The European Solar Radiation Atlas

The European Solar Radiation Atlas PDF
Author: J. Greif
Publisher: Presses des MINES
ISBN: 2911762215
Size: 79.42 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Solar energy
Languages : en
Pages : 118
View: 2917

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This atlas offers a unique instrument dedicated to the knowledge and exploitation of the solar resources for Europe in a broad sense, from Ural to Azores and from Northern Africa to Polar Circle. It is a powerful tool for architects, engineers, meteorologists, agronomists, local authorities, tourism professionals, as well as researchers and students. It covers the period 1981-1990. It offers fundamental knowledge on the solar radiation available at groundlevel, which is of primary importance for both the life and the climate (including the ocean) since it is the primary source of energy on Earth by far. This book describes the course of the Sun across the sky as it varieties throughout the year and with the geographical location. The interactions of the solar radiation with the atmosphere and its components (haze, turbidity, clouds, etc.), and the separation of the radiation into the direct and diffuse parts are discussed. The importance of the solar radiation in various domains is presented, with an emphasis on solar engineering, where solar energy is used to provide electricity in photovoltaics systems, to supply hot water or heat houses. Ground radiation measurement techniques and instruments are described. Satellite images are also used. They are combined with ground measurements to provide a synoptic view of the distribution of the solar radiation over Europe. The structure of the database and its main applications are described. 26 coloured maps (ten years average 1981-90) describe the solar radiation and its direct and diffuse parts. They also detail the changes with time. The value of the atlas can be usefully extended by using it in conjunction with the complementary volume and CD-ROM called : The European Solar Radiation Atlas - vol. 2: database and exploitation software, also published by Les Presses de l'Ecole des Mines. The database offers spatial (every 10 km approximately) and temporal knowledge for different timescales (front climatological means -more than 700 stations- to hourly values -7 stations-) on the solar resources: irradiation (global and its components), sunshine duration, as well as air temperatures, precipitation, water vapour pressure, air pressure in a number of stations. The software uses the database in either a "map" or a "station" mode at user choice. Once a station been selected, the program looks for all the data available for this station. The software includes algorithms covering the following fields: solar geometry, optical properties of the atmosphere, estimation of hourly slope irradiation under cloudless skies, estimation of solar irradiation values (going from daily to hourly values, conversion from horizontal to titled surfaces), spectral irradiance, illuminance, daily mean profiles of temperature and other statistical quantities (central moments, extremes, probability, cumulative probability and utilizability curves). Graphics can be displayed in 2 or 3 dimensions. Some applications studies on solar engineering can be performed too. This Atlas bas been realised on behalf of the European Commission, by a team led by the company GET (Jülich, Germany), and comprising the Deutsche Wetterdienst (Hamburg, Germany), Armines/Ecoles des Mines de Paris et de Nantes (France), Instituto Nacional de Engenharia e Tecnologia Industrial (Lisbon, Portugal), the Technical University of Lyngby (Denmark), the World Radiation Data Centre (Saint-Petersburg, Russia), and Institut Royal de Météorologie (Brussels, Belgium), John Page (Sheffield, United Kingdom) and Robert Dogniaux (Brussels, Belgium) acting as advisors.

European Solar Radiation Atlas

European Solar Radiation Atlas PDF
Author: Wolfgang Palz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642802370
Size: 12.85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 333
View: 711

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This atlas is a revised and updated version of the European Solar Radiation Atlas published in 1984. The revised version contains tables and maps displaying monthly means of global, diffuse and beam solar radiation as well as sunhours for a large number of represenative sites in Europe. Tables show radiation on both horizontal and inclined surfaces. The revisions reflect the political developments in the European Union and within neighbouring countries. The presentation of the tables has been improved and additional information is included. An enlarged text section provides an introduction to the systematics of solar radiation measurement and calculation. The solar data presented in this book is a useful source of information for the estimation of the energy harvest potential for solar systems. The data base is provided on two 3 1/2" disks for more ease in computer assisted design work.

