The Economics Of Ecosystems And Biodiversity In National And International Policy Making

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity in National and International Policy Making PDF
Author: Patrick ten Brink
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1849712506
Size: 77.13 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 494
View: 2660

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The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) study is a major international initiative to draw attention to the global economic benefits of biodiversity, to highlight the growing costs of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation, the benefits of investing in natural capital, and to draw together expertise from the fields of science, economics and policy to enable practical actions. Drawing on a team of more than one hundred authors and reviewers, this book demonstrates the value of ecosystems and biodiversity to the economy, society and individuals, highlights the urgency for strategic policy making and action at national and international levels, and presents examples of policies in action from around the world.It highlights the need for new public policy to reflect the appreciation that public goods and social benefits are often overlooked by a 'maximise private benefit' approach. It explores the range of instruments to reward those offering ecosystem service benefits, to reduce the incentives of those running down our natural capital, and to offer subsidies that respond to future priorities.The authors also consider two major areas of investment in natural capital - protected areas and investment in restoration. Overall the book demonstrates how we can take into account the value of ecosystems and biodiversity in policy decisions - at national and international levels - to promote the protection of our environment.

The Economics Of Ecosystems And Biodiversity In National And International Policy Making

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity in National and International Policy Making PDF
Author: Patrick ten Brink
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136538720
Size: 68.99 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 390
View: 5750

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The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) study is a major international initiative drawing attention to local, national and global economic benefits of biodiversity, to highlight the growing costs of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation, the benefits of investing in natural capital, and to draw together expertise from the fields of science, economics and policy to enable practical actions. Drawing on a team of more than one hundred authors and reviewers, this book demonstrates the value of ecosystems and biodiversity to the economy, society and individuals. It underlines the urgency of strategic policy making and action at national and international levels, and presents a rich evidence base of policies and instruments in use around the world and a wide range of innovative solutions. It highlights the need for new public policy to reflect the appreciation that public goods and social benefits are often overlooked and that we need a transition to decision making which integrates the many values of nature across policy sectors. It explores the range of instruments to reward those offering ecosystem service benefits, such as water provision and climate regulation. It looks at fiscal and regulatory instruments to reduce the incentives of those running down our natural capital, and at reforming subsidies such that they respond to current and future priorities. The authors also consider two major areas of investment in natural capital - protected areas and investment in restoration. Overall the book underlines the needs and ways to transform our approach to natural capital, and demonstrates how we can practically take into account the value of ecosystems and biodiversity in policy decisions - at national and international levels - to promote the protection of our environment and contribute to a sustainable economy and to the wellbeing of societies.

The Economics Of Ecosystems And Biodiversity In Local And Regional Policy And Management

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity in Local and Regional Policy and Management PDF
Author: Heidi Wittmer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1849712522
Size: 55.66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 351
View: 1420

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In this volume of the TEEB (The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity) publication series, the key concepts of the project are applied to local and regional policy and public management. The aim is to show that by taking nature's benefits into account, decision makers can promote local development to ensure human well-being and economic growth and stability, while maintaining environmental sustainability. The book explores the potential for local development provided by an approach based on nature. It offers examples of successful implementation of this approach from across the world, highlighting the importance of local decision making in management and planning. It provides tools and practical guidance for reform, and throughout the volume the economic benefits of environmental consideration at a local level are expounded. This book is intended to offer inspiration and practical suggestions for the improvement and sustainable management of the environment and human well-being. The local aspect of this book complements the focus of the previous three volumes, completing the set to provide a comprehensive approach to simultaneously improving and maintaining economic and environmental stability, as well as human well-being.

Ecological Economics Research Trends

Ecological Economics Research Trends PDF
Author: Carolyn C. Pertsova
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781600219412
Size: 38.65 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 366
View: 3552

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This new book presents important research in the field of ecological economics which is a trans-disciplinary field of academic research that addresses the dynamic and spatial interdependence between human economies and natural ecosystems. Ecological economics brings together and connects different disciplines, within the natural and social sciences but especially between these broad areas. Ecological economics presents a more pluralistic approach to the study of environmental problems and policy solutions, characterised by systems perspectives, adequate physical and biological contexts, and a focus on long-term environmental sustainability.

