Human Development Report 2019

Human Development Report 2019 PDF
Author: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Publisher: United Nations
ISBN: 9213582900
Size: 53.45 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 366
View: 2953

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Inequalities in human development are a roadblock to achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. They are not just about disparities in income and wealth. They cannot be accounted for simply by using summary measures of inequality that focus on a single dimension. And they will shape the prospects of people that may live to see the 22nd century. The 2019 Report explores inequalities in human development by going beyond income, beyond averages and beyond today. It asks what forms of inequality matter and what drives them, recognizing that pernicious inequalities are generally better thought of as a symptom of broader problems in a society and economy. It also asks what policies can tackle those drivers—policies that can simultaneously help nations to grow their economies, improve human development and reduce inequality.

Psychological Capital And Beyond

Psychological Capital and Beyond PDF
Author: Fred Luthans
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019931649X
Size: 74.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 248
View: 5892

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Although there are as many answers to the question of how organizations can gain competitive advantage in today's global economy as there are books and experts, one lesson seems very clear: traditional answers and resources are no longer sufficient. This seminal book offers not only an answer regarding how to gain competitive advantage through people, but also a brand new, untapped human resource--psychological capital, or simply PsyCap. Generated from both the positive-psychology movement and the authors' pioneering work on positive organizational behavior, PsyCap is a rigorous concept: to be included in PsyCap, a given positive construct must be based on theory, research, and valid measurement, must be open to development, and must have measurable performance impact. The positive constructs that have been determined to best meet these PsyCap criteria--efficacy (confidence), hope, optimism, and resiliency--are covered in separate chapters in Psychological Capital and Beyond. Following an exploration of other potential positive constructs such as creativity, wisdom, well-being, flow, humor, gratitude, forgiveness, emotional intelligence, spirituality, authenticity, and courage, the authors summarize the research demonstrating the performance impact of PsyCap. They go on to provide the PsyCap Questionnaire (PCQ) as a measurement tool, and the PsyCap Intervention (PCI) as a development aid. Psychological Capital and Beyond provides theory, research, measurements, and methods of application for psychological capital, a resource that can be developed and sustained for competitive advantage. Each copy includes a complimentary PsyCap online self-assessment.

Human Development And Global Institutions

Human Development and Global Institutions PDF
Author: Richard Ponzio
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317278526
Size: 35.58 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 184
View: 7409

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This book provides a timely and accessible introduction to the foundational ideas associated with the human development school of thought. It examines its conceptual evolution during the post-colonial era, and discusses how various institutions of the UN system have tried to engage with this issue, both in terms of intellectual and technical advance, and operationally. Showing that human development has had a profound impact on shaping the policy agenda and programming priorities of global institutions, it argues that human development has helped to preserve the continued vitality of major multilateral development programs, funds, and agencies. It also details how human development faces new risks and threats, caused by political, economic, social, and environmental forces which are highlighted in a series of engaging case studies on trade, water, energy, the environment, democracy, human rights, and peacebuilding. The book also makes the case for why human development remains relevant in an increasingly globalized world, while asking whether global institutions will be able to sustain political and moral support from their member states and powerful non-state actors. It argues that fresh new perspectives on human development are now urgently needed to fill critical gaps across borders and entire regions. A positive, forward-looking agenda for the future of global governance would have to engage with new issues such as the Sustainable Development Goals, energy transitions, resource scarcity, and expansion of democratic governance within and between nations. Redefining the overall nature and specific characteristics of what constitutes human progress in an increasingly integrated and interdependent world, this book serves as a primer for scholars and graduate students of international relations and development. It is also relevant to scholars of economics, political science, history, sociology, and women’s studies.

Mestizo

Mestizo PDF
Author: Arnoldo Carlos Vento
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 1461684730
Size: 36.86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 336
View: 7223

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This text covers over 2,000 years, tracing the roots of the contemporary Mexican-American. It utilizes the fields of history, political science, cultural anthropology, folklore, literature, sociolinguistics, Latin American studies and ethnic studies.

