Celia A Slave

Celia  a Slave PDF
Author: Melton A. McLaurin
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 9780820341590
Size: 40.86 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : en
Pages : 160
View: 6244

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Illuminating the moral dilemmas that lie at the heart of a slaveholding society, this book tells the story of a young slave who was sexually exploited by her master and ultimately executed for his murder. Celia was only fourteen years old when she was acquired by John Newsom, an aging widower and one of the most prosperous and respected citizens of Callaway County, Missouri. The pattern of sexual abuse that would mark their entire relationship began almost immediately. After purchasing Celia in a neighboring county, Newsom raped her on the journey back to his farm. He then established her in a small cabin near his house and visited her regularly (most likely with the knowledge of the son and two daughters who lived with him). Over the next five years, Celia bore Newsom two children; meanwhile, she became involved with a slave named George and resolved at his insistence to end the relationship with her master. When Newsom refused, Celia one night struck him fatally with a club and disposed of his body in her fireplace. Her act quickly discovered, Celia was brought to trial. She received a surprisingly vigorous defense from her court-appointed attorneys, who built their case on a state law allowing women the use of deadly force to defend their honor. Nevertheless, the court upheld the tenets of a white social order that wielded almost total control over the lives of slaves. Celia was found guilty and hanged. Melton A. McLaurin uses Celia's story to reveal the tensions that strained the fabric of antebellum southern society. Celia's case demonstrates how one master's abuse of power over a single slave forced whites to make moral decisions about the nature of slavery. McLaurin focuses sharply on the role of gender, exploring the degree to which female slaves were sexually exploited, the conditions that often prevented white women from stopping such abuse, and the inability of male slaves to defend slave women. Setting the case in the context of the 1850s slavery debates, he also probes the manner in which the legal system was used to justify slavery. By granting slaves certain statutory rights (which were usually rendered meaningless by the customary prerogatives of masters), southerners could argue that they observed moral restraint in the operations of their peculiar institution. An important addition to our understanding of the pre-Civil War era, Celia, A Slave is also an intensely compelling narrative of one woman pushed beyond the limits of her endurance by a system that denied her humanity at the most basic level.

Celia A Slave

Celia  a Slave PDF
Author: Melton Alonza McLaurin
Publisher: Turtleback
ISBN: 9780606160865
Size: 34.79 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages :
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Follows a landmark moment in American slavery as culled from court records, correspondence, and newspaper accounts that recorded the trial and execution of Celia, who killed her master in self-defense after five years of physical and sexual abuse

Race On Trial

Race on Trial PDF
Author: Annette Gordon-Reed
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198028666
Size: 43.95 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 248
View: 3675

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This book of twelve original essays will bring together two themes of American culture: law and race. The essays fall into four groups: cases that are essential to the history of race in America; cases that illustrate the treatment of race in American history; cases of great fame that became the trials of the century of their time; and cases that made important law. Some of the cases discussed include Amistad, Dred Scott, Plessy v. Ferguson, Scottsboro, Korematsu v. US, Brown v. Board, Loving v. Virginia, Regents v. Bakke, and OJ Simpson. All illustrate how race often determined the outcome of trials, and how trials that confront issues of racism provide a unique lens on American cultural history. Cases include African-Americans, Asian-Americans, and Caucasians. Contributors include a mix of junior and senior scholars in law schools and history departments.

Unveiling The Harem

Unveiling the Harem PDF
Author: Mary Ann Fay
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 0815651708
Size: 51.78 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 331
View: 6757

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A history of elite women who were concubines and wives of powerful slave-soldiers, known as Mamluks, who dominated Egypt both politically and militarily in the eighteenth century.

Enslaved Women In America An Encyclopedia

Enslaved Women in America  An Encyclopedia PDF
Author: Daina Ramey Berry Ph.D.
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313349096
Size: 34.33 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 381
View: 7715

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This singular reference provides an authoritative account of the daily lives of enslaved women in the United States, from colonial times to emancipation following the Civil War. Through essays, photos, and primary source documents, the female experience is explored, and women are depicted as central, rather than marginal, figures in history. • Dozens of photos of former enslaved women • Detailed historical timeline • Numerous rare primary documents, including runaway slave advertisements and even a plantation recipe for turtle soup • Profiles of noted female slaves and their works

Black Slaves Indian Masters

Black Slaves  Indian Masters PDF
Author: Barbara Krauthamer
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 1469607115
Size: 10.80 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 232
View: 3448

