Caught In The Middle East

Caught in the Middle East PDF
Author: Peter L. Hahn
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 9780807857007
Size: 43.35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 398
View: 875

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Postwar American officials desired, in principle, to promote Arab-Israeli peace in order to stabilize the Middle East. This book shows how, during the Truman and Eisenhower administrations, the desire for peace was not always an American priority. Instead, they consistently gave more weight to their determination to contain the Soviet Union.

Caught In Crossfire

Caught in Crossfire PDF
Author: P. R. Kumaraswamy
Publisher: ISBS
ISBN: 9780863723315
Size: 33.13 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 242
View: 4440

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Also includes information on Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigade.

The Pragmatic Superpower Winning The Cold War In The Middle East

The Pragmatic Superpower  Winning the Cold War in the Middle East PDF
Author: Ray Takeyh
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393285561
Size: 18.50 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 1882

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A bold reexamination of U.S. influence in the Middle East during the Cold War. The Arab Spring, Iran’s nuclear ambitions, the Iraq war, and the Syrian civil war—these contemporary conflicts have deep roots in the Middle East’s postwar emergence from colonialism. In The Pragmatic Superpower, foreign policy experts Ray Takeyh and Steven Simon reframe the legacy of U.S. involvement in the Arab world from 1945 to 1991 and shed new light on the makings of the contemporary Middle East. Cutting against conventional wisdom, the authors argue that, when an inexperienced Washington entered the turbulent world of Middle Eastern politics, it succeeded through hardheaded pragmatism—and secured its place as a global superpower. Eyes ever on its global conflict with the Soviet Union, America shrewdly navigated the rise of Arab nationalism, the founding of Israel, and seminal conflicts including the Suez War and the Iranian revolution. Takeyh and Simon reveal that America’s objectives in the region were often uncomplicated but hardly modest. Washington deployed adroit diplomacy to prevent Soviet infiltration of the region, preserve access to its considerable petroleum resources, and resolve the conflict between a Jewish homeland and the Arab states that opposed it. The Pragmatic Superpower provides fascinating insight into Washington’s maneuvers in a contest for global power and offers a unique reassessment of America’s cold war policies in a critical region of the world. Amid the chaotic conditions of the twenty-first century, Takeyh and Simon argue that there is an urgent need to look back to a period when the United States got it right. Only then will we better understand the challenges we face today.

Instability In The Middle East

Instability in the Middle East PDF
Author: Černý, Karel
Publisher: Charles University in Prague, Karolinum Press
ISBN: 8024634279
Size: 58.45 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 478
View: 3619

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Middle Eastern instability is manifest externally in many ways: by crises afflicting governing regimes, the rise of political Islam, terrorism, revolution, civil war, increased migration, and the collapse of many states. This book examines the roots of this instability using a theoretically original and empirically supported historical sociological comparative analysis. Up till now interpretations of the development of the post-colonial Middle East have been dominated by two opposing theses. The first views the region as backward, unchanging and rigid, the second as undergoing excessively rapid transformation. This book offers an alternative perspective focusing on the highly uneven and unsynchronised pace of change in individual dimensions of Middle Eastern modernisation. What we are seeing is (1) rapid socio-demographic change (a sharp increase in the population and the proportion of young people, rapid urbanisation, and the expansion of the media and education), (2) slower and unstable economic change (dependency on oil exports, high unemployment), and (3) slow or regressive political change (erosion of the capacity to govern, the absence of democratisation and liberalisation). The theoretical model employed emerged from a critical reading of theories of modernisation and a concept of multiple modernities that also allows for an interrogation of the broader cultural, religious and international political context of uneven modernisation in the Middle East. This model is then tested empirically using the time series (1960–2010) of dozens of indicators covering the demographic, social, economic and political dimensions of the modernisation process. In general the book does not concentrate on externally monitorable political actors and their rivalries, as so often is the case. Instead, it focuses on the political rivalries of deep, long-term cumulative demographic, social and economic change taking place beneath the surface. It looks at changes that are not simply taking place in individual countries of the Middle East, but since the end of the Second World War have affected the entire region and are responsible for the emergence of a Middle East completely different to that to which we were accustomed for many decades.

Caught In The Middle

Caught in the Middle PDF
Author: Johan den Hertog
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9052603707
Size: 15.83 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 175
View: 3078

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The essays in this collection cover not only multiple countries, but also multiple aspects of the concept of neutrality: political, economic, cultural and legal. These case studies have led to a re-evaluation of the notion of neutrality, and the role of neutrals, during the First World War, making this collection of great value to all scholars of neutrality, the history of individual neutral countries, and of the war itself.