Solar Radiation Data

Solar Radiation Data PDF
Author: Willeke Palz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400971125
Size: 48.20 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 305
View: 857

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This book gives a comprehensive overview of activities currently under way to produce, collect and compile radiation data as needed for the various types of solar energy applications in Europe. Contributions have been made by all contractors of the Commission of the European Communities, in par ticular the Meteorological Offices of the EC member countries. They all re ported on their work at a meeting which was held in October 1982 in Brussels and of which these are the proceedings. The Commission' work in this area follows a detailed strategy which was published earlier as part of the proceedings of Volume I, Series F. Series F is especially devoted to publications on the European Communities' work on solar radiation data. Other volumes within Series F are in preparation and will deal with: - solar radiation data on tilted planes; - solar radiation data derived from meteorological satellite obs- tions. In addition, two new atlases are being prepared, one showing - for the area of the European Community - maps for solar radiation on titled planes of various inclinations and orientations, and the other showing - for the whole of Europe and the Eastern part of the Mediterranean - radiation data for horizontal planes. In the latter there will also be a statistical analy sis section. Both atlases will be published in the course of 1983.

Solar Radiation Data

Solar Radiation Data PDF
Author: Commission of the European Communities
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789027713872
Size: 42.59 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 143
View: 7185

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W. PALZ, Commission of the European Communities, Directorate-General for Science, Research and Development, Brussels STRATEGY PAPER EC SOLAR ENERGY R&D PROGRAMME Project F, Solar Radiation Data - OUTLINE (Status as of April 1981) 5 ACTION 1 -Calibration and characteristics of radiometers J. -L. PLAZY, Commissariat a l'Energie Solaire, Sophia Anti­ polis, Val bonne , France 11 ACTION 2 -Short reference years H. LUND, Thermal Insulation Laboratory, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark 19 ACTION 3 -ATLAS AND DATA BOOKS (from existing data) ACTION 3. 1 - Global irradiance on horizontal plane - Definition of radiation climate zones in the EC F. KASTEN, Deutscher Wetterdienst, Meteorologisches Obser- torium Hamburg, Federal Republic of Germany 28 ACTION 3. 2 - Global irradiance on tilted planes - Direct radiation R. DOGNIAUX, Institut Royal Meteorologique de Belgique 37 ACTION 3. 3 -Statistical analysis of meteorological data J. A. BEDEL, Direction de la Meteorologie, Service Meteoro- gique metropolitain, Paris, France 53 ACTION 3. 4 -Sensitivity analysis of the useful energy output for solar converters with respect to quality and completeness of meteorological data sets H. R. KOCH, KFA Julieh, Institut fUr Kernphysik 74 ACTION 4 -NEW MEASUREMENTS AND TECHNOLOGIES ACTION 4. 1 -Improvement of measurements in national network- global, direct, diffuse irradiance and irradiance on inclined surfaces J. W. GRUETER, Kernforschungsanlage Julich, Federal Republic of Germany 92 ACTION 4. 2 - Special measurements J. -L.

Modeling Solar Radiation At The Earth S Surface

Modeling Solar Radiation at the Earth s Surface PDF
Author: Viorel Badescu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540774556
Size: 65.73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 517
View: 6195

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Solar radiation data is important for a wide range of applications, e.g. in engineering, agriculture, health sector, and in many fields of the natural sciences. A few examples showing the diversity of applications may include: architecture and building design, e.g. air conditioning and cooling systems; solar heating system design and use; solar power generation; evaporation and irrigation; calculation of water requirements for crops; monitoring plant growth and disease control; skin cancer research.

100 Years Of Electrical Imaging

100 Years of Electrical Imaging PDF
Author: William Lionheart
Publisher: Presses des MINES
ISBN: 2911256875
Size: 64.23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Electric prospecting
Languages : en
Pages : 192
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Energy In Architecture

Energy in Architecture PDF
Author: John R. Goulding
Publisher: Trafalgar Square Publishing
ISBN:
Size: 20.94 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 339
View: 1295

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A detailed design guide to energy-efficient, passive solar architecture, drawing together essential information from leading European practitioners and world experts. The book includes arguments for energy conservation in Europe and a review of CEC solar programmes. The first section of the book concentrates on the environment, providing an analysis of European climates, with examples of typical architectural responses, both traditional and modern. A topographical analysis of a range of locations including coastal, plain and woodland locations, illustrating different architectural choices in a representative range. The second section looks at buildings examining such issues as passive solar heating strategies, daylighting control systems and evaluation methods.

Assessment Of Climate Change For The Baltic Sea Basin

Assessment of Climate Change for the Baltic Sea Basin PDF
Author: BACC Author Team
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540727866
Size: 38.92 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 474
View: 5226

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This book offers an up-to-date overview of the latest scientific findings in regional climate research on the Baltic Sea basin. This includes climate changes in the recent past, climate projections up until 2100 using the most sophisticated regional climate models available, and an assessment of climate change impacts on terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems. The authors demonstrate that the regional climate has already started to change, and will continue to do so.