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From the late eighteenth century through the end of the Civil War, Choctaw and Chickasaw Indians bought, sold, and owned Africans and African Americans as slaves, a fact that persisted after the tribes' removal from the Deep South to Indian Territory. The tribes formulated racial and gender ideologies that justified this practice and marginalized free black people in the Indian nations well after the Civil War and slavery had ended. Through the end of the nineteenth century, ongoing conflicts among Choctaw, Chickasaw, and U.S. lawmakers left untold numbers of former slaves and their descendants in the two Indian nations without citizenship in either the Indian nations or the United States. In this groundbreaking study, Barbara Krauthamer rewrites the history of southern slavery, emancipation, race, and citizenship to reveal the centrality of Native American slaveholders and the black people they enslaved. Krauthamer's examination of slavery and emancipation highlights the ways Indian women's gender roles changed with the arrival of slavery and changed again after emancipation and reveals complex dynamics of race that shaped the lives of black people and Indians both before and after removal.

Rebels In Law

Rebels in Law PDF
Author: John Clay Smith
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472086467
Size: 27.63 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 323
View: 4873

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The reflections on their lives in law of pioneer black women lawyers

Fateful Lightning

Fateful Lightning PDF
Author: Allen C. Guelzo
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199939365
Size: 50.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 592
View: 6229

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The Civil War is the greatest trauma ever experienced by the American nation, a four-year paroxysm of violence that left in its wake more than 600,000 dead, more than 2 million refugees, and the destruction (in modern dollars) of more than $700 billion in property. The war also sparked some of the most heroic moments in American history and enshrined a galaxy of American heroes. Above all, it permanently ended the practice of slavery and proved, in an age of resurgent monarchies, that a liberal democracy could survive the most frightful of challenges. In Fateful Lightning, two-time Lincoln Prize-winning historian Allen C. Guelzo offers a marvelous portrait of the Civil War and its era, covering not only the major figures and epic battles, but also politics, religion, gender, race, diplomacy, and technology. And unlike other surveys of the Civil War era, it extends the reader's vista to include the postwar Reconstruction period and discusses the modern-day legacy of the Civil War in American literature and popular culture. Guelzo also puts the conflict in a global perspective, underscoring Americans' acute sense of the vulnerability of their republic in a world of monarchies. He examines the strategy, the tactics, and especially the logistics of the Civil War and brings the most recent historical thinking to bear on emancipation, the presidency and the war powers, the blockade and international law, and the role of intellectuals, North and South. Written by a leading authority on our nation's most searing crisis, Fateful Lightning offers a vivid and original account of an event whose echoes continue with Americans to this day.

African American Women Speak Out On Anita Hill Clarence Thomas

African American Women Speak Out on Anita Hill Clarence Thomas PDF
Author: Geneva Smitherman
Publisher: Wayne State University Press
ISBN: 9780814325308
Size: 44.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 276
View: 5675

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An essential voice has been added to the ongoing national debate and public discourse on race, class, and gender. African American Women Speak Out on Anita Hill-Clarence Thomas is the first commentary on the Anita Hill-Clarence Thomas confrontation written exclusively by African American women. Margaret Walker Alexander, Angela Y. Davis, Darlene Clark Hine, Harriette McAdoo, Julianne Malveaux, and other scholars and writers offer reflections and in-depth analyses on one of the most wrenching public dramas in recent history. Diverse and interdisciplinary in scope, the contributions clarify the significance of the event and examine the broader ramifications for the African American community and the nation.

The New Encyclopedia Of Southern Culture

The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture PDF
Author: Larry J. Griffin
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 0807882542
Size: 54.80 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Reference
Languages : en
Pages : 528
View: 472

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This volume of The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture offers a timely, authoritative, and interdisciplinary exploration of issues related to social class in the South from the colonial era to the present. With introductory essays by J. Wayne Flynt and by editors Larry J. Griffin and Peggy G. Hargis, the volume is a comprehensive, stand-alone reference to this complex subject, which underpins the history of the region and shapes its future. In 58 thematic essays and 103 topical entries, the contributors explore the effects of class on all aspects of life in the South--its role in Indian removal, the Civil War, the New Deal, and the civil rights movement, for example, and how it has been manifested in religion, sports, country and gospel music, and matters of gender. Artisans and the working class, indentured workers and steelworkers, the Freedmen's Bureau and the Knights of Labor are all examined. This volume provides a full investigation of social class in the region and situates class concerns at the center of our understanding of Southern culture.

