Evolving Human Nutrition

Evolving Human Nutrition PDF
Author: Stanley J. Ulijaszek
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521869161
Size: 18.90 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 405
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Exploration of changing human nutrition from evolutionary and social perspectives and its influence on health and disease, past and present.

Ancestral Diets And Nutrition

Ancestral Diets and Nutrition PDF
Author: Christopher Cumo
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000176096
Size: 62.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 488
View: 3782

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Ancestral Diets and Nutrition supplies dietary advice based on the study of prehuman and human populations worldwide over the last two million years. This thorough, accessible book uses prehistory and history as a laboratory for testing the health effects of various foods. It examines all food groups by drawing evidence from skeletons and their teeth, middens, and coprolites along with written records where they exist to determine peoples’ health and diet. Fully illustrated and grounded in extensive research, this book enhances knowledge about diet, nutrition, and health. It appeals to practitioners in medicine, nutrition, anthropology, biology, chemistry, economics, and history, and those seeking a clear explanation of what humans have eaten across the ages and what we should eat now. Features: Sixteen chapters examine fat, sweeteners, grains, roots and tubers, fruits, vegetables, and animal and plant sources of protein. Integrates information about diet, nutrition, and health from ancient, medieval, modern and current sources, drawing from the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities. Provides comprehensive coverage based on the study of several hundred sources and the provision of over 2,000 footnotes. Presents practical information to help shape readers’ next meal through recommendations of what to eat and what to avoid.

Diet For A Large Planet

Diet for a Large Planet PDF
Author: Chris Otter
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022670596X
Size: 28.65 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 400
View: 6528

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We are facing a world food crisis of unparalleled proportions. Our reliance on unsustainable dietary choices and agricultural systems is causing problems both for human health and the health of our planet. Solutions from lab-grown food to vegan diets to strictly local food consumption are often discussed, but a central question remains: how did we get to this point? In Diet for a Large Planet, Chris Otter goes back to the late eighteenth century in Britain, where the diet heavy in meat, wheat, and sugar was developing. As Britain underwent steady growth, urbanization, industrialization, and economic expansion, the nation altered its food choices, shifting away from locally produced plant-based nutrition. This new diet, rich in animal proteins and refined carbohydrates, made people taller and stronger, but it led to new types of health problems. Its production also relied on far greater acreage than Britain itself, forcing the nation to become more dependent on global resources. Otter shows how this issue expands beyond Britain, looking at the global effects of large agro-food systems that require more resources than our planet can sustain. This comprehensive history helps us understand how the British played a significant role in making red meat, white bread, and sugar the diet of choice—linked to wealth, luxury, and power—and shows how dietary choices connect to the pressing issues of climate change and food supply.

Human Nutrition E Book

Human Nutrition   E Book PDF
Author: Catherine Geissler
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0702044377
Size: 39.23 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 760
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This title is now available under ISBN 9780702044632. This 12th edition of Human Nutrition has been fully updated by a renowned team of international experts to ensure to ensure authoritative content and a global perspective. It provides a comprehensive resource for all those in the field of nutrition and other health sciences. Comprehensive coverage of nutrition in one, concise volume with additional material and interactive exercises on website. A similar logical chapter structure throughout and textbook features in each chapter - learning objectives, key point summaries and text boxes - facilitate learning and revision. Incorporates latest research, for example on organic foods and sustainable agriculture. Team of contributors of international repute from 11 countries guarantees authoritative text. New chapter on dietary reference values N New section on electrolytes and water balance Expanded section on HIV Website: updating between editions online-only chapters on food commodities, e.g. cereals, vegetables and fruit, meat, fish, egg, milk and milk products online examples of calculations and interactive exercises.

The Evolving Female

The Evolving Female PDF
Author: Mary Ellen Morbeck
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400822065
Size: 36.13 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 344
View: 3924

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A human female is born, lives her life, and dies within the space of a few decades, but the shape of her life has been strongly influenced by 50 million years of primate evolution and more than 100 million years of mammalian evolution. How the individual female plays out the stages of her life--from infancy, through the reproductive period, to old age--and how these stages have been formed by a long evolutionary process, is the theme of this collection. Written by leading scholars in fields ranging from evolutionary biology to cultural anthropology, these essays together examine what it means to be female, integrating the life histories of marine mammals, monkeys, apes, and humans. The result is a fascinating inquiry into the similarities among the ways females of different species balance the need for survival with their role in reproduction and mothering. The Evolving Female offers an outlook integrating life history with an intimate examination of female life paths. Behavior, anatomy and physiology, growth and development, cultural identity of women, the individual, and the society are among the topics investigated. In addition to the editors, the contributors are Linda Fedigan, Kathryn Ono, Joanne Reiter, Barbara Smuts, Mariko Hiraiwa-Hasegawa, Mary McDonald Pavelka, Caroline Pond, Robin McFarland, Silvana Borgognini Tarli and Elena Repetto, Gilda Morelli, Patricia Draper, Catherine Panter-Brick, Virginia J. Vitzthum, Alison Jolly, and Beverly McLeod.

Evolution Of Evidence For Selected Nutrient And Disease Relationships

Evolution of Evidence for Selected Nutrient and Disease Relationships PDF
Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309169496
Size: 27.24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 98
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The Committee on Examination of the Evolving Science for Dietary Supplements of the Institute of Medicine's Food and Nutrition Board was directed to review, retrospectively, selected case studies of diet and health relationships that were relevant to dietary supplements and identified as important in the National Research Council report, Diet and Health: Implications for Chronic Disease Risk (D&H) (NRC, 1989). It was then to determine the extent to which subsequent scientific evidence from the peerreviewed literature used in published reports from the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) series (IOM, 1997, 1998, 2000a, 2001) either agreed with the preliminary evidence used to support the relationship identified originally in the 1989 review or significantly modified the original hypotheses and preliminary conclusions. The committee's analysis was to include characteristics of research with apparent high probability of predicting future confirmation by new science in support of a diet and health relationship. It also was to consider characteristics of information useful to consumers that would allow them to make scientifically informed judgments about the role that a specific food component or nutrient plays in health.

