Fundamental Contributions To The Continuum Theory Of Evolving Phase Interfaces In Solids

Fundamental Contributions to the Continuum Theory of Evolving Phase Interfaces in Solids PDF
Author: John M. Ball
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642599389
Size: 42.56 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 474
View: 641

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A traditional way to honor distinguished scientists is to combine collections of papers solicited from friendly colleagues into dedicatory volumes. To honor our friend and colleague Mort Gurtin on the occasion of his sixty-fifth birthday, we followed a surer path to produce a work of intrinsic and lasting scientific value: We collected pa pers that we deemed seminal in the field of evolving phase interfaces in solids, a field to which Mort Gurtin himself has made fundamental contributions. Our failure for lack of space to include in this volume every paper of major significance is mitigated by the ma gisterial introduction prepared by Eliot Fried, which assesses the contributions of nu merous works. We hope that this collection will prove useful and stimulating to both researchers and students in this exciting field. August 1998 JohnM. Ball David Kinderlehrer Paulo Podio-Guidugli Marshall Slemrod Contents Introduction: Fifty Years of Research on Evolving Phase Interfaces By Eliot Fried. 0 •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 0 ••••• 1 I. Papers on Materials Science Surface Tension as a Motivation for Sintering By C. Herring 33 Two-Dimensional Motion of Idealized Grain Boundaries By W. W. Mullins 0 ••••••••••• 0 ••••••••••••••••••• 70 Morphological. Stability of a Particle Growing by Diffusion or Heat Flow By w. w. Mullins and R. F. Sekerka 75 Energy Relations and the Energy-Momentum Tensor in Continuum Mechanics By J. D. Eshelby 82 The Interactions of Composition and Stress in Crystalline Solids By F. e. Larche and 1. W. Cahn 120 II.

Scientific And Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 56.59 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Aeronautics
Languages : en
Pages :
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Lists citations with abstracts for aerospace related reports obtained from world wide sources and announces documents that have recently been entered into the NASA Scientific and Technical Information Database.

Quantum Theory Of Real Materials

Quantum Theory of Real Materials PDF
Author: James R. Chelikowsky
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792396666
Size: 78.86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 550
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A Festschrift in honor of Professor Marvin L. Cohen This volume is a Festschrift in honor of Professor Marvin L. Cohen. The articles, contributed by leading researchers in condensed matter physics, high-light recent advances in the use of quantum theory to explain and predict properties of real materials. The invention of quantum mechanics in the 1920's provided detailed descriptions of the electronic structure of atoms. However, a similar understanding of solids has been achieved only in the past 30 years, owing to the complex electron-ion and electron electron interactions in these systems. Professor Cohen is a central figure in this achievement. His development of the pseudopotential and total energy methods provided an alternate route using computers for the exploration of solids and new materials even when they have not yet been synthesized. Professor Cohen's contributions to materials theory have been both fundamental and encompassing. The corpus of his work consists of over 500 papers and a textbook. His band structures for semiconductors are used worldwide by researchers in solid state physics and chemistry and by device engineers. Professor Cohen's own use of his theories has resulted in the determination of the electronic structure, optical properties, structural and vibrational properties, and superconducting properties of numerous condensed matter systems including semiconductors, metals, surfaces, interfaces, defects in solids, clusters, and novel materials such as the fullerides and nanotubes.

Solid Surfaces Interfaces And Thin Films

Solid Surfaces  Interfaces and Thin Films PDF
Author: Hans Lüth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540423317
Size: 40.79 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 559
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This book emphasises both experimental and theoretical aspects of surface, interface and thin film physics. Compa- red to the earlier editions, which bore the title "Surfaces and Interfaces of Solid Materials", the book now places more emphasis on thin films, including also their superconducting and ferromagnetic properties. The present 4th edition thus presents techniques of preparing well-defined solid surfaces and interfaces, fundamental aspects of adsorption and layer growth, as well as basic models for the descripti- on of structural, vibronic and electronic properties of sur- faces, interfaces and thin films. Because of their importan- ce for modern information technology, significant attention is paid to the electronic properties of semiconductor inter- faces and heterostructures. Collective phenomena , such as superconductivity and ferromagnetism, also feature promi- nently. Experimental sections covering essential measurement and preparation techniques are presented in separate panels.

Liquids Solutions And Interfaces

Liquids  Solutions  and Interfaces PDF
Author: W. Ronald Fawcett
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198025443
Size: 71.47 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 638
View: 4146

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Fifty years ago solution chemistry occupied a major fraction of physical chemistry textbooks, and dealt mainly with classical thermodynamics, phase equilibria, and non-equilibrium phenomena, especially those related to electrochemistry. Much has happened in the intervening period, with tremendous advances in theory and the development of important new experimental techniques. This book brings the reader through the developments from classical macroscopic descriptions to more modern microscopic details.

The Quantum Theory Of Atoms In Molecules

The Quantum Theory of Atoms in Molecules PDF
Author: Chérif F. Matta
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527307486
Size: 76.32 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 527
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This book distills the knowledge gained from research into atoms in molecules over the last 10 years into a unique, handy reference. Throughout, the authors address a wide audience, such that this volume may equally be used as a textbook without compromising its research-oriented character. Clearly structured, the text begins with advances in theory before moving on to theoretical studies of chemical bonding and reactivity. There follow separate sections on solid state and surfaces as well as experimental electron densities, before finishing with applications in biological sciences and drug-design. The result is a must-have for physicochemists, chemists, physicists, spectroscopists and materials scientists.

