Mario Bunge A Centenary Festschrift

Mario Bunge  A Centenary Festschrift PDF
Author: Michael R. Matthews
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030166732
Size: 61.23 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 827
View: 3301

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This volume has 41 chapters written to honor the 100th birthday of Mario Bunge. It celebrates the work of this influential Argentine/Canadian physicist and philosopher. Contributions show the value of Bunge’s science-informed philosophy and his systematic approach to philosophical problems. The chapters explore the exceptionally wide spectrum of Bunge’s contributions to: metaphysics, methodology and philosophy of science, philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of physics, philosophy of psychology, philosophy of social science, philosophy of biology, philosophy of technology, moral philosophy, social and political philosophy, medical philosophy, and education. The contributors include scholars from 16 countries. Bunge combines ontological realism with epistemological fallibilism. He believes that science provides the best and most warranted knowledge of the natural and social world, and that such knowledge is the only sound basis for moral decision making and social and political reform. Bunge argues for the unity of knowledge. In his eyes, science and philosophy constitute a fruitful and necessary partnership. Readers will discover the wisdom of this approach and will gain insight into the utility of cross-disciplinary scholarship. This anthology will appeal to researchers, students, and teachers in philosophy of science, social science, and liberal education programmes. 1. Introduction Section I. An Academic Vocation (3 chapters) Section II. Philosophy (12 chapters) Section III. Physics and Philosophy of Physics (4 chapters) Section IV. Cognitive Science and Philosophy of Mind (2 chapters) Section V. Sociology and Social Theory (4 chapters) Section VI. Ethics and Political Philosophy (3 chapters) Section VII. Biology and Philosophy of Biology (3 chapters) Section VIII. Mathematics (3 chapters) Section IX. Education (2 chapters) Section X. Varia (3 chapters) Section XI. Bibliography

Feng Shui Teaching About Science And Pseudoscience

Feng Shui  Teaching About Science and Pseudoscience PDF
Author: Michael R. Matthews
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030188221
Size: 22.80 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 340
View: 2447

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This book provides a richly documented account of the historical, cultural, philosophical and practical dimensions of feng shui. It argues that where feng shui is entrenched educational systems have a responsibility to examine its claims, and that this examination provides opportunities for students to better learn about the key features of the nature of science, the demarcation of science and non-science, the characteristics of pseudoscience, and the engagement of science with culture and worldviews. The arguments presented for feng shui being a pseudoscience can be marshalled when considering a whole range of comparable beliefs and the educational benefit of their appraisal. Feng shui is a deeply-entrenched, three-millennia-old system of Asian beliefs and practices about nature, architecture, health, and divination that has garnered a growing presence outside of Asia. It is part of a comprehensive and ancient worldview built around belief in chi (qi) the putative universal energy or life-force that animates all existence, the cosmos, the solar system, the earth, and human bodies. Harmonious living requires building in accord with local chi streams; good health requires replenishment and manipulation of internal chi flow; and a beneficent afterlife is enhanced when buried in conformity with chi directions. Traditional Chinese Medicine is based on the proper manipulation of internal chi by acupuncture, tai-chi and qigong exercise, and herbal dietary supplements. Matthews has produced another tour de force that will repay close study by students, scientists, and all those concerned to understand science, culture, and the science/culture nexus. Harvey Siegel, Philosophy, University of Miami, USA With great erudition and even greater fluidity of style, Matthews introduces us to this now-world-wide belief system. Michael Ruse, Philosophy, Florida State University, USA The book is one of the best research works published on Feng Shui. Wang Youjun, Philosophy, Shanghai Normal University, China The history is fascinating. The analysis makes an important contribution to science literature. James Alcock, Psychology, York University, Canada This book provides an in-depth study of Feng Shui in different periods, considering its philosophical, historical and educational dimensions; especially from a perspective of the ‘demarcation problem’ between science and pseudoscience. Yao Dazhi, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

David Bohm

David Bohm PDF
Author: Olival Freire Junior
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030227154
Size: 23.33 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 250
View: 4733

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This authoritative biography addresses the life and work of the quantum physicist David Bohm. Although quantum physics is considered the soundest physical theory, its strange and paradoxical features have challenged - and continue to challenge - even the brightest thinkers. David Bohm dedicated his entire life to enhancing our understanding of quantum mysteries, in particular quantum nonlocality. His work took place at the height of the cultural/political upheaval in the 1950's, which led him to become the most notable American scientist to seek exile in the last century. The story of his life is as fascinating as his ideas on the quantum world are appealing.

