Philosophical And Scientific Perspectives On Downward Causation

Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives on Downward Causation PDF
Author: Michele Paolini Paoletti
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317271432
Size: 11.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 334
View: 5203

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Downward causation plays a fundamental role in many theories of metaphysics and philosophy of mind. It is strictly connected with many topics in philosophy, including but not limited to: emergence, mental causation, the nature of causation, the nature of causal powers and dispositions, laws of nature, and the possibility of ontological and epistemic reductions. Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives on Downward Causation brings together experts from different fields—including William Bechtel, Stewart Clark and Tom Lancaster, Carl Gillett, John Heil, Robin F. Hendry, Max Kistler, Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum —who delve into classic and unexplored lines of philosophical inquiry related to downward causation. It critically assesses the possibility of downward causation given different ontological assumptions and explores the connection between downward causation and the metaphysics of causation and dispositions. Finally, it presents different cases of downward causation in empirical fields such as physics, chemistry, biology and the neurosciences. This volume is both a useful introduction and a collection of original contributions on this fascinating and hotly debated philosophical topic.

Philosophy Of Mind

Philosophy of Mind PDF
Author: John Heil
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429015984
Size: 16.55 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 264
View: 7705

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The book is intended as a reader-friendly introduction to issues in the philosophy of mind, including mental–physical causal interaction, computational models of thought, the relation minds bear to brains, and assorted -isms: behaviorism, dualism, eliminativism, emergentism, functionalism, materialism, neutral monism, and panpsychism. The Fourth Edition reintroduces a chapter on Donald Davidson and a discussion of ‘Non-Cartesian Dualism’, along with a wholly new chapter on emergence and panpsychism. A concluding chapter draws together material in earlier chapters and offers what the author regards as a plausible account of the mind’s place in nature. Suggested readings at the conclusion of each chapter have been updated, with a focus on accessible, non-technical material. Key Features of the Fourth Edition Includes a new chapter, 'Emergence and Panpsychism' (Chapter 13), reflecting growing interest in these areas Reintroduces and updates a chapter on Donald Davidson, 'Radical Interpretation' (Chapter 8), which was excised from the previous edition Updates 'Descartes' Legacy' (Chapter 3) to include a discussion of E. J. Lowe's arresting 'Non-Cartesian Dualism', also removed from the previous edition Includes a highly revised final chapter, which draws together much of the previous material and sketches a plausible account of the mind’s place in nature Updated 'Suggested Reading' lists at the end of each chapter

Metaphysics

Metaphysics PDF
Author: Anna Marmodoro
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190941634
Size: 43.59 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 4514

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This volume introduces readers to a selected number of core issues in metaphysics that have been central in the history of philosophy and remain foundational to contemporary debates, that is: substances; properties; modality and essence; causality; determinism and free will. Anna Marmodoro and Erasmus Mayr take a neo-Aristotelian approach both in the selection and presentation of the topics. But Marmodoro and Mayr's discussion is not narrowly partisan-it consistently presents opposing sides of the debate and addresses issues from different philosophical traditions, and encourages readers to draw their own conclusions about them. Metaphysics combines a state-of-the-art presentation of the issues that takes into account the most recent developments in the field, with extensive references to the history of philosophy. The book thus makes topics in contemporary analytical metaphysics easily accessible to readers who have no specific background in contemporary philosophy, but rather in the history of philosophy. At the same time, it will engage readers who do not have any historical background with some key developments within the history of the subject.

Scientific Perspectives On Divine Action

Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action PDF
Author: Robert J. Russell
Publisher: Libreria Editrice Vaticana
ISBN:
Size: 57.18 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 354
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Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action: Twenty Years of Challenge and Progress is a collection of thirteen essays assessing the scholarly contributions to the Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action series, which is comprised of five volumes resulting from international research conferences co-sponsored by the Vatican Observatory and the Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences between 1991 and 2000. The overarching goal of the series is to advance the engagement of constructive theology with the natural sciences with special attention to the theme of divine action and to investigate the philosophical and theological elements within science. This volume is divided into three sections: In Section One, contributors review the history of the series and the development of new research methodology and discuss philosophical issues raised by the laws of nature and the limits of science; in Section Two, authors provide philosophical analysis of specific issues in the series; and in Section Three, contributors offer theological analyses of specific issues. The five volumes in the series include: Quantum Cosmology and the Laws of Nature (vol. 1, 1993); Chaos and Complexity (vol. 2, 1995); Molecular and Evolutionary Biology (vol. 3, 1998); Neuroscience and the Person (vol. 4, 1999); and Quantum Mechanics (vol. 5, 2001), and are distributed by University of Notre Dame Press.