Globalization And Geopolitics In The Middle East

Globalization and Geopolitics in the Middle East PDF
Author: Anoushiravan Ehteshami
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134092377
Size: 72.37 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 258
View: 7014

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Examining globalization in the Middle East, this book provides a much needed assessment of the impact of globalization in the ‘greater’ Middle East, including North Africa, in the context of the powerful geopolitical forces at work in shaping the region today. Written by a well-known authority in this area, this book demonstrates that, unlike in other regions, such as East Asia, geopolitics has been a critical factor in driving globalization in the Middle East. The author argues that whereas elsewhere globalisation has opened up the economy, society, culture and attitudes to the environment; in the Middle East it has had the opposite effect, with poor state formation, little interregional trade, foreign and interregional investment, and reassertion of traditional identities. This book explores the impact of globalization on the polities, economies and social environment of the greater Middle East, in the context of the region’s position as the central site of global geopolitical competition at the start of the twenty-first century.

Caught In A Dream

Caught in a Dream PDF
Author: Muhammed Al Da'mi
Publisher: AuthorHouse
ISBN: 1481739379
Size: 49.63 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 202
View: 570

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Caught in a Dream is based on the hypothesis that the Middle East is currently a problematic region in so far as world peace and regional stability are in question. It is problematic intrinsically because it is hooked on an ancestral dream on both the governmental and popular levels. Middle-Eastern medievalism is instrumental for the survival of undemocratic forms of government; and it guaranties a backward public opinion that complements the magic circle of the illusive vision through the demagoguery of the prevailing radical Islamic groups which are now fuelled and maintained by the petrodollar the industrial world provides in return for oil. To verify the above hypothesis, Professor Al Da’mi examines nine demonstrative paradoxes which crystallize the obsessive and blinding medievalism of this `region of paradox’ through discussions of the geographically loose and derogatory denomination of the `Middle East’, the durable residual impact of Ottoman legacy with its issues, the failure of constant and accumulative progress due to intermittent governmental change, the incongruity between state authority and the cultural elite, the toleration of despotism as a result of resilient medieval relationships and social structures, the futility of progressive change attempted by oppositions which carry identical reactionary values, the dilemma of the educational systems, the American involvement in Iraq and the region which stimulated cultural responses of revealing meaning. “An Essay on Mesopotamianism” demonstrates the continuity of the Western approaches to Iraq as a model case of regional significance.

Caught In The Middle

Caught in the Middle PDF
Author: Glora May Wysner
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 35.77 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Arab-Israeli conflict
Languages : en
Pages : 116
View: 3218

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Caught In The Middle

Caught in the Middle PDF
Author: Demetrios G. Papademetriou
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 69.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 340
View: 1324

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In a world with tremendous growth of goods and people flowing across borders, little attention has been paid to the communities through which these goods and people pass and in which people live. Caught in the Middle provides a fascinating look into the inner workings and realities of border communities along five international borders--United States-Canada, United States-Mexico, Germany-Poland, Russia-China, and Russia-Kazakhstan. The volume focuses on innovative cross-border initiatives that contribute unique insights into the daily lives and local perspectives of border communities. Also, it presents a better understanding of the border management issues faced by countries worldwide, as well as of the nature of relationships between federal and local governments, community leaders, government officials, and local communities. By shedding light on existing "best practices" and providing comparative analyses of the challenges and opportunities faced by communities, Caught in the Middle provides valuable lessons for policy makers, governments, and researchers alike.

Dean Acheson

Dean Acheson PDF
Author: Robert Beisner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019538248X
Size: 57.21 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : en
Pages : 800
View: 1373

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Dean Acheson was one of the most influential Secretaries of State in U.S. history, presiding over American foreign policy during a pivotal era - the decade after World War II when the American Century slipped into high gear. During his vastly influential career, Acheson spearheaded the greatest foreign policy achievements in modern times, ranging from the Marshall Plan to the establishment of NATO. Now, in this monumental biography, Robert L. Beisner paints an indelible portrait of one of the key figures of the last half-century. In a book filled with insight based on research in government archives, memoirs, letters, and diaries, Beisner illuminates Acheson's policy-making, describing how he led the state department and managed his relationship with Truman, all to illuminate the vital policies he initiated in his years at State. The book examines Acheson's major triumphs, including the highly underrated achievement of converting West Germany and Japan from mortal enemiesto prized allies, and does not shy away from examining his missteps. But underlying all his actions, Beisner shows, was a tough-minded determination to outmatch the strength of the Soviet bloc - indeed, to defeat the Soviet Union at every turn. The emotional center of the book focuses on Acheson's friendship with Truman. No pair seemed so poorly matched - one, a bourbon-drinking mid-Westerner with a homespun disposition, the other, a mustachioed Connecticut dandy who preferred perfect martinis - yet no such team ever worked better together. Acheson's unstinting dedication to an often unpopular president was reciprocated with deep gratitude and loyalty. Together, they redrew the map of the post-war world. Over six foot tall, with steel blue, "merry, searching eyes" and a "wolfish" grin, Dean Acheson was an unforgettable character - intellectually brilliant, always debonair, and tough as tempered steel. This lustrous portrait of an immensely accomplished and colorful life is the epitome of the biographer's art.

