Notes On Linguistics

Notes on Linguistics PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 22.80 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Linguistics
Languages : en
Pages :
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Lecture Notes On Applied Linguistics

Lecture Notes on Applied Linguistics PDF
Author: Ali Alhaj
Publisher: Anchor Academic Publishing
ISBN: 3954894025
Size: 50.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Literary Collections
Languages : en
Pages : 106
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Linguistics can be defined as "the scientific study of a language – any language – by virtue of description and analysis" – a major concept, introduced by the Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure(1857-1913), one of the pioneering early exponents of modern linguistics. According to him: "the one and the only correct subject of linguistics is language, which involves in itself for the sake of itself" (Al-Saaran: 1962, p.49). Some enormous attempts were made by Dr. Mohamoud Al-Sa'aran to explain and interpret F.D. Saussure's working words on linguistics in this context, as he points out: "The researcher of a language studies a language for its sake. Also she/he studies it as it appears, without any oscillation. The researcher has no right to confine herself/himself to explaining and investigating only one aspect of a language, by reason of her//his highly commendation and to abandon the other attempts to explore the other aspect of language recklessly and wildly, because of her/his disapproval and disapprobation , as well as her//his frivolity of it. Furthermore, she/ he acts according to her/his own desire or for any other reason" (Ibid, p.51). On his turn, Al-Sa'aran also explains the working words of F.D. Saussure "for its own sake", by saying that: "the researcher studies language objectively in order to explore and probe its reality. She/he does not aim at achieving, for instance, either pedagogical objectives or any working goals. Fittingly, the researcher does not study language in order to enhance and to correct one of its aspects or to make any other amendments on it. But, she/he has to confine herself/himself to describing and analyzing language objectively" (Ibid, p.51).

The Minimalist Program

The Minimalist Program PDF
Author: Noam Chomsky
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262531283
Size: 26.87 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 420
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The Minimalist Program consists of four recent essays, including the previously unpublished 'Categories and Transformations, ' that attempt to situate linguistic theory in the broader cognitive sciences. In these essays the minimalist approach to linguistic theory is formulated and progressively developed.

The Science Of Linguistics In The Art Of Translation

The Science of Linguistics in the Art of Translation PDF
Author: Joseph L. Malone
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780887066535
Size: 27.86 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 241
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5.1 FIEOFIDERING TO OPTIMIZE COMPREHENSION -- 5.2 REORDERING RELATIVE TO NARRATIVE FLOW -- 5.3 REORDERING OF TARGET-ALIEN STYLlSTlCPATTERNS (GREEK HYSTERON-PROTERON) -- 5.4 FEATURE REORDERING -- NOTES -- Chapter 6 Some Dimensions of Trajectional Analysis -- 6.0 PRELIMINARIES -- 6.1 LEVELS OF COMPOSITION: RECODING -- 6.2 RELATIONS BETWEEN TRAJECTIONS -- 6.2.1 Implications -- 6.2.2 Hook-ups -- 6.3 TRAJECTIONS AS APPLIED-LINGUISTICCONSTRUCTS -- NOTES -- Chapter 7 Some Trajectional Parameters -- 7.0 PRELIMINARIES -- 7.1 STRUCTURAL-STRATEGICAL PARAMETERS

Perspectives On Linguistic Pragmatics

Perspectives on Linguistic Pragmatics PDF
Author: Alessandro Capone
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 331901014X
Size: 66.34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 543
View: 5567

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This volume provides insight into linguistic pragmatics from the perspective of linguists who have been influenced by philosophy. Theory of Mind and perspectives on point of view are presented along with other topics including: semantics vs. semiotics, clinical pragmatics, explicatures, cancellability of explicatures, interactive language use, reference, common ground, presupposition, definiteness, logophoricity and point of view in connection with pragmatic inference, pragmemes and language games, pragmatics and artificial languages, the mechanism of the form/content correlation from a pragmatic point of view, amongst other issues relating to language use. Relevance Theory is introduced as an important framework, allowing readers to familiarize themselves with technical details and linguistic terminology. This book follows on from the first volume: both contain the work of world renowned experts who discuss theories relevant to pragmatics. Here, the relationship between semantics and pragmatics is explored: conversational explicatures are a way to bridge the gap in semantics between underdetermined logical forms and full propositional content. These volumes are written in an accessible way and work well both as a stimulus to further research and as a guide to less experienced researchers and students who would like to know more about this vast, complex, and difficult field of inquiry.

