Statistical Mechanics Of Disordered Systems

Statistical Mechanics of Disordered Systems PDF
Author: Anton Bovier
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521849918
Size: 59.62 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 312
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A self-contained 2006 graduate-level introduction to the statistical mechanics of disordered systems. In three parts, the book treats basic statistical mechanics; disordered lattice spin systems; and latest developments in the mathematical understanding of mean-field spin glass models. It assumes basic knowledge of classical physics and working knowledge of graduate-level probability theory.

Statistical Mechanics Of Classical And Disordered Systems

Statistical Mechanics of Classical and Disordered Systems PDF
Author: Véronique Gayrard
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030290778
Size: 22.97 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 279
View: 7517

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These proceedings of the conference Advances in Statistical Mechanics, held in Marseille, France, August 2018, focus on fundamental issues of equilibrium and non-equilibrium dynamics for classical mechanical systems, as well as on open problems in statistical mechanics related to probability, mathematical physics, computer science, and biology. Statistical mechanics, as envisioned more than a century ago by Boltzmann, Maxwell and Gibbs, has recently undergone stunning twists and developments which have turned this old discipline into one of the most active areas of truly interdisciplinary and cutting-edge research. The contributions to this volume, with their rather unique blend of rigorous mathematics and applications, outline the state-of-the-art of this success story in key subject areas of equilibrium and non-equilibrium classical and quantum statistical mechanics of both disordered and non-disordered systems. Aimed at researchers in the broad field of applied modern probability theory, this book, and in particular the review articles, will also be of interest to graduate students looking for a gentle introduction to active topics of current research.

Statistical Physics Of Fracture And Breakdown In Disordered Systems

Statistical Physics of Fracture and Breakdown in Disordered Systems PDF
Author: Bikas K. Chakrabarti
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198520566
Size: 39.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 161
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Under extreme conditions the mechanical or electrical properties of solids tend to destabilize, leading to failure or breakdown. These instabilities often nucleate or spread from disorders in the structure of the solid. This book by two experts in the field investigates current techniques for modeling these failure and breakdown processes. It illustrates the basic modeling principles through a series of computer and laboratory simulations and `table top' experiments. The book centers on three important case studies: electrical failures like fuse and dielectric breakdown; mechanical fractures; and earthquakes, which exhibit dynamic failure. The material will interest all graduate students and researchers studying disordered systems, whether their focus is the mechanical failure of solids, the electrical breakdown of conductors, or earthquake mechanics.

Topics In Disordered Systems

Topics in Disordered Systems PDF
Author: Charles M. Newman
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3034889127
Size: 40.22 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 88
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Disordered systems are statistical mechanics models in random environments. This lecture notes volume concerns the equilibrium properties of a few carefully chosen examples of disordered Ising models. The approach is that of probability theory and mathematical physics, but the subject matter is of interest also to condensed matter physicists, material scientists, applied mathematicians and theoretical computer scientists. (The two main types of systems considered are disordered ferromagnets and spin glasses. The emphasis is on questions concerning the number of ground states (at zero temperature) or the number of pure Gibbs states (at nonzero temperature). A recurring theme is that these questions are connected to interesting issues concerning percolation and related models of geometric/combinatorial probability. One question treated at length concerns the low temperature behavior of short-range spin glasses: whether and in what sense Parisi's analysis of the meanfield (or "infinite-range") model is relevant. Closely related is the more general conceptual issue of how to approach the thermodynamic (i.e., infinite volume) limit in systems which may have many complex competing states. This issue has been addressed in recent joint work by the author and Dan Stein and the book provides a mathematically coherent presentation of their approach.)

Advances In Disordered Systems Random Processes And Some Applications

Advances in Disordered Systems  Random Processes and Some Applications PDF
Author: Pierluigi Contucci
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107124107
Size: 75.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 380
View: 5261

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This book offers a unified perspective on the study of complex systems with contributions written by leading scientists from various disciplines, including mathematics, physics, computer science, biology, economics and social science. It is written for researchers from a broad range of scientific fields with an interest in recent developments in complex systems.

Non Equilibrium Statistical Physics With Application To Disordered Systems

Non equilibrium Statistical Physics with Application to Disordered Systems PDF
Author: Manuel Osvaldo Cáceres
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319515535
Size: 28.97 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 556
View: 987

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This textbook is the result of the enhancement of several courses on non-equilibrium statistics, stochastic processes, stochastic differential equations, anomalous diffusion and disorder. The target audience includes students of physics, mathematics, biology, chemistry, and engineering at undergraduate and graduate level with a grasp of the basic elements of mathematics and physics of the fourth year of a typical undergraduate course. The little-known physical and mathematical concepts are described in sections and specific exercises throughout the text, as well as in appendices. Physical-mathematical motivation is the main driving force for the development of this text. It presents the academic topics of probability theory and stochastic processes as well as new educational aspects in the presentation of non-equilibrium statistical theory and stochastic differential equations.. In particular it discusses the problem of irreversibility in that context and the dynamics of Fokker-Planck. An introduction on fluctuations around metastable and unstable points are given. It also describes relaxation theory of non-stationary Markov periodic in time systems. The theory of finite and infinite transport in disordered networks, with a discussion of the issue of anomalous diffusion is introduced. Further, it provides the basis for establishing the relationship between quantum aspects of the theory of linear response and the calculation of diffusion coefficients in amorphous systems.

