Hiv Prevention Among Young Injecting Drug Users

HIV Prevention Among Young Injecting Drug Users PDF
Author: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
Publisher: UN
ISBN: 9789211481907
Size: 44.49 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 67
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Current estimates indicate there are more than three million injecting drug users worldwide who are HIV-positive, with prevalence rates particularly high amongst young people who often lack access to basic prevention services. This publication is based on the findings of a meeting, organised by the Global Youth Network project, held in Brazil in September 2001, which included representatives from organisations working with injecting drug users in eight countries. It contains best practice guidelines for building programmes designed to reach out to young drug users with information, services and structures appropriate to their needs.

Hiv Prevention Among Young Injecting Drug Users

HIV Prevention Among Young Injecting Drug Users PDF
Author: United Nations
Publisher: UN
ISBN: 9789216480134
Size: 75.87 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 68
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ESCAP developed this training kit to support the efforts of Governments, civil society institutions and youth work personnel engaged in training young people on health issues. Its purpose is to provide them with material to train young people to be peer educators on two interrelated and critical health issues that they face in the region, namely, HIV/AIDS and substance use. The primary targets for the training kit are facilitators who train peer educators on HIV/AIDS prevention among youth. Peer educators who conduct field sessions with youth groups may also use most of the exercises. Publishing Agency: United Nations (UN).

Hiv Prevention

HIV Prevention PDF
Author: Kenneth H. Mayer
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080921297
Size: 54.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 696
View: 3819

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HIV/AIDS continues to be the pandemic of our times and there has not been a comprehensive medically based AIDS prevention book published in the last 5 years. It is estimated that 36 to 45 million people including 2-3 million children already are infected worldwide and an additional 4-7 million more are infected each year. There are about 6,000 new infections daily and about 12 million AIDS orphans. People receiving AIDS treatments feel well and have no detectable viral load, but still can infect others. And even when a vaccine is found, it will take many years before it can be administered across the developing world. * Discusses all aspects of AIDS prevention, from epidemiology, molecular immunology and virology to the principles of broad-based public health prevention interventions. * Special focus on the array of interventions that have been proven effective through rigorous study * Identifies new trends in HIV/AID epidemiology and their impact on creating and implementing prevention interventions * Incorporates virology, biology, infectious diseases, vaccinology, microbicides and research methodologies into AIDS prevention

Health And Human Rights In A Changing World

Health and Human Rights in a Changing World PDF
Author: Michael Grodin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136688560
Size: 57.47 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 644
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Health and Human Rights in a Changing World is a comprehensive and contemporary collection of readings and original material examining health and human rights from a global perspective. Editors Grodin, Tarantola, Annas, and Gruskin are well-known for their previous two volumes (published by Routledge) on this increasingly important subject to the global community. The editors have contextualized each of the five sections with foundational essays; each reading concludes with discussion topics, questions, and suggested readings. This book also includes Points of View sections—originally written perspectives by important authors in the field. Section I is a Health and Human Rights Overview that lays out the essential knowledge base and provides the foundation for the following sections. Section II brings in notions of concepts, methods, and governance framing the application of health and human rights, in particular the Human Rights-based Approaches to Health. Section III sheds light on issues of heightened vulnerability and special protection, stressing that the health and human rights record of any nation, any community, is determined by what is being done and not done about those who are most in need. Section IV focuses on addressing system failures where health and human rights issues have been documented, recognized, even at times proclaimed as priorities, and yet insufficiently attended to as a result of State denial, unwillingness, or incapacity. Section V examines the relevance of the health and human rights paradigm to a changing world, underscoring contemporary global challenges and responses. Finally, a Concluding Note brings together the key themes of this set of articles and attempts to project a vision of the future.

Preventing Hiv Infection Among Injecting Drug Users In High Risk Countries

Preventing HIV Infection Among Injecting Drug Users in High Risk Countries PDF
Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309102804
Size: 36.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 298
View: 5068

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Drug dependence is a complex, chronic, relapsing condition that is often accompanied by severe health, psychological, economic, legal, and social consequences. Injecting drug users are particularly vulnerable to HIV and other bloodborne infections (such as hepatitis C) as a result of sharing contaminated injecting equipment. All drug-dependent individuals, including injecting drug users (IDUs), may be at increased risk of HIV infection because of high-risk sexual behaviors. There are an estimated 13.2 million injecting drug users (IDUs) world-wide-78 percent of whom live in developing or transitional countries. The sharing of contaminated injecting equipment has become a major driving force of the global AIDS epidemic and is the primary mode of HIV transmission in many countries. In some cases, epidemics initially fueled by the sharing of contaminated injecting equipment are spreading through sexual transmission from IDUs to non-injecting populations, and through perinatal transmission to newborns. Reversing the rise of HIV infections among IDUs has thus become an urgent global public health challenge-one that remains largely unmet. In response to this challenge, the Institute of Medicine convened a public workshop in Geneva in December 2005 to gather information from experts on IDU-driven HIV epidemics in the most affected regions of the world with an emphasis on countries throughout Eastern Europe, the Commonwealth of Independent States, and significant parts of Asia. Experts from other regions also provided information on their experiences in preventing HIV infection among IDUs. This report provides a summary of the workshop discussions. Preventing HIV Infection among Injecting Drug Users in High Risk Countries describes the evidence on the intermediate outcomes of drug-related risk and sex-related risk prior to examining the impact on HIV transmission. This report focuses on programs that are designed to prevent the transmission of HIV among injecting drug users. These programs range from efforts to curtail non-medical drug use to those that encourage reduction in high-risk behavior among drug users. Although the report focuses on HIV prevention for IDUs in high-risk countries, the Committee considered evidence from countries around the world. The findings and recommendations of this report are also applicable to countries where injecting drug use is not the primary driver, but in which injection drug use is nevertheless associated with significant HIV transmission.