A Short History Of Linguistics

A Short History of Linguistics PDF
Author: R.H. Robins
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317891112
Size: 54.38 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 296
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This complete revision and updating of Professor Robins' classic text offers a comprehensive account of the history of linguistic thought from its European origins some 2500 years ago to the present day. It examines the independent development of linguistic science in China and Medieval Islam, and especially in India, which was to have a profound effect on European and American linguistics from the end of the eighteenth century. The fourth edition of A Short History of Linguistics gives a greater prominence to the work of Wilhelm von Humboldt, because of the lasting importance of his work on language in relation to general eighteenth century thinking and of its perceived relevance in the latter half of the twentieth century to several aspects of generative grammatical theory. The final section, covering the twentieth century, has been rewritten and divided into two new chapters, so as to deal effectively with the increasingly divergent development of descriptive and theoretical linguistics that took place in the latter half of this century. Readable and authoritative, Professor Robins' introduction provides a clear and up-to-date overview of all the major issues in the light of contemporary scholarly debate, and will be essential reading for undergraduate and graduate students of linguistics alike.

Beyond Pure Reason

Beyond Pure Reason PDF
Author: Boris Gasparov
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231504454
Size: 63.30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 240
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The Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure (1857–1913) revolutionized the study of language, signs, and discourse in the twentieth century. He successfully reconstructed the proto-Indo-European vowel system, advanced a conception of language as a system of arbitrary signs made meaningful through kinetic interrelationships, and developed a theory of the anagram so profound it gave rise to poststructural literary criticism. The roots of these disparate, even contradictory achievements lie in the thought of Early German Romanticism, which Saussure consulted for its insight into the nature of meaning and discourse. Conducting the first comprehensive analysis of Saussure's intellectual heritage, Boris Gasparov links Sassurean notions of cognition, language, and history to early Romantic theories of cognition and the transmission of cultural memory. In particular, several fundamental categories of Saussure's philosophy of language, such as the differential nature of language, the mutability and immutability of semiotic values, and the duality of the signifier and the signified, are rooted in early Romantic theories of "progressive" cognition and child cognitive development. Consulting a wealth of sources only recently made available, Gasparov casts the seeming contradictions and paradoxes of Saussure's work as a genuine tension between the desire to bring linguistics and semiotics in line with modernist epistemology on the one hand, and Jena Romantics' awareness of language's dynamism and its transcendence of the boundaries of categorical reasoning on the other. Advancing a radical new understanding of Saussure, Gasparov reveals aspects of the intellectual's work previously overlooked by both his followers and his postmodern critics.

Stalin On Linguistics And Other Essays

Stalin on Linguistics and Other Essays PDF
Author: P. Gray
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1403919232
Size: 27.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 267
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Piers Gray was one of the most brilliant literary writers of his generation. These essays ranging from Oscar Wilde to Levin, from Shakespeare to pulp fiction, use the full resources of literary and linguistic analysis to produce a reading of European culture and society in the twentieth century. In his final posthumous essay On Linearity , Gray summons all his reading and knowledge to deliver his final judgement on life and death.

Fusion Foodways Of Africa S Gold Coast In The Atlantic Era

Fusion Foodways of Africa s Gold Coast in the Atlantic Era PDF
Author: James D. La Fleur
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004234098
Size: 68.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 232
View: 4723

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Fusion Foodways describes the agricultural and cultural history of the Gold Coast (now, Ghana) in the Atlantic era, exploring the historical significance of new food crops and culinary techniques from the Americas, Asia and elsewhere in Africa to the farmers who produced them and to everybody who ate.

The Normal Course Of Events

The Normal Course of Events PDF
Author: Hagit Borer
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199263912
Size: 71.76 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 400
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'Structuring Sense' explores the difference between words however defined and structures however constructed. It sets out to demonstrate that the explanation of linguistic competence should be shifted from lexical entry to syntactic structure, from memory of words to manipulation of rules.

Twentieth Century Poetry

Twentieth century Poetry PDF
Author: Peter Verdonk
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0415058635
Size: 43.58 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 194
View: 6741

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This textbook, based on extensive teaching experience,makes new insights from linguistic and literary scholarship accessible to students in their daily practice of reading, analysing and evaluating literary texts.This textbook provides a thought-provoking introduction to the practice of literary stylistics. It is based on extensive teaching experience, and makes new insights from linguistic and literary scholarship accessible to students in their daily practice of reading, analysing and evaluating literary texts.The twelve chapters, written by experts in the field, provide a firm foundation for the development of language and context-based literary criticism. The book allows students to increase their creative responsiveness to the interplay between text and context, and between language and social situation.