Culture And Human Development

Culture and Human Development PDF
Author: Wolfgang Friedlmeier
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135420939
Size: 29.92 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 376
View: 694

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As intercultural encounters between people in the modern world become more common, important questions have been raised about the nature of culture-specific differences and similarities. Focusing on the relationship between culture and human development, this timely book offers an interdisciplinary exploration of key developmental processes. It combines psychological and sociological approaches with cross-cultural research to examine phenomena such as the transfer of culture between generations and the universality of attachment theory. Drawing on detailed research from a range of cultural groups, leading international researchers consider the impact of social change and modernization on the development of the individual and at the societal level. Theoretical and methodological issues are presented in terms of how to apply the results of cross-cultural research as well as recent empirical research done in specialized areas of the field. Finally, short-term intercultural exchanges are examined and used to suggest some of the potential practical uses of cross-cultural research for the future. This book will be essential reading for anyone studying or researching in cultural psychology, cross-cultural psychology, acculturation or behavioral development. It will also prove an invaluable source of information for anyone interested in sociology and the social sciences in general.

Corruption And Human Development In Africa

Corruption and Human Development in Africa PDF
Author: Jacques P. Nguemegne
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 1456899015
Size: 67.31 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 219
View: 4392

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This study is, to the authors knowledge, the fi rst empirical cross-country analysis of the relationship between corruption and human development (HD) in Africa. In most African countries the current state of HD is critically poor. In spite of two decades of democratization and substantial economic growth or stability corruption has become endemic and tends to adversely affect HD conditions and needs. Using a pooledcross- section-across time-design and a sample of 40 African countries over many years (2003 2007) and based on an OLS Analysis, this study attempts an empirical examination of the association between corruption and HD in Africa, while holding constant economic growth, government socioeconomic or welfare expenditures and political system and, controlling for some major internal and external economic variables. As found, corruption adversely affects human development in Africa. Overall, based on the main study model (Model 1) a unit increase in the corruption level (CPI) on a scale of 1 to 10 will cause a .48 percent decrease in the state of HD (HDI).The relationship between corruption and HD is however non-linear: using Model 3 which incorporate a square term of corruption, it was found that at and below 4.577 RCPI (i.e. 5.42 normal CPI) corruptions is likely to positively affect HD whereas at and above 4.577 RCPI corruption rather tends to adversely affect HD with an increasing return. Besides, it was also found, using Model 2 which incorporates an interaction term of corruption and political system, that democratization has deceived scientists theoretical projections and peoples political expectations of the 1990s. Democracy has not improved HD in Africa. Both non-and partly democratic (i.e., authoritarian) and democratic political systems adversely affect HD. The adverse impact of corruption on HD is even worse in the latter systems. After checking for the main effect (Model 2) it appears that, as corruption increases by one unit, HD decreases by 9.48 percent in African countries with authoritarian systems. In contrast , the same one unit increase in corruption will have an additional 5.23 percent decrease in the HD of African countries with a democratic system. This study brings new insights about public policies ineffectiveness and failures to satisfy increasing HD needs in Africa. It throws new lights on the relationship existing between economic growth, democracy and corruption and HD. It suggests some policy reforms which could improve the state of HD in Africa. Overall, it is an important contribution to the theoretical and empirical body of administrative theory and knowledge.

Human Development Report

Human Development Report PDF
Author:
Publisher: Human Development Report
ISBN: 0195215621
Size: 36.85 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Economic development
Languages : en
Pages : 61
View: 6164

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The report ranks 174 countries on quality of life indicators: literacy, wealth, and life expectancy. The report indicates economic inequalities have reached "grotesque" levels.

