Human Rights And Minority Rights In The European Union

Human Rights and Minority Rights in the European Union PDF
Author: Kirsten Shoraka
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113695399X
Size: 35.94 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 328
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The end of the Cold War has ushered a restructuring of the institutions of the European Community, culminating into its enlargement to Eastern Europe, under the aegis of economic integration, democracy and human rights. This book examines the development and the role of human rights in the European Union, from its inception as an economic co-operation project to an organisation of European States with a political agenda that goes beyond its borders. It argues that human rights have become an important component of the foreign policy of the European Union and that this role has grown from the inception of the Union through the Cold War and thereafter onto the process of enlargement of the Union. The book goes on to analyse the EU’s policy on minorities, as a particular example of human rights. It considers the level of their protection within the EU and the framework of international law, and compares minority rights in the older Member States including France, Germany and the UK, with newer Eastern European states.

Minority Rights In The New Europe

Minority Rights in the  new  Europe PDF
Author: Peter Cumper
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9789041111241
Size: 44.33 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 385
View: 1679

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This collection of essays examines the legal regime in the post-Cold War era which has developed in response to the demands of ethnic, racial & religious groups in Europe. In essence this volume seeks to examine the 'old' problem of national minorities in the 'new' Europe. The essays examine the response of the main institutions within Europe (i.e. the Council of Europe, OSCE & European Union), the increasing recourse of states to bilateral arrangements, the developing content of minority rights, the challenges posed by state-building & the resolution of conflicts involving national minorities. Particular issues considered include the minorities situation in the Former Yugoslavia, the situation in Ukraine (in particular in Crimea), the position of the minority Catholic population in Northern Ireland, as well as developments in the context of autonomous regimes & power-sharing arrangements. At the end of the book, a collection of documents, which supplement these chapters & are relevant to minority rights in the 'New' Europe, can be found. Whilst the book's editors are both legal academics from the United Kingdom, the contributors' backgrounds are diverse & varied, originating from a number of different countries, with expertise in a wide variety of areas.

Tensions In The Struggle For Sexual Minority Rights In Europe

Tensions in the Struggle for Sexual Minority Rights in Europe PDF
Author: Nicole J. Beger
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719069307
Size: 80.12 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 252
View: 1552

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Que(e)rying political practices in Europe is the first queer and poststructuralist reading of political rights concepts in the specific European transnational context. In the last thirty years Europe has seen the rise of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender movements fighting nationally and transnationally for participation rights in society. In addition academic theorists have increasingly paid attention to the epistemological and ontological roles gender and sexuality play in modern politics. However, in the political process of arguing for rights the centrality of those roles is mostly hidden from view in official institutional and movement discourses. This book investigates the conceptual themes of lesbian, gay, and transgender rights and lobby politics in Europe and their open and hidden relations to binary and hierarchical orders of dominance. It contributes to an understanding of the conditions upon which politics of inclusion, participation, social justice, and equality rest and why struggles for sexual minority rights have been so difficult and slow. The book illuminates how the paradigms of political discourses constitute, consolidate, and contest the meaning and cultu

European Institutions Democratization And Human Rights Protection In The European Periphery

European Institutions  Democratization  and Human Rights Protection in the European Periphery PDF
Author: Henry F. Carey
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498502059
Size: 53.83 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 458
View: 3097

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The European Union (E.U.), along with the Council of Europe, NATO, and the Office of Security and Cooperation in Europe are regional organizations which, despite their different missions, all are designed to support democracy, human rights, and the rule of law. The E.U. has required that all of its candidate countries for potential and actual membership adhere to these three criteria, along with free market practices, since its 1993 Copenhagen, inter-governmental summit. In this book, experts have contributed chapters on the European record of induced improvements in a variety of countries. Current scholarship has debated whether the rational incentives of accession to membership (conditionality theory); the normative power of European identity (socialization theory); or international legal processes (institutional theory) have explained what some claim are significant improvements. Other scholars demur, arguing that the improvements have been superficial or ephemeral, or conversely, that real improvement would have occurred anyway. Still others argue that real improvements are reversible, especially after E.U. membership is attained and regimes revert to former or new ways that erode democratization. The E.U. and its peer institutions, they suggest, are not heavy anchors to democracy in periods of economic distress, rising nationalism and extremism. Yet others argue that out of these challenges, the E.U. has saved the Euro, built even stronger institutions, and remains a beacon of desired ideals and membership among countries that conceivably could graduate from its partner organizations and eventually join the E.U. as well. Each chapter assesses what difference the E.U. and other regional organizations have made in the record of a particular country. These country chapters include those: that were candidate countries and became member states (Romania and Bulgaria in 2007 and Croatia in 2013); those that are now officially candidate countries (Iceland, Macedonia, and since 2014, Serbia); those have all signed stabilization agreements, which are usually precursors of E.U. candidature (Montenegro, Bosnia, Albania, and since 2014, despite being regarded as too large, the Ukraine, and too poor, Moldova); and finally, a new country (Kosovo), despite its non-recognition by five E.U. member states, which nonetheless appears to be on the road to eventual E.U. candidacy. This study is a highly nuanced picture of a varying European record fraught with conflicting interests, but portraying a picture of outer Europe struggling to improve because it seeks membership in a still powerful supranational organization.