Downward Causation And The Neurobiology Of Free Will

Downward Causation and the Neurobiology of Free Will PDF
Author: Nancey Murphy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642032044
Size: 27.16 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 291
View: 1103

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How is free will possible in the light of the physical and chemical underpinnings of brain activity and recent neurobiological experiments? How can the emergence of complexity in hierarchical systems such as the brain, based at the lower levels in physical interactions, lead to something like genuine free will? The nature of our understanding of free will in the light of present-day neuroscience is becoming increasingly important because of remarkable discoveries on the topic being made by neuroscientists at the present time, on the one hand, and its crucial importance for the way we view ourselves as human beings, on the other. A key tool in understanding how free will may arise in this context is the idea of downward causation in complex systems, happening coterminously with bottom up causation, to form an integral whole. Top-down causation is usually neglected, and is therefore emphasized in the other part of the book’s title. The concept is explored in depth, as are the ethical and legal implications of our understanding of free will. This book arises out of a workshop held in California in April of 2007, which was chaired by Dr. Christof Koch. It was unusual in terms of the breadth of people involved: they included physicists, neuroscientists, psychiatrists, philosophers, and theologians. This enabled the meeting, and hence the resulting book, to attain a rather broader perspective on the issue than is often attained at academic symposia. The book includes contributions by Sarah-Jayne Blakemore, George F. R. Ellis , Christopher D. Frith, Mark Hallett, David Hodgson, Owen D. Jones, Alicia Juarrero, J. A. Scott Kelso, Christof Koch, Hans Küng, Hakwan C. Lau, Dean Mobbs, Nancey Murphy, William Newsome, Timothy O’Connor, Sean A.. Spence, and Evan Thompson.

Mind And Life

Mind and Life PDF
Author: Pier Luigi Luisi
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231529708
Size: 48.45 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 232
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Scientists, philosophers and Buddhist scholars discuss the nature of reality in a book that goes inside a Mind and Life Institute conference. For over a decade, members of the Mind and Life Institute have gathered to discuss questions that are both fundamental and profound: can physics, chemistry, and biology explain the mystery of life? How do our philosophical assumptions influence science and the ethics we bring to biotechnology? And how does an ancient spiritual tradition throw new light on these questions? In Mind and Life, Pier Luigi Luisi reproduces this stimulating cross-cultural dialogue in which world-class scientists, philosophers, and Buddhist scholars develop a holistic approach to the exploration of reality. He also adds scientific background to their presentations, as well as supplementary discussions with prominent participants and attendees. Interviews with His Holiness the Karmapa, the Buddhist monk Matthieu Ricard, and the actor and longtime human rights advocate Richard Gere further enrich the material with personal viewpoints. Conversation topics range from the origin of matter to the nature of evolution, the ethics of genetic manipulation, and the question of consciousness and ethics.

Philosophy Science And Divine Action

Philosophy  Science and Divine Action PDF
Author: Fount LeRon Shults
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004177876
Size: 65.95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 443
View: 668

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One of the most important and controversial themes in the contemporary dialogue among scientists and Christian theologians is the issue of "divine action" in the world. This volume brings together contributions from leading scholars on this topic, which emerged out of the Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action project, co-sponsored by the Vatican Observatory and the Center for Theology and Natural Science. This multi-year collaboration involved over 50 authors meeting at five international conferences. The essays collected here demonstrate the pervasive role of philosophy in this dialogue.

Naturalism And Normativity

Naturalism and Normativity PDF
Author: Mario De Caro
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231508875
Size: 33.35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 376
View: 6284

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Normativity concerns what we ought to think or do and the evaluations we make. For example, we say that we ought to think consistently, we ought to keep our promises, or that Mozart is a better composer than Salieri. Yet what philosophical moral can we draw from the apparent absence of normativity in the scientific image of the world? For scientific naturalists, the moral is that the normative must be reduced to the nonnormative, while for nonnaturalists, the moral is that there must be a transcendent realm of norms. Naturalism and Normativity engages with both sides of this debate. Essays explore philosophical options for understanding normativity in the space between scientific naturalism and Platonic supernaturalism. They articulate a liberal conception of philosophy that is neither reducible to the sciences nor completely independent of them yet one that maintains the right to call itself naturalism. Contributors think in new ways about the relations among the scientific worldview, our experience of norms and values, and our movements in the space of reason. Detailed discussions include the relationship between philosophy and science, physicalism and ontological pluralism, the realm of the ordinary, objectivity and subjectivity, truth and justification, and the liberal naturalisms of Donald Davidson, John Dewey, John McDowell, and Ludwig Wittgenstein.