The Economics Of Ecosystems And Biodiversity In Business And Enterprise

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity in Business and Enterprise PDF
Author: Joshua Bishop
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136497137
Size: 50.11 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 270
View: 3061

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This book is a product of the TEEB study (The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity). It provides important evidence of growing corporate concern about biodiversity loss and offers examples of how leading companies are taking action to conserve biodiversity and to restore ecosystems. This book reviews indicators and drivers of biodiversity loss and ecosystem decline, and shows how these present both risks and opportunities to all businesses. It examines the changing preferences of consumers for nature-friendly products and services, and offers examples of how companies are responding. The book also describes recent initiatives to enable businesses to measure, value and report their impacts and dependencies on biodiversity and ecosystem services. The authors review a range of practical tools to manage biodiversity risks in business, with examples of how companies are using these tools to reduce costs, protect their brands and deliver real business value. The book also explores the emergence of new business models that deliver biodiversity benefits and ecosystem services on a commercial basis, the policy enabling frameworks needed to stimulate investment and entrepreneurship to realize such opportunities, and the obstacles that must be overcome. The book further examines how businesses can align their actions in relation to biodiversity and ecosystem services with other corporate responsibility initiatives, including community engagement and poverty reduction. Finally, the book concludes with a summary and recommendations for action.

Discontinuities In Ecosystems And Other Complex Systems

Discontinuities in Ecosystems and Other Complex Systems PDF
Author: Craig R. Allen
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231516827
Size: 12.24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 2664

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Following the publication of C. S. Holling's seminal work on the relationship between animal body mass patterns and scale-specific landscape structure, ecologists began to explore the theoretical and applied consequences of discontinuities in ecosystems and other complex systems. Are ecosystems and their components continuously distributed and do they adhere to scaling laws, or are they discontinuous and more complex than early models would have us believe? The resulting propositions over the structure of complex systems sparked an ongoing debate regarding the mechanisms generating discontinuities and the statistical methods used for their detection. This volume takes the view that ecosystems and other complex systems are inherently discontinuous and that such fields as ecology, economics, and urban studies greatly benefit from this paradigm shift. Contributors present evidence of the ubiquity of discontinuous distributions in ecological and social systems and how their analysis provides insight into complex phenomena. The book is divided into three sections. The first focuses on background material and contrasting views concerning the discontinuous organization of complex systems. The second discusses discontinuous patterns detected in a number of different systems and methods for detecting them, and the third touches on the potential significance of discontinuities in complex systems. Science is still dominated by a focus on power laws, but the contributors to this volume are convinced power laws often mask the interesting dynamics of systems and that those dynamics are best revealed by investigating deviations from assumed power law distributions. In 2008, a grand conference on resilience was held in Stockholm, hosting 600 participants from around the world. There are now three big centers established with resilience, the most recent one being the Stockholm Resilience Center, with others in Australia (an international coral reef center), Arizona State University's new sustainability center focusing on anthropology, and Canada's emerging social sciences and resilience center. Activity continues to flourish in Alaska, South Africa, and the Untied Kingdom, and a new center is forming in Uruguay.

Economics Of Ecological Resources

Economics of Ecological Resources PDF
Author: Charles Perrings
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781782541141
Size: 73.92 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 254
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'Perrings' book is a well edited, and presented, integrated work based upon nine of his articles and book chapters published between 1989 and 1995.' - Clive L. Spash, Environmental Values Economics of Ecological Resources presents new or recently published work on ecological economies, sustainability, poverty, resource degradation and decision-making under uncertainty. The book explores the allocation of resources in jointly determined ecological-economic systems. An introductory chapter examines the work of other major contributors to the field of ecological economics and introduces Professor Perrings's work and the material in this volume. The first of three parts is concerned with the dynamics of joint systems and with the implications for the control and conservation of ecological resources. The second part focuses on the conditioning effect of the economic environment on private decisions in low income resource-dependent economies. The final part considers the way that decision makers handle the uncertainty that is an integral feature of the evolution of the ecological-economic system.