Cultural And Linguistic Minorities In The Russian Federation And The European Union

Cultural and Linguistic Minorities in the Russian Federation and the European Union PDF
Author: Heiko F. Marten
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319104551
Size: 12.75 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 340
View: 3720

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This is the first comprehensive volume to compare the sociolinguistic situations of minorities in Russia and in Western Europe. As such, it provides insight into language policies, the ethnolinguistic vitality and the struggle for reversal of language shift, language revitalization and empowerment of minorities in Russia and the European Union. The volume shows that, even though largely unknown to a broader English-reading audience, the linguistic composition of Russia is by no means less diverse than multilingualism in the EU. It is therefore a valuable introduction into the historical backgrounds and current linguistic, social and legal affairs with regard to Russia’s manifold ethnic and linguistic minorities, mirrored on the discussion of recent issues in a number of well-known Western European minority situations.

Universal Human Rights In Theory And Practice

Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice PDF
Author: Jack Donnelly
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801487767
Size: 47.31 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 290
View: 2761

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(unseen), $12.95. Donnelly explicates and defends an account of human rights as universal rights. Considering the competing claims of the universality, particularity, and relativity of human rights, he argues that the historical contingency and particularity of human rights is completely compatible with a conception of human rights as universal moral rights, and thus does not require the acceptance of claims of cultural relativism. The book moves between theoretical argument and historical practice. Rigorous and tightly-reasoned, material and perspectives from many disciplines are incorporated. Paper edition Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Mechanisms For The Implementation Of Minority Rights

Mechanisms for the Implementation of Minority Rights PDF
Author: European Centre for Minority Issues
Publisher: Council of Europe
ISBN: 9287154996
Size: 73.18 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 246
View: 936

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This book, the second in the series of publications on minority issues, examines the political and legal mechanisms available at European and international levels for the implementation of minority rights standards. Chapters cover the following topics: the concept of international minority rights; UN treaty monitoring bodies, particularly the Human Rights Committee; the UN Working Group on Minorities; the International Court of Justice; the European Court of Human Rights; the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities; the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages; the CSCE/OSCE mechanism for protection of minority rights; EU standards and mechanisms for the protection of minorities and the prevention of discrimination; bilateral agreements and their implementation.

Minority Rights In The Middle East

Minority Rights in the Middle East PDF
Author: Joshua Castellino
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191668885
Size: 22.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 456
View: 7002

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Within the Middle East there are a wide range of minority groups outside the mainstream religious and ethnic culture. This book provides a detailed examination of their rights as minorities within this region, and their changing status throughout the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. The rights of minorities in the Middle East are subject to a range of legal frameworks, having developed in part from Islamic law, and in recent years subject to international human rights law and institutional frameworks. The book examines the context in which minority rights operate within this conflicted region, investigating how minorities engage with (or are excluded from) various sites of power and how state practice in dealing with minorities (often ostensibly based on Islamic authority) intersects with and informs modern constitutionalism and international law. The book identifies who exactly can be classed as a minority group, analysing in detail the different religious and ethnic minorities across the region. The book also pays special attention to the plight of minorities who are spread between various states, often as the result of conflict. It assesses the applicable domestic legislative instruments within the three countries investigated as case studies: Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon, and highlights key domestic remedies that could serve as models for ensuring greater social cohesion and greater inclusion of minorities in the political life of these countries.