Aids Epidemic Update December 2006

AIDS Epidemic Update  December 2006 PDF
Author: Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS.
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9291735426
Size: 77.86 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 86
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This annual update reports on developments in the global HIV/AIDS epidemic and draws on the most recent data available to give global and regional estimates of its scope and human toll. Despite promising developments in global efforts to address the AIDS epidemic, including increased access to effective treatment and prevention programmes, the number of people living with HIV continues to grow, as does the number of deaths due to AIDS. Findings for 2006 include: the total number of people living with HIV is estimated at 39.5 million, 4.3 million new cases during the year and an estimated 2.9 million deaths. Sub-Saharan Africa continues to bear the brunt of the global epidemic with 63 per cent of all adults and children with HIV globally and with its epicentre in southern Africa. In the past two years, the number of people living with HIV increased in every region in the world, with the most striking increases in East Asia, Eastern Europe and Central Asia, where the number of people living with HIV in 2006 was over 21 per cent higher than in 2004.

Aids Drugs And Society

AIDS  Drugs  and Society PDF
Author: Anna Alexandrova
Publisher: IDEA
ISBN: 9780972054188
Size: 29.40 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 300
View: 2869

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Annotation "While providing background theory on harm reduction and pragmatic public health approaches to disease prevention, is focused on HIV/AIDS epidemic in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the Newly Independent States (CEE/NIS). This region now se"

Aids In Asia

AIDS in Asia PDF
Author: Jai P. Narain
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761932253
Size: 77.84 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 395
View: 3830

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AIDS poses an unprecedented health and developmental threat the world over including Asia. Ever since it emerged in the early 1980s, it has been spreading rapidly across continents and devastating millions of lives. In the process it has stretched the health-care systems and wrecked the economies and social fabric of many societies. Developing countries, including those in Asia--which has the second highest number of people living with HIV/AIDS--are the most seriously affected. In Asian countries, the problem is compounded by the lack of awareness, poverty, and inadequate funds and infrastructure. This important and comprehensive volume focuses on the epidemiological and programmatic aspects of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Asia. The contributors discuss the dynamics and determinants of HIV and cover a wide range of pertinent topics related to prevention, care and treatment. These include: - The health, economic, socio-cultural and security dimensions of HIV/AIDS - Success stories in HIV prevention and care including 100% condom programme - Antiretroviral treatment and the "3 by 5" initiative - Management of HIV and sexually-transmitted infections - Drug-related HIV - HIV vaccine development - The role of NGOs - Country-specific HIV reports The contributors highlight the lessons learned in Asia in responding to the challenge posed by HIV and the success achieved by many countries. In addition to HIV prevention, facilitating access to care--including antiretroviral treatment--despite the many problems is now a matter of crucial importance. Scaling up of innovative approaches proven effective elsewhere is also a matter of great urgency. This volume will be invaluable for all those engaged in combating HIV throughout the world. In particular, it will be of immense use to all those involved in HIV/AIDS control programmes, public health professionals, health care workers, policy makers, health administrators, as also international agencies and NGOs and community-based organizations.

Technical Report Series

Technical Report Series PDF
Author: World Health Organization
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 73.83 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Electronic journals
Languages : en
Pages :
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Mandell Douglas And Bennett S Principles And Practice Of Infectious Diseases

Mandell  Douglas  and Bennett s Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases PDF
Author: John E. Bennett, MD, MACP
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1455748013
Size: 24.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 3904
View: 2711

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After thirty five years, Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett’s Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 8th Edition is still the reference of choice for comprehensive, global guidance on diagnosing and treating the most challenging infectious diseases. Drs. John E. Bennett and Raphael Dolin along with new editorial team member Dr. Martin Blaser have meticulously updated this latest edition to save you time and to ensure you have the latest clinical and scientific knowledge at your fingertips. With new chapters, expanded and updated coverage, increased worldwide perspectives, and many new contributors, Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett’s Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 8th Edition helps you identify and treat whatever infectious disease you see. Get the answers to questions you have with more in-depth coverage of epidemiology, etiology, pathology, microbiology, immunology, and treatment of infectious agents than you'll find in any other infectious disease resource. Find the latest diagnoses and treatments for currently recognized and newly emerging infectious diseases, such as those caused by avian and swine influenza viruses. Put the latest knowledge to work in your practice with new or completely revised chapters on influenza (new pandemic strains); new Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) virus; probiotics; antibiotics for resistant bacteria; antifungal drugs; new antivirals for hepatitis B and C; Clostridium difficile treatment; sepsis; advances in HIV prevention and treatment; viral gastroenteritis; Lyme disease; Helicobacter pylori; malaria; infections in immunocompromised hosts; immunization (new vaccines and new recommendations); and microbiome. Benefit from fresh perspectives and global insights from an expanded team of international contributors. Find and grasp the information you need easily and rapidly with newly added chapter summaries. These bulleted templates include diagnosis, therapy, and prevention and are designed as a quick summary of the chapter and to enhance relevancy in search and retrieval on Expert Consult. Stay current on Expert Consult with a thorough and regularly scheduled update program that ensures access to new developments in the field, advances in therapy, and timely information. Access the information you need easily and rapidly with new succinct chapter summaries that include diagnosis, therapy, and prevention. Experience clinical scenarios with vivid clarity through a richly illustrated, full-color format that includes 1500 photographs for enhanced visual guidance.