Social And Economic Benefits Of Protected Areas

Social and Economic Benefits of Protected Areas PDF
Author: Marianne Kettunen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136213090
Size: 44.37 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 368
View: 979

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Protected areas (PAs) contain biodiversity and ecosystems of high conservation value. In addition, these areas provide a range of benefits, both direct and indirect, to our societies and economies, i.e. so called ecosystem services. These services include, for example, an ecosystem's ability to regulate floods and climate, purify water, secure the pollination of crops, and create opportunities for recreation, culture and tourism. This book offers a comprehensive introduction to the socio-economic benefits of PAs and PA networks and provides step-by-step practical guidance on identifying, assessing and valuing the various ecosystem services and related benefits provided by PAs. It also aims to improve the communication of PA benefits to different stakeholders and the general public. It is shown that identifying and valuing the socio-economic benefits of PAs can be beneficial for several reasons. Demonstrating socio-economic importance of a protected site can significantly increase political and stakeholder support for the site and resolve conflicts between different interest groups. This can lead to positive changes in policies and decision-making. Insights on PA benefits are also needed to identify a combination of actions and land use practices that best support the sustainable and equitable utilisation of these benefits, while retaining a site’s conservation goals. Finally, demonstrating different benefits can help to discover alternative and sustainable sources for financing the management of PAs.

The Economics Of Ecosystems And Biodiversity

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity PDF
Author: Pushpam Kumar
Publisher: UNEP/Earthprint
ISBN: 9781849712125
Size: 24.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 410
View: 860

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"An Output of TEEB: The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity."

The Economics Of Ecosystems And Biodiversity In National And International Policy Making

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity in National and International Policy Making PDF
Author: Patrick ten Brink
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1849712506
Size: 80.57 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 494
View: 2022

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The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) study is a major international initiative to draw attention to the global economic benefits of biodiversity, to highlight the growing costs of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation, the benefits of investing in natural capital, and to draw together expertise from the fields of science, economics and policy to enable practical actions. Drawing on a team of more than one hundred authors and reviewers, this book demonstrates the value of ecosystems and biodiversity to the economy, society and individuals, highlights the urgency for strategic policy making and action at national and international levels, and presents examples of policies in action from around the world.It highlights the need for new public policy to reflect the appreciation that public goods and social benefits are often overlooked by a 'maximise private benefit' approach. It explores the range of instruments to reward those offering ecosystem service benefits, to reduce the incentives of those running down our natural capital, and to offer subsidies that respond to future priorities.The authors also consider two major areas of investment in natural capital - protected areas and investment in restoration. Overall the book demonstrates how we can take into account the value of ecosystems and biodiversity in policy decisions - at national and international levels - to promote the protection of our environment.

The Economics Of Ecosystems And Biodiversity In Local And Regional Policy And Management

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity in Local and Regional Policy and Management PDF
Author: Heidi Wittmer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1849712522
Size: 13.16 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 351
View: 7065

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In this volume of the TEEB (The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity) publication series, the key concepts of the project are applied to local and regional policy and public management. The aim is to show that by taking nature's benefits into account, decision makers can promote local development to ensure human well-being and economic growth and stability, while maintaining environmental sustainability. The book explores the potential for local development provided by an approach based on nature. It offers examples of successful implementation of this approach from across the world, highlighting the importance of local decision making in management and planning. It provides tools and practical guidance for reform, and throughout the volume the economic benefits of environmental consideration at a local level are expounded. This book is intended to offer inspiration and practical suggestions for the improvement and sustainable management of the environment and human well-being. The local aspect of this book complements the focus of the previous three volumes, completing the set to provide a comprehensive approach to simultaneously improving and maintaining economic and environmental stability, as well as human well-being.

The Economics Of Biodiversity Conservation

The Economics of Biodiversity Conservation PDF
Author: K. N. Ninan
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 1849772975
Size: 54.15 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 289
View: 5657

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Economic valuation of biodiversity and ecosystem services is possibly the most powerful tool for halting the loss of biodiversity while maintaining incomes and livelihoods. Yet rarely have such approaches been applied to tropical forest ?hotspots?, which house the vast majority of the planets plant and animal species. This ground-breaking work is the most comprehensive and detailed examination of the economics of environmental valuation and biodiversity conservation to date. Focusing on the Western Ghats of India, one of the top biodiversity hotspots in the world, this volume looks at a cross-section of local communities living within or near sanctuaries and reserve forests such as coffee growers, indigenous people and farmers-cum-pastoralists to assess the use and non-use values that people derive from tropical forests. It also looks at the extent of their dependence on forests for various goods and services, and examines their perceptions and attitudes towards biodiversity conservation and wildlife protection. The book concludes with an assessment of the institutional alternatives and policies for promoting biodiversity conservation through economic valuation methods.Related titlesEconomics for Collaborative Environmental Management (2005) 1-84407-095-6

