Stochastic And Statistical Methods In Hydrology And Environmental Engineering

Stochastic and Statistical Methods in Hydrology and Environmental Engineering PDF
Author: Keith W. Hipel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401110727
Size: 77.86 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 372
View: 4782

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Objectives The current global environmental crisis has reinforced the need for developing flexible mathematical models to obtain a better understanding of environmental problems so that effective remedial action can be taken. Because natural phenomena occurring in hydrology and environmental engineering usually behave in random and probabilistic fashions, stochastic and statistical models have major roles to play in the protection and restoration of our natural environment. Consequently, the main objective of this edited volume is to present some of the most up-to-date and promising approaches to stochastic and statistical modelling, especially with respect to groundwater and surface water applications. Contents As shown in the Table of Contents, the book is subdivided into the following main parts: GENERAL ISSUES PART I PART II GROUNDWATER PART III SURFACE WATER PART IV STOCHASTIC OPTIMIZATION PART V MOMENT ANALYSIS PART VI OTHER TOPICS Part I raises some thought-provoking issues about probabilistic modelling of hydro logical and environmental systems. The first two papers in Part I are, in fact, keynote papers delivered at an international environmetrics conference held at the University of Waterloo in June, 1993, in honour of Professor T. E. Unny. In his keynote pa per, Dr. S. J. Burges of the University of Washington places into perspective the historical and future roles of stochastic modelling in hydrology and environmental engineering. Additionally, Dr. Burges stresses the need for developing a sound scien tific basis for the field of hydrology. Professor P. E.

Stochastic And Statistical Methods In Hydrology And Environmental Engineering Stochastic And Statistical Modelling With Groundwater And Surface Water Applications

Stochastic and Statistical Methods in Hydrology and Environmental Engineering  Stochastic and statistical modelling with groundwater and surface water applications PDF
Author: Keith W. Hipel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792327578
Size: 12.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 372
View: 3728

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World renowned scientists present valuable contributions to stochastic and statistical modelling of groundwater and surface water systems. The philosophy of probabilistic modelling in the hydrological sciences is put into proper perspective and the importance of stochastic differential equations in the environmental sciences is explained and illustrated. The new research ideas put forward in groundwater modelling will assist decision makers in tackling challenging problems such as controlling pollution of underground aquifers and obtaining adequate water supplies. Additionally, different types of stochastic models are used in modelling a range of interesting surface water problems. Other topics covered in this landmark volume include stochastic optimization, moment analysis, carbon dioxide modelling and rainfall prediction. Audience The book is of interest to researchers, teachers, students and practitioners who wish to be at the leading edge of stochastic and statistical modelling in the environmental sciences.

Groundwater Recharge From Run Off Infiltration And Percolation

Groundwater Recharge from Run off  Infiltration and Percolation PDF
Author: K.-P. Seiler
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402053053
Size: 78.74 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 248
View: 1625

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To face the threats to the water supply and to maintain sustainable water management policies, detailed knowledge is needed on the surface-to-subsurface transformation link in the water cycle. Recharge flux is covered in this book as well as many other groundwater issues, including a comparison of the traditional and modern approaches to determine groundwater recharge. The authors also explain in detail the fate of groundwater recharge in the subsurface by hydraulic and geologic means, in order to stimulate adapted groundwater-management strategies.

Rare Earth Elements In Groundwater Flow Systems

Rare Earth Elements in Groundwater Flow Systems PDF
Author: Karen H. Johannesson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402032332
Size: 21.62 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 297
View: 6509

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This is the first book of its kind to focus on the geochemistry of the lanthanide series elements in groundwater/aquifer environments. The contributors are leading researchers in the study of low-temperature geochemistry of rare earth elements. Individual chapters address analytical techniques, water-rock interactions, aqueous complexation, and the reactions and processes that influence these heavy metals along groundwater flow paths.

Entropy Based Parameter Estimation In Hydrology

Entropy Based Parameter Estimation in Hydrology PDF
Author: V.P. Singh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401714312
Size: 64.95 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 368
View: 5587

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Since the pioneering work of Shannon in the late 1940's on the development of the theory of entropy and the landmark contributions of Jaynes a decade later leading to the development of the principle of maximum entropy (POME), the concept of entropy has been increasingly applied in a wide spectrum of areas, including chemistry, electronics and communications engineering, data acquisition and storage and retreival, data monitoring network design, ecology, economics, environmental engineering, earth sciences, fluid mechanics, genetics, geology, geomorphology, geophysics, geotechnical engineering, hydraulics, hydrology, image processing, management sciences, operations research, pattern recognition and identification, photogrammetry, psychology, physics and quantum mechanics, reliability analysis, reservoir engineering, statistical mechanics, thermodynamics, topology, transportation engineering, turbulence modeling, and so on. New areas finding application of entropy have since continued to unfold. The entropy concept is indeed versatile and its applicability widespread. In the area of hydrology and water resources, a range of applications of entropy have been reported during the past three decades or so. This book focuses on parameter estimation using entropy for a number of distributions frequently used in hydrology. In the entropy-based parameter estimation the distribution parameters are expressed in terms of the given information, called constraints. Thus, the method lends itself to a physical interpretation of the parameters. Because the information to be specified usually constitutes sufficient statistics for the distribution under consideration, the entropy method provides a quantitative way to express the information contained in the distribution.