Model Based Reasoning In Science And Technology

Model Based Reasoning in Science and Technology PDF
Author: Ángel Nepomuceno-Fernández
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030327221
Size: 20.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 502
View: 1518

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This book discusses how scientific and other types of cognition make use of models, abduction, and explanatory reasoning in order to produce important and innovative changes in theories and concepts. Gathering revised contributions presented at the international conference on Model-Based Reasoning (MBR18), held on October 24–26 2018 in Seville, Spain, the book is divided into three main parts. The first focuses on models, reasoning, and representation. It highlights key theoretical concepts from an applied perspective, and addresses issues concerning information visualization, experimental methods, and design. The second part goes a step further, examining abduction, problem solving, and reasoning. The respective papers assess different types of reasoning, and discuss various concepts of inference and creativity and their relationship with experimental data. In turn, the third part reports on a number of epistemological and technological issues. By analyzing possible contradictions in modern research and describing representative case studies, this part is intended to foster new discussions and stimulate new ideas. All in all, the book provides researchers and graduate students in the fields of applied philosophy, epistemology, cognitive science, and artificial intelligence alike with an authoritative snapshot of the latest theories and applications of model-based reasoning.

                                                                 PDF
Author: احمد بن ماجد السعدي،
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 20.12 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Araber
Languages : ar
Pages : 256
View: 7149

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Sphaerica

Sphaerica PDF
Author: Theodosius
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh
ISBN:
Size: 19.11 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 431
View: 4574

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Theodosius' 'Sphaerica', on the geometry of the sphere, was one of many Greek mathematical works translated into Arabic in ninth-century Baghdad. It was also one of the mathematical works translated from Arabic into Latin in the twelfth century as part of the 'Little Renaissance' in the West. In this book one Arabic translation is edited, accompanied by Gerard of Cremona's Latin translation. The edition is followed by a mathematical summary for modern readers. This parallel Arabic-Latin edition can be regarded as a model for the treatment of scientific texts from classical antiquity that have reached us through a series of translations.

The Book Of Noble Character Critical Edition Of Mak Rim Al Akhl Q Wa Ma Sin Al D B Wa Bad I Al Aw F Wa Ghar Ib Al Tashb H T Attributed To Ab Man R Al Tha Lib

The Book of Noble Character  Critical Edition of Mak  rim al akhl  q wa ma     sin al   d  b wa bad    i   al aw     f wa ghar    ib al tashb  h  t  Attributed to Ab   Man     r al Tha    lib   PDF
Author: Bilal Orfali
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004300937
Size: 27.25 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : ar
Pages : 306
View: 6157

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The Book of Noble Character is an anthology of quotations suitable for social and literary discourse. The work is introduced by an analytical study discussing the attribution of the work, the related genres, and the unique manuscript of the text.

A Greek And Arabic Lexicon 6

A Greek and Arabic Lexicon  6 PDF
Author: Gerhard Endress
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004121300
Size: 43.77 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 129
View: 1250

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From the eighth to the tenth century A.D., Greek scientific and philosophical works were translated wholesale into Arabic. A Greek and Arabic Lexicon is the first systematic attempt to present in an analytical and rationalized way our knowledge of the vocabulary of the translations. It is based on the glossaries included in text editions, both published and unpublished, and on other materials gleaned from various sources. The work is published in 7 fascicles of 128 pages each. The work is published in fascicules of 128 pages of lexical entries plus indexes of the Greek-Arabic correspondences, of Greek proper names and transliterated words, of variant Greek and Arabic passages, and of the Greek authors cited in the context passages.

Mathematical Reviews

Mathematical Reviews PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 72.25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages :
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Mukhtasar Kitab Al Buldan

Mukhtasar kitab al buldan PDF
Author: Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad Ibn al-Faqīh al-Hamadhānī
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 74.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Geography, Arab
Languages : en
Pages : 365
View: 2846

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Kitab Urat Al Ar By Abu L Qasim Ibn Hawqal

Kitab Urat Al ar by Abu L qasim Ibn Hawqal PDF
Author: Michael Johan de Goeje
Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers
ISBN: 9789004258693
Size: 37.30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 428
View: 923

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The journeys of Abu l-Qa¯sim Ibn H?awqal, who might have been a merchant, took him to North Africa, Spain and the southern edge of the Sahara (947-51), Egypt, Armenia and Azerbaijan (c. 955), the Arabian Peninsula, Iraq, Khuzistan, and Iran (961-69), Khwarazm and Transoxania (c. 969), and Sicily (973). By about 988 CE the final version of Ibn H?awqal's Kitab ?urat al-ar? was ready. It is effectively both a continuation and an update of al-Is?t?akhri¯'s Kita¯b al-Masa¯lik wa l-mama¯lik and is also known under that same title. Ibn ?awqal transformed what was meant as a commentary on a series of maps into a work in its own right, which also included remarks on various countries or peoples bordering on the Islamic world, e.g. the Turks, the Khazars, the towns of southern Italy, the Sudanese and the Nubians. Although he owed much to al-Is?t?akhri¯'s work, Ibn H?awqal aimed to place the text firmly within his own period. He took great care to depict a region precisely in the state and at the date that he himself had seen it, with occasional references to the distant or more recent past. This is particularly true of the notes on economic matters, which form a complete break with convention. Ibn H?awqal was the only Arab geographer of the period who really sketched a vivid picture of production.