The Origins Of The American Israeli Alliance

The Origins of the American Israeli Alliance PDF
Author: Abraham Ben-Zvi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134129041
Size: 16.19 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 114
View: 6342

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This book demonstrates that the origins of the US-Israeli alliance lay in the former's concern over Egyptian influence in Jordan, contrasting with the widely-held view of the significance of the Six Day War. The American-Israeli Alliance will be of great interest to students of Middle East studies, history, and politics.

The Global Offensive

The Global Offensive PDF
Author: Paul Thomas Chamberlin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199977119
Size: 23.21 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 336
View: 2161

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On March 21, 1968, Yasir Arafat and his guerrillas made the fateful decision to break with conventional guerrilla tactics, choosing to stand and fight an Israeli attack on the al-Karama refugee camp in Jordan. They suffered terrible casualties, but they won a stunning symbolic victory that transformed Arafat into an Arab hero and allowed him to launch a worldwide campaign, one that would reshape Cold War diplomacy and revolutionary movements everywhere. In The Global Offensive, historian Paul Thomas Chamberlin offers new insights into the rise of the Palestine Liberation Organization in its full international context. After defeat in the 1967 war, the crushing of a guerrilla campaign on the West Bank, and the attack on al-Karama, Arafat and his fellow guerilla fighters opened a global offensive aimed at achieving national liberation for the Palestinian people. In doing so, they reinvented themselves as players on the world stage, combining controversial armed attacks, diplomacy, and radical politics. They forged a network of nationalist revolutionaries, making alliances with South African rebels, Latin American insurrectionists, and Vietnamese Communists. They persuaded the United Nations to take up their agenda, and sent Americans and Soviets scrambling as these stateless forces drew new connections across the globe. "The Vietnamese and Palestinian people have much in common," General Vo Nguyen Giap would tell Arafat, "just like two people suffering from the same illness." Richard Nixon's views mirrored Giap's: "You cannot separate what happens to America in Vietnam from the Mideast or from Europe or any place else." Deftly argued and based on extensive new research, The Global Offensive will change the way we think of the history of not only the PLO, but also the Cold War and international relations since.

Warring Friends

Warring Friends PDF
Author: Jeremy Pressman
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801467128
Size: 69.23 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 192
View: 3912

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Allied nations often stop each other from going to war. Some countries even form alliances with the specific intent of restraining another power and thereby preventing war. Furthermore, restraint often becomes an issue in existing alliances as one ally wants to start a war, launch a military intervention, or pursue some other risky military policy while the other ally balks. In Warring Friends, Jeremy Pressman draws on and critiques realist, normative, and institutionalist understandings of how alliance decisions are made. Alliance restraint often has a role to play both in the genesis of alliances and in their continuation. As this book demonstrates, an external power can apply the brakes to an incipient conflict, and even unheeded advice can aid in clarifying national goals. The power differentials between allies in these partnerships are influenced by leadership unity, deception, policy substitutes, and national security priorities. Recent controversy over the complicated relationship between the U.S. and Israeli governments—especially in regard to military and security concerns—is a reminder that the alliance has never been easy or straightforward. Pressman highlights multiple episodes during which the United States attempted to restrain Israel's military policies: Israeli nuclear proliferation during the Kennedy Administration; the 1967 Arab-Israeli War; preventing an Israeli preemptive attack in 1973; a small Israeli operation in Lebanon in 1977; the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982; and Israeli action during the Gulf War of 1991. As Pressman shows, U.S. initiatives were successful only in 1973, 1977, and 1991, and tensions have flared up again recently as a result of Israeli arms sales to China. Pressman also illuminates aspects of the Anglo-American special relationship as revealed in several cases: British nonintervention in Iran in 1951; U.S. nonintervention in Indochina in 1954; U.S. commitments to Taiwan that Britain opposed, 1954-1955; and British intervention and then withdrawal during the Suez War of 1956. These historical examples go far to explain the context within which the Blair administration failed to prevent the U.S. government from pursuing war in Iraq at a time of unprecedented American power.

A Life Caught In A Spider S Web

A life caught in a spider s web PDF
Author: Pavel Stoev
Publisher: PenSoft Publishers LTD
ISBN: 9546425028
Size: 34.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 375
View: 6999

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This issue is dedicated to Dr. Christo Deltshev, the doyen of Bulgarian araneology. It contains seventeen arachnological publications, including a concise biography of Dr. Deltshev, a list of his scientific publications and his described taxa. The volume comprises taxonomic contributions in the spider families Hypochilidae, Sicariidae, Dysderidae, Hersiliidae, Theridiidae, Linyphiidae, Lycosidae, Dictynidae, Gnaphosidae, Sparassidae, Philodromidae and Salticidae and fossil taxa in the harvestmen suborders Dyspnoi and Eupnoi, written by a total of 36 authors. Four new genera and 37 new spider and harvestmen species have been described in this volume, and dozens of new taxonomic alterations (new combinations, new synonyms, new statuses, etc.) are proposed too. Geographically, the papers deal with material originating from Europe, Africa, Asia, North and South America. There is also an overview of the use of barcoding to identify spiders in species-rich genera.