North Carolinians In The Era Of The Civil War And Reconstruction

North Carolinians in the Era of the Civil War and Reconstruction PDF
Author: Paul D. Escott
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 0807837261
Size: 78.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 6220

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Although North Carolina was a "home front" state rather than a battlefield state for most of the Civil War, it was heavily involved in the Confederate war effort and experienced many conflicts as a result. North Carolinians were divided over the issue of secession, and changes in race and gender relations brought new controversy. Blacks fought for freedom, women sought greater independence, and their aspirations for change stimulated fierce resistance from more privileged groups. Republicans and Democrats fought over power during Reconstruction and for decades thereafter disagreed over the meaning of the war and Reconstruction. With contributions by well-known historians as well as talented younger scholars, this volume offers new insights into all the key issues of the Civil War era that played out in pronounced ways in the Tar Heel State. In nine essays composed specifically for this volume, contributors address themes such as ambivalent whites, freed blacks, the political establishment, racial hopes and fears, postwar ideology, and North Carolina women. These issues of the Civil War and Reconstruction eras were so powerful that they continue to agitate North Carolinians today. Contributors: David Brown, Manchester University Judkin Browning, Appalachian State University Laura F. Edwards, Duke University Paul D. Escott, Wake Forest University John C. Inscoe, University of Georgia Chandra Manning, Georgetown University Barton A. Myers, University of Georgia Steven E. Nash, University of Georgia Paul Yandle, West Virginia University Karin Zipf, East Carolina University

The Claims Of Kinfolk

The Claims of Kinfolk PDF
Author: Dylan C. Penningroth
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 0807862134
Size: 31.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 7515

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In The Claims of Kinfolk, Dylan Penningroth uncovers an extensive informal economy of property ownership among slaves and sheds new light on African American family and community life from the heyday of plantation slavery to the "freedom generation" of the 1870s. By focusing on relationships among blacks, as well as on the more familiar struggles between the races, Penningroth exposes a dynamic process of community and family definition. He also includes a comparative analysis of slavery and slave property ownership along the Gold Coast in West Africa, revealing significant differences between the African and American contexts. Property ownership was widespread among slaves across the antebellum South, as slaves seized the small opportunities for ownership permitted by their masters. While there was no legal framework to protect or even recognize slaves' property rights, an informal system of acknowledgment recognized by both blacks and whites enabled slaves to mark the boundaries of possession. In turn, property ownership--and the negotiations it entailed--influenced and shaped kinship and community ties. Enriching common notions of slave life, Penningroth reveals how property ownership engendered conflict as well as solidarity within black families and communities. Moreover, he demonstrates that property had less to do with individual legal rights than with constantly negotiated, extralegal social ties.

Quentin Tarantino S Django Unchained

Quentin Tarantino s Django Unchained PDF
Author: Oliver C. Speck
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1623567807
Size: 19.39 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Performing Arts
Languages : en
Pages : 328
View: 3631

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Django Unchained is certainly Quentin Tarantino's most commercially-successful film and is arguably also his most controversial. Fellow director Spike Lee has denounced the representation of race and slavery in the film, while many African American writers have defended the white auteur. The use of extremely graphic violence in the film, even by Tarantino's standards, at a time when gun control is being hotly debated, has sparked further controversy and has led to angry outbursts by the director himself. Moreover, Django Unchained has become a popular culture phenomenon, with t-shirts, highly contentious action figures, posters, and strong DVD/BluRay sales. The topic (slavery and revenge), the setting (a few years before the Civil War), the intentionally provocative generic roots (Spaghetti Western and Blaxploitation) and the many intertexts and references (to German and French culture) demand a thorough examination. Befitting such a complex film, the essays collected here represent a diverse group of scholars who examine Django Unchained from many perspectives.

Gender And Law

Gender and Law PDF
Author: Katharine T. Bartlett
Publisher: Aspen Publishers
ISBN:
Size: 80.87 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Feminist jurisprudence
Languages : en
Pages : 1185
View: 6927

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This extremely coherent and balanced presentation supplies a deeper, more solid intellectual framework for analyzing and questioning legal doctrines and policies as they pertain to sexual discrimination. Special features include: emphasizing alternative, often competing, perspectives, Bartlett and Harris organize their book around the major theoretical models for conceptualizing the relationship between gender and law, including: formal equality; substantive equality; nonsubordination or dominance theory; different voice theory; autonomy; and anti-essentialism. 'Putting theory into practice' sections in every chapter provide concrete problems that ask students to apply the different theoretical models studied. New cases and materials in every section include: sexual harassment; discrimination based on sexual orientation; glas ceiling issues; judicial bias; pregnancy and employment; and rape and domestic violence. A solid and reliable Teacher's Manual provides analysis, supplementary materials, case citations and other sources relating To The book's problems, notes, and questions. For current, candid, and intellectually rigorous approach To The field, use the new edition of a casebook that has proved its quality over time; GENDER AND LAW: Theory, Doctrine, Commentary, Second Edition.