Social And Economic Benefits Of Protected Areas

Social and Economic Benefits of Protected Areas PDF
Author: Marianne Kettunen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136213104
Size: 54.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 368
View: 5628

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Protected areas (PAs) contain biodiversity and ecosystems of high conservation value. In addition, these areas provide a range of benefits, both direct and indirect, to our societies and economies, i.e. so called ecosystem services. These services include, for example, an ecosystem's ability to regulate floods and climate, purify water, secure the pollination of crops, and create opportunities for recreation, culture and tourism. This book offers a comprehensive introduction to the socio-economic benefits of PAs and PA networks and provides step-by-step practical guidance on identifying, assessing and valuing the various ecosystem services and related benefits provided by PAs. It also aims to improve the communication of PA benefits to different stakeholders and the general public. It is shown that identifying and valuing the socio-economic benefits of PAs can be beneficial for several reasons. Demonstrating socio-economic importance of a protected site can significantly increase political and stakeholder support for the site and resolve conflicts between different interest groups. This can lead to positive changes in policies and decision-making. Insights on PA benefits are also needed to identify a combination of actions and land use practices that best support the sustainable and equitable utilisation of these benefits, while retaining a site’s conservation goals. Finally, demonstrating different benefits can help to discover alternative and sustainable sources for financing the management of PAs.

The Ecosystem Approach

The Ecosystem Approach PDF
Author: United States. Interagency Ecosystem Management Task Force
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 66.89 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Ecosystem management
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 4933

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Handbook On The Economics Of Ecosystem Services And Biodiversity

Handbook on the Economics of Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity PDF
Author: Paulo A L D Nunes
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1781951519
Size: 49.32 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 6008
View: 5727

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In recent years, there has been a marked proliferation in the literature on economic approaches to ecosystem management, which has created a subsequent need for real understanding of the scope and the limits of the economic approaches to ecosystems and

Sustainability Economics

Sustainability Economics PDF
Author: Peter Bartelmus
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113630956X
Size: 61.69 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 160
View: 1471

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The book is a concise introduction to an emerging field within economics. Drawing on numerous disciplines, including environmental science, environmental and ecological economics and optimal growth theory, sustainability remains a hazy and complex subject. The author set out with two objectives: one, to bring some order into the proliferating measures, models and management of sustainability; and two, to facilitate access to a complex inter-disciplinary subject area. The book points to practical ways of assessing and enhancing the long-term environmental and economic sustainability of our economies. The result is a fully international study that should bridge the gap between disciplines and prove to be an essential guide to anyone interested in one of the most important concepts in the social sciences.

Damaged Ecosystems And Restoration

Damaged Ecosystems and Restoration PDF
Author: B. C. Rana
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789810231743
Size: 58.38 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 313
View: 4688

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Our environment has been greatly damaged due to pollution and over exploitation of natural resources by human beings. All the natural ecosystems have been damaged to a great extent. Restoration of these damages is becoming a priority and of environmental interest. Science and technology of restoration ecology is rapidly evolving. Restoration requires a holistic approach. Restoration technology is now available to redirect the damaged ecosystems to their near natural integrity. In this context, this book is the first of its kind in reviewing the different approaches undertaken to restore various damaged ecosystems. Scientists currently working in this field have contributed their work in the form of reviews, site-specific case studies, technology for bioremediation and biodegradation. The book will provide first hand information in this currently expanding field and will be helpful to biologists, environmental scientists, engineers, wastewater treatment experts, microbiologists and all those interested in the conservation and management of the environment.