrial tree plantations, and large hydropower, mining and infrastructure projects continue to result in deforestation, with shifting cultivation and selective logging (legal and illegal) largely blamed for forest degradation. At the same time, indirect drivers of deforestation and forest degradation are rooted in a national agenda of economic growth, characterized by incentives for foreign and domestic investment in forest management and timber harvesting. As a result, Laos is becoming an important resource frontier for transnational capital and large-scale land and natural resource investments. The consequent intensification of competition for resources poses a challenge not only for forest governance, but also for the development of REDD+ policies and initiatives. In an examination of the institutions and policies defining Laos’ forestry sector and REDD+, the report reflects on lessons to be learned from past forestry and economic development policies. The government of Laos has demonstrated strong political interest in REDD+, but REDD+ implementation faces major obstacles, particularly unclear carbon rights and weak governance, with the latter attributable to poor local capacity, weak coordination among stakeholders, and minimal involvement by local communities and civil society. The report makes several recommendations for achieving effective, efficient and equitable outcomes of REDD+ in Laos: capacity building of administrative and technical staff, especially at the subnational level; clarification and harmonization of land-use planning and land allocation processes; and stronger monitoring and law enforcement in areas under high threat of deforestation and forest degradation. Furthermore, an accountable and transparent mechanism for sharing the benefits of REDD+ across levels and fully accountable consultation processes must be implemented, with the participation of not only elite and powerful actors such as domestic and foreign businesses but also local groups and civil society.

The Lao People S Democratic Republic Systemic Transformation And Adjustment

The Lao People s Democratic Republic   Systemic Transformation and Adjustment PDF
Author: Jonathan G. Anderson
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 9781557755605
Size: 50.88 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Economic development
Languages : en
Pages : 70
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Faced with a steadily worsening economy, the government of the Lao Peoples Democratic Republic took its first steps toward reforming its centrally planned economy in December 1979. The reform process gathered momentum with the introduction of the New Economic Mechanism in 1985, as the authorities began a series of far-reaching policy reforms in virtually all economic areas. This paper provides a much-needed overview of the Lao P.D.R.'s experience with systemic transformation and macroeconomic adjustments in recent years and highlights challenges that the country is likely to face in the coming years.

Problems Of Democratization In China

Problems of Democratization in China PDF
Author: Thomas G. Lum
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317734025
Size: 78.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 210
View: 2272

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First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Responsible Governance

Responsible Governance PDF
Author: Steven G. Koven
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
ISBN: 0765629321
Size: 50.32 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 1773

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Chinese Democracy And The Crisis Of 1989

Chinese Democracy and the Crisis of 1989 PDF
Author: Roger V. DesForges
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438400896
Size: 70.56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 380
View: 4229

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This study examines the process of democratization in China, taking as a focal point the recent crisis of 1989 in Tiananmen Square, but providing broader historical perspectives from both Chinese and American scholars. The authors evaluate China’s political heritage, from theories of despotism in Chinese civilization to evidence for China’s own democratic traditions. They also analyze the more recent political and social crises of the 1980s leading to the massive urban demonstrations in the spring of 1989, with the conflicts that have divided the rural masses, the state, the army, the cultural elite, and the media in China; and they discuss what these events tell us about China’s cultural and political future.

Democratic Reason

Democratic Reason PDF
Author: Hélène Landemore
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 140084553X
Size: 29.74 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 304
View: 2042

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Individual decision making can often be wrong due to misinformation, impulses, or biases. Collective decision making, on the other hand, can be surprisingly accurate. In Democratic Reason, Hélène Landemore demonstrates that the very factors behind the superiority of collective decision making add up to a strong case for democracy. She shows that the processes and procedures of democratic decision making form a cognitive system that ensures that decisions taken by the many are more likely to be right than decisions taken by the few. Democracy as a form of government is therefore valuable not only because it is legitimate and just, but also because it is smart. Landemore considers how the argument plays out with respect to two main mechanisms of democratic politics: inclusive deliberation and majority rule. In deliberative settings, the truth-tracking properties of deliberation are enhanced more by inclusiveness than by individual competence. Landemore explores this idea in the contexts of representative democracy and the selection of representatives. She also discusses several models for the "wisdom of crowds" channeled by majority rule, examining the trade-offs between inclusiveness and individual competence in voting. When inclusive deliberation and majority rule are combined, they beat less inclusive methods, in which one person or a small group decide. Democratic Reason thus establishes the superiority of democracy as a way of making decisions for the common good.

