Friedrich Engels And The Dialectics Of Nature

Friedrich Engels and the Dialectics of Nature PDF
Author: Kaan Kangal
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030343359
Size: 60.24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 213
View: 4107

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Reading different or controversial intentions into Marx and Engels’ works has been a common but somewhat unquestioned practice in the history of Marxist scholarship. Engels’ Dialectics of Nature, a torso for some and a great book for others, is a case in point. The entire Engels debate separates into two opposite views: Engels the contaminator of Marx’s “new materialism” vs. Engels the self-educated genius of dialectical materialism. What Engels, unlike Marx, has not enjoyed so far is a critical reading that considers the relationship between different layers of this standard text: authorial, textual, editorial, and interpretational. Informed by a historical hermeneutic, this book questions the elements that structure the debate on the Dialectics of Nature. It analyzes different political and philosophical functions attached to Engels’ text, and relocates the meaning of the term “dialectics” into a more precise context. Arguing that Engels’ dialectics is less complete than we usually think it is but that he achieved more than most scholars would like to admit, this book fully documents and critically analyzes Engels’ intentions and concerns in the Dialectics of Nature, the process of writing, and its reception and edition history in order to reconstruct the solved and unsolved philosophical problems in this unfinished work.

Dialectics Of Nature

Dialectics of Nature PDF
Author: Frederick Engels
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781519406163
Size: 66.84 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 246
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Dialectics of Nature is an unfinished 1883 work by Frederick Engels that applies Marxist ideas - particularly those of dialectical materialism - to science. In his 1939 preface to the work, the biologist J. B. S. Haldane states "most of the manuscript seems to have been written between 1872 and 1882, that is to say it refers to the science" of that era. "Hence it is often hard to follow if one does not know the history of the scientific practice of that time. The idea of what is now called the conservation of energy was beginning to permeate physics, chemistry and biology, but it was still very incompletely realised, and still more incompletely applied. Words such as 'force', 'motion', and 'vis viva' were used where we should now speak of energy." Some then controversial topics of Engels' day, pertaining to incomplete or faulty theories, are now settled, making some of Engels' essays dated. "Their interest lies not so much in their detailed criticism of theories, but in showing how Engels grappled with intellectual problems." One "law" proposed in the Dialectics of Nature is the "law of the transformation of quantity into quality and vice versa." Probably the most commonly cited example of this is the change of water from a liquid to a gas, by increasing its temperature (although Engels also describes other examples from chemistry). In contemporary science, this process is known as a phase transition. There has also been an effort to apply this mechanism to social phenomena, whereby population increases result in changes in social structure. Dialectics and its study was derived from the philosopher G. W. F. Hegel, who, in turn, had studied the Greek philosopher Heraclitus. Heraclitus taught that everything was constantly changing and that all things consisted of two opposite elements which changed into each other as night changes into day, light into darkness, life into death etc. Engels's work develops from the comments he had made about science in Anti-Duhring. It includes the famous The Part Played by Labour in the Transition from Ape to Man, which has also been published separately as a pamphlet. Engels argues that the hand and brain grew together, an idea supported by later fossil discoveries. Must read philosophy book, to understand about dialectical materialism."

Dialectics Of Nature

Dialectics of Nature PDF
Author: Frederick Engels
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781900007450
Size: 34.62 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 410
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This is a new edition of Engels' main work on Marxist theory.

The Friedrich Engels Collection 9 Classic Works

The Friedrich Engels Collection  9 Classic Works PDF
Author: Friedrich Engels
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781500211264
Size: 52.56 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 746
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Friedrich Engels (November 28, 1820 - August 5, 1895) was a German industrialist, social scientist, author, political theorist, philosopher, and father of Marxist theory, working in close collaboration alongside Karl Marx. In 1845, he published The Condition of the Working Class in England, based on personal observations and research. In 1848, he produced with Marx The Communist Manifesto and later he supported Marx financially to do research and write Das Kapital. After Marx's death Engels edited the second and third volumes. Additionally, Engels organized Marx's notes on the "Theories of Surplus Value" and this was later published as the "fourth volume" of Capital.Engels is commonly known as a "ruthless party tactician", "brutal ideologue", and "master tactician" when it came to purging rivals in political organizations. However, another strand of Engels's personality was one of a "gregarious", "big-hearted", and "jovial man of outsize appetites", who was referred to by his son-in-law as "the great beheader of champagne bottles." Anti-Dühring, Herr Eugen Dühring's Revolution in Science is a detailed critique of the philosophical positions of Eugen Dühring, a German philosopher and critic of Marxism. In the course of replying to Dühring, Engels reviews recent advances in science and mathematics and seeks to demonstrate the way in which the concepts of dialectics apply to natural phenomena. Many of these ideas were later developed in the unfinished work, Dialectics of Nature. The last section of Anti-Dühring was later edited and published under the separate title, Socialism: Utopian and Scientific.