Distributed Hydrologic Modeling Using Gis

Distributed Hydrologic Modeling Using GIS PDF
Author: Baxter E. Vieux
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401597103
Size: 67.69 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 296
View: 4536

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During ten years serving with the USDA Soil Conservation Service (SCS), now known as the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), I became amazed at how millions of dollars in contract monies were spent based on simplistic hydrologic models. As project engineer in western Kansas, I was responsible for building flood control dams (authorized under Public Law 566) in the Wet Walnut River watershed. This watershed is within the Arkansas-Red River basin, as is the Illinois River basin referred to extensively in this book. After building nearly 18 of these structures, I became Assistant State Engineer in Michigan and, for a short time, State Engineer for NRCS. Again, we based our entire design and construction program on simplified relationships variously referred to as the SCS method. I recall announcing that I was going to pursue a doctoral degree and develop a new hydrologic model. One of my agency's chief engineers remarked, "Oh no, not another model!" Since then, I hope that I have not built just another model but have significantly advanced the state of hydrologic modeling for both researchers and practitioners. Using distributed hydrologic techniques described in this book, I also hope one day to forecast the response of the dams I built.

Water Supply Management

Water Supply Management PDF
Author: D. Stephenson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401151318
Size: 30.27 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 308
View: 720

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Supply of sufficient clean drinking water is often taken for granted, but it requires a considerable technical and financial effort to ensure reliable and economic water supply. This volume presents an up-to-date overview of water supply management and aims at efficient management of water supply schemes rather than design of new works. Various chapters of the book are devoted to water demands, management of reservoirs and conjunctive use of alternative sources. Asset management and loss control are also considered. Water quality and provision of water to developing communities are also discussed. Water supply management is of concern to developed urban environments as well as developing communities. The book will be equally valuable to the practising water engineer and the newcomer or graduate student in the subject.

Hydrogeology Of Crystalline Rocks

Hydrogeology of Crystalline Rocks PDF
Author: I. Stober
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401718164
Size: 69.80 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 278
View: 6832

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Hydrogeology of Crystalline Rocks deals with deep groundwater in the granite and gneiss basement of the continents. It has become evident during the past years that highly mineralized water is present in an interconnected fracture network of the basement. Thus, the upper part of the crust of the continents can be viewed as an aquifer and investigated with tools common in hydrogeology. This book presents accounts on water-conducting features of crystalline rocks and summarizes the hydraulic properties of the basement. The volume includes reviews, new data and research on the often remarkable chemical composition of deep groundwater. Microbial processes in the deep basement aquifer are probably more important than previously thought. Two contributions focus on this recent extension of research of the biosphere to greater depth in the Earth. This book represents the first multidisciplinary and integrated account of deep groundwater hydrology in crystalline basement. It is of interest to hydrologists and hydrogeologists working with water in crystalline rocks, but also to solid earth geophysicists, geochemists and petrologists with an interest in fluids in the crust. Scientists involved in nuclear waste disposal programs and geothermal energy development will find a wealth of stimulating ideas in this volume.

Subsurface Water Hydrology

Subsurface Water Hydrology PDF
Author: Vijay Singh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9780792336518
Size: 70.49 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 275
View: 6276

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Water is vital to life, maintenance of ecological balance, economic development, and sustenance of civilization. Planning and management of water resources and its optimal use are a matter of urgency for most countries of the world, and even more so for India with a huge population. Growing population and expanding economic activities exert increasing demands on water for varied needs--domestic, industrial, agricultural, power generation, navigation, recreation, etc. In India, agriculture is the highest user of water. The past three decades have witnessed numerous advances as well as have presented intriguing challenges and exciting opportunities in hydrology and water resources. Compounding them has been the growing environmental consciousness. Nowhere are these challenges more apparent than in India. As we approach the twenty first century, it is entirely fitting to take stock of what has been accomplished and what remains to be accomplished, and what accomplishments are relevant, with particular reference to Indian conditions.

Bulletin

Bulletin PDF
Author: World Meteorological Organization
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 69.81 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Meteorology
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 7174

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University Of Michigan Official Publication

University of Michigan Official Publication PDF
Author: University of Michigan
Publisher: UM Libraries
ISBN:
Size: 20.17 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Education, Higher
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 3970

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Each number is the catalogue of a specific school or college of the University.