Human Nutrition And Parasitic Infection Volume 107 Parasitology Supplement 1993

Human Nutrition and Parasitic Infection  Volume 107  Parasitology Supplement 1993 PDF
Author: D. W. T. Crompton
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521456012
Size: 49.92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 210
View: 3478

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This wide-ranging collection covers such topics as: nutrition support and HIV; malarial parasites and antioxidant nutrients; the impact of schistosomiases on human nutrition; ascariasis and childhood malnutrition; and hookworm infections and human iron metabolism.

Humankind Evolving

Humankind Evolving PDF
Author: A. Roberto Frisancho
Publisher: Kendall Hunt Publishing Company
Size: 15.29 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 415
View: 3832

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Diseases And Human Evolution

Diseases and Human Evolution PDF
Author: Ethne Barnes
Publisher: UNM Press
ISBN: 0826330673
Size: 49.97 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 496
View: 6707

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Urgent interest in new diseases, such as the coronavirus, and the resurgence of older diseases like tuberculosis has fostered questions about the history of human infectious diseases. How did they evolve? Where did they originate? What natural factors have stalled the progression of diseases or made them possible? How does a microorganism become a pathogen? How have infectious diseases changed through time? What can we do to control their occurrence? ; Ethne Barnes offers answers to these questions, using information from history and medicine as well as from anthropology. She focuses on changes in the patterns of human behavior through cultural evolution and how they have affected the development of human diseases. ; Writing in a clear, lively style, Barnes offers general overviews of every variety of disease and their carriers, from insects and worms through rodent vectors to household pets and farm animals. She devotes whole chapters to major infectious diseases such as leprosy, syphilis, smallpox, and influenza. Other chapters concentrate on categories of diseases ("gut bugs," for example, including cholera, typhus, and salmonella). The final chapters cover diseases that have made headlines in recent years, among them mad cow disease, West Nile virus, and Lyme disease. ; In the tradition of Berton Roueché, Hans Zinsser, and Sherwin Nuland, Ethne Barnes answers questions you never knew you had about the germs that have threatened us throughout human history.

Author: د. ستيفن ماير
Publisher: مركز براهين للأبحاث والدراسات
ISBN: 9776545270
Size: 36.59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : ar
Pages : 736
View: 3375

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في (توقيع في الخلية) يطرح ماير أول مرجع شامل لحجة التصميم الذكي المبنية على الدنا. بينما يروي قصة نجاح محاولات حل خيوط اللغز الذي لم يتعرض له داروين –كيف نشأت الحياة؟–، طور ماير حجة للنظرية التي غالبا ما يساء فهمها، مستخدما الطريقة التي استعملها داروين نفسه. بطرحه لرؤية جديدة لواحد من الألغاز المستمرة للبيولوجيا الحديثة، أثبت ماير أن أدلة التصميم الذكي ليست قائمة على الجهل أو رفض العلم، بل هي بالأحرى قائمة على أدلة علمية ساحقة، تتزايد مع الوقت. «حجة حاسمة مبنية على نقاط علمية مذهلة من أحدث ما توصل إليه العلم». - د. فيليب سكيل (بروفيسور شرفي في جامعة ولاية بنسلفانيا وعضو الأكاديمية الوطنية للعلوم) «استعراض رائع... سواءً أكنت تؤيد التصميم الذكي أو تعارضه، كتاب (توقيع في الخلية) هو كتابٌ يجب أن تقرأه». - د. سكوت ترنر (بروفيسور البيولوجيا البيئية وبيولوجيا الغابات في جامعة ولاية نيويورك) «عرض متقن للإشكالية الصعبة». - د. توماس ناجل (أستاذ بجامعة نيويورك)، في جريدة Times Literary Supplement

The Evolution Of The Human Placenta

The Evolution of the Human Placenta PDF
Author: Michael L. Power
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421408708
Size: 50.89 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 280
View: 3203

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As the active interface of the most biologically intimate connection between two living organisms, a mother and her fetus, the placenta is crucial to human evolution and survival. Michael L. Power and Jay Schulkin explore the more than 100 million years of evolution that led to the human placenta and, in so doing, they help unravel the mysteries of human life's first moments. Starting with some of the earliest events that have influenced the path of placental evolution in mammals and progressing to the specifics of the human placenta, this book examines modern gestation within an evolutionary framework. Human beings are a successful species and our numbers have increased dramatically since our earliest days on Earth. However, human fetal development is fraught with poor outcomes for both the mother and fetus that appear to be, if not unique, far more common in humans than in other mammals. High rates of early pregnancy loss, nausea and vomiting during pregnancy, preeclampsia and related maternal hypertension, and preterm birth are rare or absent in other mammals yet not unusual in humans. Power and Schulkin explain why this apparent contradiction exists and address such topics as how the placenta regulates and coordinates the metabolism, growth, and development of both mother and fetus, the placenta’s role in protecting a fetus from the mother’s immune system, and placental diseases. In the process, they reveal the vital importance of this organ—which is composed mostly of fetal cells—for us as individuals and as a species.


Proceedings PDF
Size: 18.87 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Botany
Languages : en
Pages :
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