New Trends In Statistical Physics Of Complex Systems

New Trends in Statistical Physics of Complex Systems PDF
Author: Antonio Scarfone
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783038974703
Size: 16.79 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Electronic books
Languages : en
Pages : 1
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A topical research activity in statistical physics concerns the study of complex and disordered systems. Generally, these systems are characterized by an elevated level of interconnection and interaction between the parts so that they give rise to a rich structure in the phase space that self-organizes under the control of internal non-linear dynamics. These emergent collective dynamics confer new behaviours to the whole system that are no longer the direct consequence of the properties of the single parts, but rather characterize the whole system as a new entity with its own features, giving rise to the birth of new phenomenologies. As is highlighted in this collection of papers, the methodologies of statistical physics have become very promising in understanding these new phenomena. This volume groups together 12 research works showing the use of typical tools developed within the framework of statistical mechanics, in non-linear kinetic and information geometry, to investigate emerging features in complex physical and physical-like systems.

Thermodynamics And Statistical Mechanics Of Small Systems

Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics of Small Systems PDF
Author: A. Vulpiani
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783038970583
Size: 37.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
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A challenging frontier in modern statistical physics concerns systems with a small number of degrees of freedom, far from the thermodynamic limit. Beyond the general interest in the foundation of statistical mechanics, the relevance of this subject is due to the recent increase of resolution in the observation and manipulation of biological and man-made objects at micro- and nano-scales. A peculiar feature of small systems is the role played by fluctuations, which cannot be neglected and are responsible for many non-trivial behaviors. The study of fluctuations of thermodynamic quantities, such as energy or entropy, goes back to Einstein, Onsager, and Kubo; more recently, interest in this matter has grown with the establishment of new fluctuation-dissipation relations, and of so-called stochastic thermodynamics. This turning point has received a strong impulse from the study of systems that are far from the thermodynamic equilibrium, due to very long relaxation times, as in disordered systems, or due to the presence of external forcing and dissipation, as in granular or active matter. Applications of the thermodynamic and statistical mechanics of small systems range from molecular biology to micro-mechanics, including models of nano-transport, Brownian motors, and (living or artificial) self-propelled organisms.

Statistical Mechanics And The Physics Of Many Particle Model Systems

Statistical Mechanics And The Physics Of Many particle Model Systems PDF
Author: Kuzemsky Alexander Leonidovich
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 981314565X
Size: 56.50 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 1260
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The book is devoted to the study of the correlation effects in many-particle systems. It presents the advanced methods of quantum statistical mechanics (equilibrium and nonequilibrium), and shows their effectiveness and operational ability in applications to problems of quantum solid-state theory, quantum theory of magnetism and the kinetic theory. The book includes description of the fundamental concepts and techniques of analysis following the approach of N N Bogoliubov's school, including recent developments. It provides an overview that introduces the main notions of quantum many-particle physics with the emphasis on concepts and models. This book combines the features of textbook and research monograph. For many topics the aim is to start from the beginning and to guide the reader to the threshold of advanced researches. Many chapters include also additional information and discuss many complex research areas which are not often discussed in other places. The book is useful for established researchers to organize and present the advanced material disseminated in the literature. The book contains also an extensive bibliography. The book serves undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate students, as well as researchers who have had prior experience with the subject matter at a more elementary level or have used other many-particle techniques.

Statistical Mechanics Of Solids

Statistical Mechanics of Solids PDF
Author: Louis A. Girifalco
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0195167171
Size: 72.99 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 544
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This monograph, suitable for use as an advanced text, presents the statistical mechanics of solids from the perspective of the material properties of the solid state. The statistical mechanics are developed as a tool for understanding properties and each chapter includes useful exercises to illustrate the topics covered. Topics discussed include the theory of the harmonic crystal, the theory of free electrons in metal and semiconductors, electron transport, alloy ordering, surfaces and polymers.

Statistical Mechanics Of Learning

Statistical Mechanics of Learning PDF
Author: A. Engel
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521774796
Size: 20.62 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 329
View: 5231

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Learning is one of the things that humans do naturally, and it has always been a challenge for us to understand the process. Nowadays this challenge has another dimension as we try to build machines that are able to learn and to undertake tasks such as datamining, image processing and pattern recognition. We can formulate a simple framework, artificial neural networks, in which learning from examples may be described and understood. The contribution to this subject made over the last decade by researchers applying the techniques of statistical mechanics is the subject of this book. The authors provide a coherent account of various important concepts and techniques that are currently only found scattered in papers, supplement this with background material in mathematics and physics and include many examples and exercises to make a book that can be used with courses, or for self-teaching, or as a handy reference.

The Physics Of Disordered Systems

The physics of disordered systems PDF
Author: Gautam I Menon
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9386279517
Size: 11.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 186
View: 6406

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Disordered systems are ubiquitous in nature and their study remains a profound and challenging subject of current research. Ideas and methods from the physics of Disordered systems have been fruitfully applied to several fields ranging from computer science to neuroscience. This book contains a selection of lectures delivered at the 'SERC School on Disordered Systems', spanning topics from classic results to frontier areas of research in this field. Spin glasses, disordered Ising models, quantum disordered systems, structural glasses, dilute magnets, interfaces in random field systems and disordered vortex systems are among the topics discussed in the text, in chapters authored by active researchers in the field, including Bikas Chakrabarti, Arnab Das, Deepak Kumar, Gautam Menon, G. Ravikumar, Purusattam Ray, Srikanth Sastry and Prabodh Shukla. This book provides a gentle and comprehensive introduction to the physics of disordered systems and is aimed at graduate students and young scientists either working in or intending to enter this exciting field. It should also serve as a general reference for students and practicing researchers alike.