Explanation Beyond Causation

Explanation Beyond Causation PDF
Author: Alexander Reutlinger
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198777949
Size: 50.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 3425

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What forms does explanation take if it is not based on causation? Fifteen leading philosophers explore this hot topic, arising from a shift in philosophical understanding of the nature of explanation which reflects actual explanatory practices in science, mathematics, and philosophy.

Because Without Cause

Because Without Cause PDF
Author: Marc Lange
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190269480
Size: 13.42 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 489
View: 7417

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Not all scientific explanations work by describing causal connections between events or the world's overall causal structure. Some mathematical proofs explain why the theorems being proved hold. In this book, Marc Lange proposes philosophical accounts of many kinds of non-causal explanations in science and mathematics. These topics have been unjustly neglected in the philosophy of science and mathematics. One important kind of non-causal scientific explanation is termed explanation by constraint. These explanations work by providing information about what makes certain facts especially inevitable - more necessary than the ordinary laws of nature connecting causes to their effects. Facts explained in this way transcend the hurly-burly of cause and effect. Many physicists have regarded the laws of kinematics, the great conservation laws, the coordinate transformations, and the parallelogram of forces as having explanations by constraint. This book presents an original account of explanations by constraint, concentrating on a variety of examples from classical physics and special relativity. This book also offers original accounts of several other varieties of non-causal scientific explanation. Dimensional explanations work by showing how some law of nature arises merely from the dimensional relations among the quantities involved. Really statistical explanations include explanations that appeal to regression toward the mean and other canonical manifestations of chance. Lange provides an original account of what makes certain mathematical proofs but not others explain what they prove. Mathematical explanation connects to a host of other important mathematical ideas, including coincidences in mathematics, the significance of giving multiple proofs of the same result, and natural properties in mathematics. Introducing many examples drawn from actual science and mathematics, with extended discussions of examples from Lagrange, Desargues, Thomson, Sylvester, Maxwell, Rayleigh, Einstein, and Feynman, Because Without Cause's proposals and examples should set the agenda for future work on non-causal explanation.

Abstract Objects

Abstract Objects PDF
Author: José L. Falguera
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030382427
Size: 35.72 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 356
View: 7078

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This volume examines the question “Do abstract objects exist?”, presenting new work from contributing authors across different branches of philosophy. The introduction overviews philosophical debate which considers: what objects qualify as abstract, what do we mean by the word "exist” and indeed, what evidence should count in favor or against the thesis that abstract objects exist. Through subsequent chapters readers will discover the ubiquity of abstract objects as each philosophical field is considered. Given the ubiquitous use of expressions that purportedly refer to abstract objects, we think that it is relevant to attend to the controversy between those who want to advocate the existence of abstract objects and those who stand against them. Contributions to this volume depict positions and debates that directly or indirectly involve taking one position or other about abstract objects of different kinds and categories. The volume provides a variety of samples of how positions for or against abstract objects can be used in different areas of philosophy in relation to different matters.

Relationships Between Perception And Action

Relationships between perception and action PDF
Author: Odmar Neumann
Publisher: Springer
ISBN:
Size: 43.66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 411
View: 1525

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This book presents a multidisciplinary approach to the study of relationships between perception and action. It reflects the renewed interest in problems of action control that has emerged in psychology during the last decade and created a new theoretical climate bringing psychology closer to the biological sciences. Each chapter presents both a particular point of view and a comprehensive overview of recent findings relevant to the author's approach.

The Fabric Of Hope

The Fabric of Hope PDF
Author: Glenn Tinder
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
ISBN: 9780802848574
Size: 32.95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 226
View: 168

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This superb new volume is addressed to everyone interested in hope, regardless of their religious or philosophical beliefs. Glenn Tinder, one of our most astute and creative thinkers, probes the failure of modern, secular hope and shows, with great sensitivity and openness, why the tenets of Christian faith offer a true and meaningful source for hope amid the widespread distress, confusion, and despondency of contemporary life. From The Critics Jean Bethke Elshtain Glenn Tinder argues compellingly that modern despondency flows from a collapse of unreasonable optimism about our individual and collective prospects. By contrast to despondency and brittle optimism, Tinder calls for a renewal of hope. Framed by Christian belief, Tinder's elegant essay reaches out to appeal to all men and women troubled by our current condition. A beautifully written and touching work. Michael Novak Tinder's weighty essay on the nature, spirituality, and politics of hope offers an illuminating perspective on a central pillar of civilization. Mary Ann Glendon "A pristine intellectual and spiritual achievement by one of the most penetrating thinkers. of our day" Richard John Neuhaus "With this essay Tinder once again vindicated his reputation as one of the most incisive thinkers and graceful writers working today. His is a most powerful argument that only a hope that has come to terms with all the reasons for despair can sustain us into a future that we do not and cannot control. Tinder's wisdom is in knowing that attention to first things requires facing up to last things."

                              PDF
Author: أفلاطون
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 57.37 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political science
Languages : ar
Pages : 288
View: 1613

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Ways Of Thinking

Ways of Thinking PDF
Author: James Davies
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
ISBN:
Size: 62.32 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 258
View: 3958

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Here is a critical thinking text that breaks out of a simplistic approach to critical thinking into a fresh consideration of two basic modes of thinking (linear and dialogical) and many different types of thinking, including linear, lateral, literary, meditative, metaphysical and historico-existential. Verbal argument is placed front and center as a dramatic form of expression in which the thinker creates his thought through dramatic dialogical social interaction. Thinking is seen as a form of acting. An extensive number of excerpts from contemporary sources makes this text historically and pedagogically relevant.

A History Of Psychology

A History of Psychology PDF
Author: Erwin Allen Esper
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 43.38 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 368
View: 3523

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Explanation And Understanding In The Human Sciences

Explanation and Understanding in the Human Sciences PDF
Author: Gurpreet Mahajan
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN:
Size: 32.91 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 155
View: 4362

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Which form of explanation is adequate for the humans sciences? Mahajan argues that social reality can be perceived in different ways--hermeneutic understanding, narrative, reason action and causal explanation--and each alters our perception of reality. A new chapter on poststructuralist and postmodern theories brings this important book up-to-date with current thinking.

Causation And Explanation

Causation and Explanation PDF
Author: Joseph Keim Campbell
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262033631
Size: 30.28 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 315
View: 4425

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Leading scholars discuss the development and application of theories of causation and explanation, offering a state-of-the-art view of current work on these two topics.

Beyond Rhetoric And Realism In Economics

Beyond Rhetoric and Realism in Economics PDF
Author: Thomas Boylan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134801963
Size: 52.89 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 264
View: 4115

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Boylan and O'Gorman inject a fresh empiricist voice into the recent debates in economic methodology.... praise the book for its careful scholarship, its intellectual novelty and its familiarity with existing methodological literature." D. Wade Hands, University of Puget Sound, USA

Environment Planning

Environment   Planning PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 11.88 MB
Format: PDF
Category : City Planning
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 3827

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Environment Planning A

Environment   Planning A  PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 51.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : City planning
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 7168

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