Monitoring Fundamental Rights In The Eu

Monitoring Fundamental Rights in the EU PDF
Author: Philip Alston
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847310052
Size: 79.97 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 7658

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Coherent laws enforced by a central authority are part of the reason why human rights protection works at the national level in Europe. But when it comes to the EU these dimensions are lacking. The present system for protecting fundamental rights emerged on an ad hoc basis, with measures being improvised to respond to particular problems. In the next couple of years, however, this situation is likely to change very significantly. The proposed European Constitution incorporates the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights, and a specialized EU Fundamental Rights Agency is likely to be established. As a result, the situation of the EU will more closely resemble that of its Member States. Fundamental rights will occupy a central role, and coherent and systematic arrangements will be in place to protect rights, using both judicial and non-judicial means. The Fundamental Rights Agency, in particular, has immense potential to ensure effective monitoring of fundamental rights in the EU, and to ensure a unified strategy for their promotion in EU law and policy. This volume is the first to critically examine the proposals put forward by the European Commission in October 2004 on the creation of the EU Fundamental Rights Agency. Leading scholars in the field of European and international human rights law analyse the potential significance of this innovative Agency, and seek to locate it in relation to various other human rights mechanisms, both in the EU's constitutional structure and within Member States. They review the tasks which the Agency could be called upon to perform, and make proposals as to how it can function most effectively. The relationship of EU law to the international law of human rights emerging from both the United Nations and the Council of Europe is examined. The authors also address the challenge of ensuring improved coherence between EU law and the other human rights obligations undertaken by the Member States. Taken together, these contributions address urgent questions facing the EU at a time when the central unifying function of fundamental rights has been recognized but the way forward remains largely uncharted.

Minority Rights Advocacy In The Eu

Minority Rights Advocacy in the EU PDF
Author: Zsófia Farkas (Curator)
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 38.96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Human rights advocacy
Languages : en
Pages : 43
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"Over recent years, the European Union (EU) has become the most influential player in the Eastern Partnership countries (EaP). It is both a prominent development actor and a relevant political force in the region. For EaP countries' minorities this is a particularly hopeful process; with some EaP countries successfully signing Association Agreements with the EU, this relationship provides both the carrot and the stick for the states to put their international commitments into practice and effectively improve the situation of their minorities. In the course of Minority Rights Group International's (MRG's) work with partner minority and human rights non-governmental organizations (NGOs), the need was articulated for the publication of a guide to the EU for minorities. This was explained by the lack of a minority-specific tool for approaching the EU, and the fact that both general and NGO-specific knowledge on the EU is lacking among NGO practitioners as the EU still remains a distant and complex entity. In response to this need, this publication, Minority Rights Advocacy in the EU: A Guide for NGOs in the Eastern Partnership Countries was conceived, with the aim of empowering minority and human rights activists from EaP countries to advocate successfully in the EU for the effective inclusion of minority issues in their country, and the protection and promotion of minority rights in the region"--Publisher's web site.

Democracy And Human Rights In Multicultural Societies

Democracy and Human Rights in Multicultural Societies PDF
Author: Matthias Koenig
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 9780754670308
Size: 78.24 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 308
View: 5927

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Published in association with UNESCO, this volume examines the political governance of cultural diversity. Interdisciplinary to comparative social sciences, it assesses public-policy responses to ethnic, linguistic and religious diversity, and addresses the conditions, forms, and consequences of democratic and human-rights-based governance of multi-ethnic, multi-lingual and multi-faith societies.

Emerging Regional Human Rights Systems In Asia

Emerging Regional Human Rights Systems in Asia PDF
Author: Tae-Ung Baik
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107015340
Size: 12.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 330
View: 971

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Analyses the emerging human rights norms, regional institutions and enforcement mechanisms in Asia.

European Union Law

European Union Law PDF
Author: Damian Chalmers
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521527415
Size: 26.80 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 1235
View: 4112

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How can the law of the European Union be most effectively taught in the face of the EU's current upheavals? With this new book a team of specialists provide a comprehensive survey of EU law, placing it in its social, political and economic contexts. The book's innovative approach, coupled with a stimulating and accessible writing style, allows the student to engage fully with the material. The book charts the development of the European Union from its inception to the present day by exploring in detail the EU's institutions, its law-making, its administrative processes and its substantive law. Crucially, it incorporates recent key developments, such as the crisis over the Constitutional Treaty and the consequences of its apparent 'failure', as well as issues arising from an enlarged Europe. With cases and materials integrated throughout the text and recommended reading sections accompanying each chapter, this is essential reading for all European law students at undergraduate or postgraduate level.