Engels And The Formation Of Marxism

Engels and the Formation of Marxism PDF
Author: S. H. Rigby
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719077746
Size: 27.52 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 256
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Although Friedrich Engels was Marx's intellectual partner, he has been one of the most neglected of the major socialist thinkers. This major book aims neither to defend Engles or debunk him, but rather to engage with his thought in order to offer a critical assessment of the philosophy, social theory, and politics of Marxism. S.H. Rigby shows how many of the key issues of Marxist thought, such as Marxism's debt to Hegelianism, the nature of historical materialism and the relationship between class and gender, were most explicitly dealt with Engels, rather than by Marx himself. He examines Engels' contribution to the genesis of Marxism in the years before 1848, and examines the extent to which Engles' later writings departed for his and Marx's outlook of the 1840's, He asks whether Marx shared Engels' intellectual development, questions recent attempts to divorce the views of Marx from those of Engels, and criticizes those Marxists who have used Engels as a scapegoat in order to avoid a confrontation with problems that lie at the very heart of Marxism.

In The Spirit Of Critique

In the Spirit of Critique PDF
Author: Andrew J. Douglas
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438448414
Size: 72.76 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 183
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Offers a new perspective on the political significance of the Hegelian dialectical legacy. Focusing on the critical postures of Hegel, Marx, and a series of twentieth-century intellectuals, including Sartre, Adorno, and C. L. R. James, this book explores what dialectical thinking entails and how such thinking might speak to the lived realities of the contemporary political moment. What is revealed is not a formal method or a grand philosophical system, but rather a reflective energy or disposition—a dialectical spirit of critique—that draws normative sustenance from an emancipatory moral vision but that remains attuned principally to conflict and tension, and to the tragic uncertainties of political life. In light of the unique challenges of the late-modern age, as theorists and citizens struggle to sustain an active and coherent critical agenda, In the Spirit of Critique invites serious reconsideration of a rich and elusive intellectual tradition.

The Economic And Philosophic Manuscripts Of 1844 And The Communist Manifesto

The Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 and the Communist Manifesto PDF
Author: Karl Marx
Publisher: Prometheus Books
ISBN: 1615920722
Size: 11.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 243
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Communism as a political movement attained global importance after the Bolsheviks toppled the Russian Czar in 1917. After that time the works of Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, especially the influential Communist Manifesto (1848), enjoyed an international audience. The world was to learn a new political vocabulary peppered with "socialism," "capitalism," "the working class," "the bourgeoisie," "labor theory of value," "alienation," "economic determinism," "dialectical materialism," and "historical materialism." Marx's economic analysis of history has been a powerful legacy, the effects of which continue to be felt world-wide. Serving as the foundation for Marx's indictment of capitalism is his extraordinary work titled Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts, written in 1844 but published nearly a century later. Here Marx offers his theory of human nature and an analysis of emerging capitalism's degenerative impact on man's sense of self and his creative potential. What is man's true nature? How did capitalism gain such a foothold on Western society? What is alienation and how does it threaten to undermine the proletariat? These and other vital questions are addressed as the youthful Marx sets forth his first detailed assessment of the human condition.

Rereading The Machine In The Garden

Rereading the Machine in the Garden PDF
Author: Eric Erbacher
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593501910
Size: 26.62 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 246
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The volume reexamines the trope of the intrusive machine and the regenerative pastoral garden, laid out fifty years ago by Leo Marx inThe Machine in the Garden, one of the founding texts of American Studies. Contributions explore the lasting influence of the trope in American culture and the arts, rereading it as a dialectics where nature is as much technologized as technology is naturalized. They trace this dialectic trope in filmic and literary representations of industrial, bureaucratic, and digital gardens; they explore its function in the aftermath of the civil war, the rural electrification during the New Deal, in landscape art, and in ethnic literatures; and they discuss the historical premises and lasting influence of Leo Marx's seminal study.