The Ecosystem Approach

The Ecosystem Approach PDF
Author: United States. Interagency Ecosystem Management Task Force
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 41.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Ecosystem management
Languages : en
Pages :
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The Economics Of Ecosystems And Biodiversity In Business And Enterprise

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity in Business and Enterprise PDF
Author: Joshua Bishop
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136497137
Size: 61.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 270
View: 7744

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This book is a product of the TEEB study (The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity). It provides important evidence of growing corporate concern about biodiversity loss and offers examples of how leading companies are taking action to conserve biodiversity and to restore ecosystems. This book reviews indicators and drivers of biodiversity loss and ecosystem decline, and shows how these present both risks and opportunities to all businesses. It examines the changing preferences of consumers for nature-friendly products and services, and offers examples of how companies are responding. The book also describes recent initiatives to enable businesses to measure, value and report their impacts and dependencies on biodiversity and ecosystem services. The authors review a range of practical tools to manage biodiversity risks in business, with examples of how companies are using these tools to reduce costs, protect their brands and deliver real business value. The book also explores the emergence of new business models that deliver biodiversity benefits and ecosystem services on a commercial basis, the policy enabling frameworks needed to stimulate investment and entrepreneurship to realize such opportunities, and the obstacles that must be overcome. The book further examines how businesses can align their actions in relation to biodiversity and ecosystem services with other corporate responsibility initiatives, including community engagement and poverty reduction. Finally, the book concludes with a summary and recommendations for action.

Discontinuities In Ecosystems And Other Complex Systems

Discontinuities in Ecosystems and Other Complex Systems PDF
Author: Craig R. Allen
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231516827
Size: 27.37 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 5547

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Following the publication of C. S. Holling's seminal work on the relationship between animal body mass patterns and scale-specific landscape structure, ecologists began to explore the theoretical and applied consequences of discontinuities in ecosystems and other complex systems. Are ecosystems and their components continuously distributed and do they adhere to scaling laws, or are they discontinuous and more complex than early models would have us believe? The resulting propositions over the structure of complex systems sparked an ongoing debate regarding the mechanisms generating discontinuities and the statistical methods used for their detection. This volume takes the view that ecosystems and other complex systems are inherently discontinuous and that such fields as ecology, economics, and urban studies greatly benefit from this paradigm shift. Contributors present evidence of the ubiquity of discontinuous distributions in ecological and social systems and how their analysis provides insight into complex phenomena. The book is divided into three sections. The first focuses on background material and contrasting views concerning the discontinuous organization of complex systems. The second discusses discontinuous patterns detected in a number of different systems and methods for detecting them, and the third touches on the potential significance of discontinuities in complex systems. Science is still dominated by a focus on power laws, but the contributors to this volume are convinced power laws often mask the interesting dynamics of systems and that those dynamics are best revealed by investigating deviations from assumed power law distributions. In 2008, a grand conference on resilience was held in Stockholm, hosting 600 participants from around the world. There are now three big centers established with resilience, the most recent one being the Stockholm Resilience Center, with others in Australia (an international coral reef center), Arizona State University's new sustainability center focusing on anthropology, and Canada's emerging social sciences and resilience center. Activity continues to flourish in Alaska, South Africa, and the Untied Kingdom, and a new center is forming in Uruguay.

Capitalizing On Nature

Capitalizing on Nature PDF
Author: Edward B. Barbier
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139503065
Size: 19.45 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages :
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The basic unit of nature – the ecosystem – is a special form of wealth, which we can think of as a stock of natural capital. However, perhaps because this capital is free, we have tended to view it as limitless, abundant and always available for our use, exploitation and conversion. Capitalizing on Nature shows how modeling ecosystems as natural capital can help us to analyze the economic behavior that has led to the overuse of so much ecological wealth. It explains how this concept of ecosystem as natural capital sheds light on a number of important issues, including landscape conversion, ecological restoration, ecosystem resilience and collapse, spatial benefits and payments for ecosystem services. The book concludes by focusing on major policy challenges that need to be overcome in order to avert the worsening problem of ecological scarcity and how we can fund novel financing mechanisms for global conservation.