Magnetic Thin Films Multilayers And Superlattices

Magnetic Thin Films  Multilayers and Superlattices PDF
Author: A. Fert
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444596690
Size: 76.90 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 242
View: 4161

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Materials Research in thin and ultrathin magnetic structures is a multidisciplinary field which heavily relies on state-of-the-art growth, characterization and theoretical approaches to build a comprehensive physical picture on how magnetic properties depend on interfacial structural issues, interlayer coupling and transport phenomena. Often in this field, the critical properties and characterization required necessitates knowledge of structural and magnetic phenomena extending over several atomic planes. Atomic controlled growth techniques are required and atomic sensitivity is needed from magnetic and structural probes. This critical knowledge is vital for device applications, providing the basis for the synergistic interactions that are predominant in this field of research. This volume is the definitive reference source for anyone interested in the latest advances and results of current experimental research in ultrathin film magnetism.

Fundamentals Of Adhesion

Fundamentals of Adhesion PDF
Author: L.H. Lee
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306434709
Size: 74.27 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 454
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Evolved as a reference book for participants at a short annual fall course at the State University of New York at New Paltz. This first volume concentrates on adhesion with or without the use of an adhesive. Second volume title 'Adhesive bonding' deals with bonding with the aid of adhesives.

Vibrations At Surfaces 1985

Vibrations At Surfaces 1985 PDF
Author: N.V. Richardson
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 008096060X
Size: 75.87 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 714
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This volume contains almost all of the 79 papers presented at the Fourth International Conference on Vibrations at Surfaces. The proceedings reflect the significant advances that have been made in the field of surface vibrations since the previous conference on the topic held in 1982. The presented papers showed a tendency of development in new directions, particularly in relation to dynamical effects occurring in atom and molecule-surface interactions. These proceedings cover the field of surface vibrational spectroscopy in such a way as to make the book an asset to those involved in both experimental and theoretical work in this field.

Modern Techniques For Characterizing Magnetic Materials

Modern Techniques for Characterizing Magnetic Materials PDF
Author: Yimei Zhu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402080074
Size: 56.62 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 600
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Modern Techniques for Characterizing Magnetic Materials provides an extensive overview of novel characterization tools for magnetic materials including neutron, photon and electron scatterings and other microscopy techniques by world-renowned scientists. This interdisciplinary reference describes all available techniques to characterize and to understand magnetic materials, techniques that cover a wide range of length scales and belong to different scientific communities. The diverse contributions enhance cross-discipline communication, while also identifying both the drawbacks and advantages of different techniques, which can result in deriving effective combinations of techniques that are especially fruitful at nanometer scales. It will be a valuable resource for all graduate students, researchers, engineers and scientists who are interested in magnetic materials including their crystal structure, electronic structure, magnetization dynamics and their associated magnetic properties and underlying magnetism.

Solid State Physics

Solid State Physics PDF
Author: Henry Ehrenreich
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780126077568
Size: 41.27 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 483
View: 6406

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'Solid state physics', continues the serial's tradition of excellence by focusing on the optical and electronic properties and applications of semiconductors. All of the topics in this volume are at the cutting-edge of research in the semiconductor field and will be of great interest to the scientific community.

Surface Physics

Surface Physics PDF
Author: Marina V. Mamonova
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466594349
Size: 25.76 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 384
View: 7738

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The demands of production, such as thin films in microelectronics, rely on consideration of factors influencing the interaction of dissimilar materials that make contact with their surfaces. Bond formation between surface layers of dissimilar condensed solids—termed adhesion—depends on the nature of the contacting bodies. Thus, it is necessary to determine the characteristics of adhesion interaction of different materials from both applied and fundamental perspectives of surface phenomena. Given the difficulty in obtaining reliable experimental values of the adhesion strength of coatings, the theoretical approach to determining adhesion characteristics becomes more important. Surface Physics: Theoretical Models and Experimental Methods presents straightforward and efficient approaches and methods developed by the authors that enable the calculation of surface and adhesion characteristics for a wide range of materials: metals, alloys, semiconductors, and complex compounds. The authors compare results from the proposed theories—developed within the framework of the electron density functional theory and dielectric formalism—to experimental data. The book begins with a discussion of the thermodynamics of surface phenomena and covers experimental and theoretical methods for studying surface characteristics of solids. Chapters describe calculations of surface and adhesion characteristics of metals using the density functional method. They also examine the calculation of adhesion characteristics of metals, semiconductors, and complex compounds based on dielectric formalism. In addition, the text covers dry friction, adsorption of metal atoms, and ferromagnetic films. The principles and methods presented in this book are useful in selecting optimum materials and coatings for various applications, including minimizing friction for increased efficiency of microelectronic components.

Handbook Of Surface And Interface Analysis

Handbook of Surface and Interface Analysis PDF
Author: John C. Riviere
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824700805
Size: 10.33 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 968
View: 1762

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Integrating advances in instrumentation and methods, this work offers an approach to solving problems in surface and interface analysis, beginning with a particular problem and then explaining the most rational and efficient route to a solution. The book discusses electron optical and scanned probe microscopy, high spatial resolution imaging and synchrotron-based techniques. It emphasizes problem-solving for different classes of materials and material function.