The Oxford Handbook Of Culture And Psychology

The Oxford Handbook of Culture and Psychology PDF
Author: Jaan Valsiner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199366225
Size: 37.99 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 1136
View: 7049

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The goal of cultural psychology is to explain the ways in which human cultural constructions -- for example, rituals, stereotypes, and meanings -- organize and direct human acting, feeling, and thinking in different social contexts. A rapidly growing, international field of scholarship, cultural psychology is ready for an interdisciplinary, primary resource. Linking psychology, anthropology, sociology, archaeology, and history, The Oxford Handbook of Culture and Psychology is the quintessential volume that unites the variable perspectives from these disciplines. Comprised of over fifty contributed chapters, this book provides a necessary, comprehensive overview of contemporary cultural psychology. Bridging psychological, sociological, and anthropological perspectives, one will find in this handbook: - A concise history of psychology that includes valuable resources for innovation in psychology in general and cultural psychology in particular - Interdisciplinary chapters including insights into cultural anthropology, cross-cultural psychology, culture and conceptions of the self, and semiotics and cultural connections - Close, conceptual links with contemporary biological sciences, especially developmental biology, and with other social sciences - A section detailing potential methodological innovations for cultural psychology By comparing cultures and the (often differing) human psychological functions occuring within them, The Oxford Handbook of Culture and Psychology is the ideal resource for making sense of complex and varied human phenomena.

Worldviews Science And Us

Worldviews  Science and Us PDF
Author: Carlos Gershenson
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9812705481
Size: 69.46 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 351
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Nell'introduzione si legge: Many chapters in this volume are derived from presentations given at the Philosophy and Complexity session of the Complexity, Science and Society Conference, held in Liverpool, UK, between September 11th and 14th 2005.

Integrating Scientific Disciplines

Integrating Scientific Disciplines PDF
Author: William Bechtel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401094357
Size: 38.11 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 360
View: 6228

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Interdisciplinary research has been a popular idea with many people in the last 20 years. Academic administrators have admonished their faculty to become more interdisciplinary. Students often request the chance to pursue an interdisciplinary degree. While the issue of managing interdisciplinary projects has received a fair amount of attention by those interested in science management, interdisciplinary research has received little attention from historians, philosophers or sociologists of science or from scientists themselves. Yet, there l;lre a number of cases within the life sciences where researchers have been actively engaged in endeavors that take them across disciplinary boundaries. These are ripe for investigation by those interested in the process of science. To provide an in-depth study of some historical or contemporary cases of cross disciplinary research activity in the life sciences, a conference was held at Georgia State University in May, 1984. This conference was supported by the National Endowment for the Humanities (U. S. A. ) through their research conference program. Over a three-day period historians, philosophers, and researchers who were actively engaged in various of the life sciences discussed specific examples of interdisciplinary research and tried to analyze what was needed for successful crossing of disciplinary boundaries. After the conference, each of the participants revised their original presentations, partly in light of the discussion at the conference. The papers in this volume are the fruits of that endeavor.

Space Time Continuous Models Of Swarm Robotic Systems

Space Time Continuous Models of Swarm Robotic Systems PDF
Author: Heiko Hamann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642133770
Size: 41.60 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 160
View: 1884

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In this book, a generic model in as far as possible mathematical closed-formis developed that predicts the behavior of large self-organizing robot groups (robot swarms) based on their control algorithm. In addition, an extensive subsumption of the relatively young and distinctive interdisciplinary research field of swarm robotics is emphasized. The connection to many related fields is highlighted and the concepts and methods borrowed from these fields are described shortly.

Perspectives On Nursing Theory

Perspectives on Nursing Theory PDF
Author: Leslie H. Nicoll
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN:
Size: 55.19 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Nursing
Languages : en
Pages : 783
View: 2979

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This anthology of 80 articles is a compilation of the most widely read and frequently cited articles on the subject of theory for nursing. The articles serve to clarify and amplify the historic and current debates in the field. Commentary information introduces other perspectives and represents current thinking about the subjects addressed in the articles.