The Racial Discourses Of Life Philosophy

The Racial Discourses of Life Philosophy PDF
Author: Donna V. Jones
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231518609
Size: 41.70 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 2341

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In the early twentieth century, the life philosophy of Henri Bergson summoned the élan vital, or vital force, as the source of creative evolution. Bergson also appealed to intuition, which focused on experience rather than discursive thought and scientific cognition. Particularly influential for the literary and political Négritude movement of the 1930s, which opposed French colonialism, Bergson's life philosophy formed an appealing alternative to Western modernity, decried as "mechanical," and set the stage for later developments in postcolonial theory and vitalist discourse. Revisiting narratives on life that were produced in this age of machinery and war, Donna V. Jones shows how Bergson, Nietzsche, and the poets Leopold Senghor and Aimé Césaire fashioned the concept of life into a central aesthetic and metaphysical category while also implicating it in discourses on race and nation. Jones argues that twentieth-century vitalism cannot be understood separately from these racial and anti-Semitic discussions. She also shows that some dominant models of emancipation within black thought become intelligible only when in dialogue with the vitalist tradition. Jones's study strikes at the core of contemporary critical theory, which integrates these older discourses into larger critical frameworks, and she traces the ways in which vitalism continues to draw from and contribute to its making.

Image And Identity

Image and Identity PDF
Author: R. Bruce Elder
Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press
ISBN: 1554586771
Size: 27.96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Art
Languages : en
Pages : 501
View: 3801

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What do images of the body, which recent poets and filmmakers have given us, tell us about ourselves, about the way we think and about the culture in which we live? In his new book A Body of Vision, R. Bruce Elder situates contemporary poetic and cinematic body images in their cultural context. Elder examines how recent artists have tried to recognize and to convey primordial forms of experiences. He proposes the daring thesis that in their efforts to do so, artists have resorted to gnostic models of consciousness. He argues that the attempt to convey these primordial modes of awareness demands a different conception of artistic meaning from any of those that currently dominate contemporary critical discussion. By reworking theories and speech in highly original ways, Elder formulates this new conception. The works of Brakhage, Artaud, Schneeman, Cohen and others lie naked under Elder’s razor-sharp dissecting knife and he exposes the essence of their work, cutting deeply into the themes and theses from which the works are derived. His remarks on the gaps in contemporary critical practices will likely become the focus of much debate.

Beyond Marx And Mach

Beyond Marx and Mach PDF
Author: K.M. Jensen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400998791
Size: 10.81 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 194
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A. ALEKSANDR BOGDANOV On April 7, 1928 the career of one of the most extraordinary figures of Russian and early Soviet intellectual life came to an abrupt and premature end. In the process of an experiment on blood transfusion, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Malinovsky, better known as Bogdanov, had exchanged his blood with that of a critically ill malaria victim in hopes of saving both the patient and his blood. The outcome of this may be guessed: both doctor and patient died forthwith. ! Although an extraordinary venture on Bogdanov's part, for it was part of a search for the means to immortality,2 the transfusion experiment was only one of a host of startling things he had done in his thirty years in Russian politics and public life. In actuality, the activities and achievement of his two years as director of the Soviet Union's first institute for the study of blood transfusion seem virtually insignificant beside the events of earlier years. 3 It would be fair to say that Aleksandr Bogdanov stood in a singularly prominent position in the political and intellectual life of Russia from the turn of the century to 1930. Politically, he had been Lenin's only serious rival for leadership among the Bolsheviks before 1917. In the early years of the Soviet regime, Bogdanov stood head and shoulders above any other public figure operating outside the ranks of the Party. Only a handful of men, i. e.

Socialism Utopian And Scientific

Socialism  Utopian and Scientific PDF
Author: Friedrich Engels
Publisher: Mondial
ISBN: 1595690468
Size: 45.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 97
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This volume is a reprint of Engel's masterwork, which was originally published in the late 1880s in 10 languages.

Socialism

Socialism PDF
Author: Friedrich Engels
Publisher: Resistance Books
ISBN: 9780909196868
Size: 31.54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Socialism
Languages : en
Pages : 106
View: 1102

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