Ecological Integrity

Ecological Integrity PDF
Author: David Pimentel
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 161091063X
Size: 37.70 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Health & Fitness
Languages : en
Pages : 448
View: 1252

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Global Integrity Project has brought together leading scientists and thinkers from around the world to examine the combined problems of threatened and unequal human well-being, degradation of the ecosphere, and unsustainable economies. Based on the proposition that healthy, functioning ecosystems are a necessary prerequisite for both economic security and social justice, the project is built around the concept of ecological integrity and its practical implications for policy and management.Ecological Integrity presents a synthesis and findings of the project. Contributors -- including Robert Goodland, James Karr, Orie Loucks, Jack Manno, William Rees, Mark Sagoff, Robert Ulanowicz, Philippe Crabbe, Laura Westra, David Pimentel, Reed Noss, and others -- examine the key elements of ecological integrity and consider what happens when integrity is lost or compromised. The book: examines historical and philosophical foundations of the concept of ecological integrity explores how integrity can be measured examines the relationships among ecological integrity, human health, and food production looks at economic and ethical issues that need to be considered in protecting ecological integrity offers concrete recommendations for reversing ecological degradation while promoting social and economic justice and welfare .Contributors argue that there is an urgent need for rapid and fundamental change in the ecologically destructive patterns of collective human behavior if society is to survive and thrive in coming decades.Ecological Integrity is a groundbreaking book that integrates environmental science, economics, law, and ethics in problem analysis, synthesis, and solution, and is a vital contribution for anyone concerned with interactions between human and planetary health.

A Survey Of Ecological Economics

A Survey of Ecological Economics PDF
Author: Rajaram Krishnan
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 1610911121
Size: 42.18 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 423
View: 7553

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The emergent discipline of ecological economics is based on the idea that the world's economies are a function of the earth's ecosystems -- an idea that radically reverses the world view of neoclassical economics. A Survey of Ecological Economics provides the first overview of this new field, and a comprehensive and systematic survey of its critical literature.The editors of the volume summarize ninety-five seminal articles, selected through an exhaustive survey, that advance the field of ecological economics and represent the best thinking to date in the area. Each two- to three-page summary is far more comprehensive than a typical abstract, and presents both the topics covered in each paper and the most important arguments made about each topic. Sections cover: historical perspective definition, scope, and interdisciplinary issues theoretical frameworks and techniques energy and resource flow analysis accounting and evaluation North-South/international issues ethical/social/institutional issues Each section is preceded by an introductory essay that outlines the current state of knowledge in the field and proposes a research agenda for the future. A Survey of Ecological Economics is the first volume in the Frontier Issues in Economic Thought series produced by the Global Development And Environment Institute at Tufts University.

A Survey Of Ecological Economics

A Survey of Ecological Economics PDF
Author: Rajaram Krishnan
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 1559634111
Size: 52.31 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 384
View: 2161

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The emergent discipline of ecological economics is based on the idea that the world's economies are a function of the earth's ecosystems -- an idea that radically reverses the world view of neoclassical economics. A Survey of Ecological Economics provides the first overview of this new field, and a comprehensive and systematic survey of its critical literature.The editors of the volume summarize ninety-five seminal articles, selected through an exhaustive survey, that advance the field of ecological economics and represent the best thinking to date in the area. Each two- to three-page summary is far more comprehensive than a typical abstract, and presents both the topics covered in each paper and the most important arguments made about each topic. Sections cover: historical perspective definition, scope, and interdisciplinary issues theoretical frameworks and techniques energy and resource flow analysis accounting and evaluation North-South/international issues ethical/social/institutional issues Each section is preceded by an introductory essay that outlines the current state of knowledge in the field and proposes a research agenda for the future. A Survey of Ecological Economics is the first volume in the Frontier Issues in Economic Thought series produced by the Global Development And Environment Institute at Tufts University.

Coevolutionary Economics The Economy Society And The Environment

Coevolutionary Economics  The Economy  Society and the Environment PDF
Author: John Gowdy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401582505
Size: 66.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 246
View: 5872

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The subject of this volume is the human economy and its coevolutionary relationship with the natural world. This relationship is examined in three broad types of societies; hunter--gatherers, agriculturalists, and modern market economies. A growing body of scientific evidence has made it clear that the current human impact on the environment is far above the level that can be maintained without causing profound changes in the biophysical world to which we belong. The new fields of ecological economics and evolutionary economics can help us understand the relationship between the economy, society and the environment and may help us to formulate effective policies to manage these changes.