Civil Society Citizenship And Learning

Civil Society  Citizenship and Learning PDF
Author: Agnieszka Bron
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 9783825853242
Size: 40.60 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 313
View: 6656

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" Writing the story of democracy might seem like writing a story of success. In more and more countries all over the world democracy has been established as the leading form of government. However, democracy also has a less positive and optimistic side. Political scandals and corruption continue to shatter people's trust in its promises and institutions. This brings us to the topic of active democratic citizenship and civil society. Since the late 1980s these topics have continued to rise in importance in the fields of social and political sciences, and their influence has yet to reach a peak. In comparison, civil society and citizenship remain relatively new topics for adult education, dating to the beginning of the 1990s. We also see that the respective national discourses within the different European countries differ immensely. Whereas the discourse on adult education and active democratic citizenship is quite lively in Great Britain or in Poland, in Germany there is only very little interest. ""Civil Society, Citizenship and Learning"", the second volume of the Bochum Studies in International Adult Education, presents a variety of different perspectives on the topics of citizenship and civil society. The goal of this book is to give an overview of the European discourse on citizenship and civil society as well as on the discourse in some selected countries. Agnieszka Bron ist Professorin am Institut für Pädagogik der Universität Bochum. "

South Korean Democracy

South Korean Democracy PDF
Author: Georgy Katsiaficas
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136759239
Size: 24.92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 216
View: 1783

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This new book offers a retrospective appraisal of the Gwangju Uprising by academics, activists and artists from Gwangju, Korea. In 1980, South Koreans took to the streets to demand democracy. When the military threatened brutal suppression of the popular movement, only in Gwangju did people refuse to submit. After horrific bloodshed, the citizens of Gwangju drove the military out of the city and held their liberated space for a week. As a "beautiful community" emerged, newspapers were published, hundreds of thousands of people congregated in popular assemblies, and the city’s life gave new meaning to democracy. Although crushed by overwhelming military force, Gwangju’s example inspired the eventual overthrow of the military dictatorship and ushered in a new democratic wave in East Asia. Providing a detailed analysis of the events of the Gwangju uprising, this new volume traces the birth of South Korean democracy in Gwangju’s stubborn refusal to accept life without freedom. The book also focuses on the socio-economic background, the role of women in the uprising, issues of collective identity and the international significance of the revolt. Scholars and researchers of South Asian politics, social movements, history, democracy and development studies will find this volume to be of keen interest.

Ageing Populations In Post Industrial Democracies

Ageing Populations in Post Industrial Democracies PDF
Author: Pieter Vanhuysse
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136598774
Size: 57.79 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 296
View: 7627

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Most advanced democracies are currently experiencing accelerated population ageing, which fundamentally changes not just their demographic composition; it can also be expected to have far-reaching political and policy consequences. This volume brings together an expert set of scholars from Europe and North America to investigate generational politics and public policies within an approach explicitly focusing on comparative political science. This theoretically unified text examines changing electoral policy demands due to demographic ageing, and features analysis of USA, UK, Japan, Germany, Italy and all major EU countries. As the first sustained political science analysis of population ageing, this monograph examines both sides of the debate. It examines the actions of the state against the interests of a growing elderly voting bloc to safeguard fiscal viability, and looks at highly-topical responses such as pension cuts and increasing retirement age. It also examines the rise of ‘grey parties’, and asks what, if anything, makes such pensioner parties persist over time, in the first ever analysis of the emergence of pensioner parties in Europe. Ageing Populations in Post-Industrial Democracies will be of interest to students and scholars of European politics, and to those studying electoral and social policy reform. Official publication date 1st January 2012.