The Millennium Development Goals And Beyond

The Millennium Development Goals and Beyond PDF
Author: Rorden Wilkinson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136251073
Size: 50.58 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 264
View: 4074

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The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have contributed to reductions in poverty and improvements in the human condition in many parts of the world since their "invention" in 2000 and 2001. It nonetheless remains the case that today, as on all the previous days of the twenty-first century, almost one billion people will go hungry. Debates about whether the MDGs have made a positive contribution to poverty eradication and/or whether they have achieved as much as they should have done are becoming more frequent as 2015 and the "end of the MDGs" approaches. This book highlights that active debate about what the MDGs have achieved and what that means for the crafting of a post-2015 international framework for action, must become a priority. The work begins by examining the global context of the goals from a variety of perspectives, and moves on to focus on the region that continues to be the most impoverished and which looks likely to fall short of meeting many of the MDGs: Africa. Presenting both a broad overview of the issues and drawing together prestigious scholars and practitioners from a variety of fields, this work provides a significant contribution to debates surrounding both global poverty and the success and future of the MDGs.

Towards Reproductive Certainty Fertility And Genetics Beyond 1999 The Plenary Proceedings Of The 11th World Congress

Towards Reproductive Certainty  Fertility and Genetics Beyond 1999  The Plenary Proceedings of the 11th World Congress PDF
Author: R. Jansen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781850700845
Size: 74.64 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 534
View: 680

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This is a forward-looking clinical reference of definitive authority on today's headline controversies surrounding in vitro fertilization (IVF) and reproductive genetics. Written by leading experts from medicine, education, psychology, ethics, counseling, and other disciplines studying fertility and genetics, the book contains nearly 70 chapters in seven sections. The introductory section deals with biology, business, morality and society in IVF and reproductive genetics; other sections focus on IVF outcomes, personal ethics and business, biology of the egg, sperm and embryo, implantation, IVF and society, and such 21st century topics as space travel and human reproduction, the disappearing male,and the future of motherhood. Includes bibliographic references and index.

Beyond The Arab Disease

Beyond the Arab Disease PDF
Author: Riad Nourallah
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415368568
Size: 78.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 144
View: 4090

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The book examines the range of roles the Arab world has been playing to various audiences on the modern and post modern stage and the issues which have arisen as a result.

Beyond The International Space Station The Future Of Human Spaceflight

Beyond the International Space Station  The Future of Human Spaceflight PDF
Author: Michael J Rycroft
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401598800
Size: 36.19 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 322
View: 3945

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Y. Fujimori, Symposium Programme Committee Chair, and Faculty Member, International Space University e-mail: [email protected] isunet. edu M. Rycroft, Faculty Member, International Space University e-mail: [email protected] isunet. edu Building on the foundations provided by the International Space Station, now partially constructed and already in use in low Earth orbit, what will be the future directions of human spaceflight? This was the key question discussed from many viewpoints - technical, entrepreneurial, governmental, legal - at the seventh Annual Symposium held in Strasbourg, France, early in June 2002. Many ideas on the "whys" and the "hows" of our future exploration of the final frontier were put forward in a stimulating environment. The unique perspective of the International Space University (ISU) - namely an interdisciplinary, international and intercultural perspective - enhanced both the presentations and the discussions. More than 150 people attended the Symposium, including the current members of the Master of Space Studies class who are attending an 11 month course at ISU. They are young professionals and postgraduate students who develop in-depth some part of the broad Symposium theme in their parallel Team Projects. Their final reports will be completed at the end of July 2002, and will be published independently. 1 Beyond the ISS: The Future of Human Spaceflight Keynote Address: A Summary The Need for a New Vision E. Vallerani, Advanced Logistic Technology Engineering Center, The Italian Gateway to the ISS, Corso Marche 79, Torino 10146, Italy e-mail: vallerani. [email protected]

Beyond Left And Right

Beyond Left and Right PDF
Author: Anthony Giddens
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804724517
Size: 12.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 276
View: 7505

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In the wake of the cataclysmic changes that have transformed the Soviet Union and Eastern European countries since 1989, what can it mean to be politically radical today? In this conceptually powerful work, the author applies his well-known and influential body of ideas about modernity to the present state and future of radical politics.