Basic Human Rights And The Humanitarian Crises In Sub Saharan Africa

Basic Human Rights and the Humanitarian Crises in Sub Saharan Africa PDF
Author: Gabriel Andrew Msoka
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1556351003
Size: 55.14 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 200
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For decades, post-independence Africa has been marked by conflicts, violence, and civil wars leading to a displacement of civilian populations and numerous humanitarian crises. For example, the Somali war, the 1994 Rwandan genocide, and the Darfur conflict in Western Sudan illustrate this phenomenon. In these situations, protecting the basic human rights of security, subsistence, the liberties of social participation, and the physical movement of refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs)--particularly women, children, and young people--has been seen as inadequate. This book offers the following: a systematic presentation of the nature and scope of the crises; an evaluative description of the achievements and failures of governments, organizations, and the international community in responding to the crises; a critical analysis of the rationale for such an inadequate response; and a philosophical and theological study of basic human rights that seeks to redress these failures by envisioning an appropriate response and a lasting solution to the conflicts, displacement, and humanitarian crises in Sub-Saharan Africa.

A Macrotheory Of Justice

A Macrotheory of Justice PDF
Author: Gabriel Andrew Msoka
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1608998347
Size: 38.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 142
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For too long a time, the contemporary theories of justice have been focusing on humankind as the sole bearer or claimant of justice and too little importance has been given to nature or the cosmos as the bearer of justice in its own right. Due to this limitation, ecological justice in particular has not been given the priority it deserves in the study of justice. Given the sacred character of nature or cosmos, God has not been considered an integral part of the study of justice, and further, that protecting nature has not been considered an important moral and sacred duty. This study presents a wholesome and all encompassing macro-theory of justice, Umumtulogy, by demonstrating how humankind, God, and nature are inter-related, and how harmony, peace, and abundant life in the world can be the fruit of a three-fold relationship.

Religion And The Politics Of Peace And Conflict

Religion and the Politics of Peace and Conflict PDF
Author: Linda Hogan
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1630878235
Size: 21.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 262
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The connections between religion and violence are complex and multifaceted. From the conflicts in Middle East and the Balkans to those in Southeast Asia and beyond, religion frames and legitimates political violence. Moreover, in international relations since 9/11, religious language and metaphors have acquired a new significance. In this context the emerging consensus appears to be not only that violence is intrinsic to religion, but also that religions incite, legitimate, and intensify political violence. However, such an unambiguous indictment of religions is incomplete in that it fails both to appreciate significant counter examples and to recognize the diversity that exists within religions on the issue of violence, particularly the religious roots of pacifism and the ethics of non-violence. This collection explores aspects of this ambivalence between religion and violence. It focuses on traditions of legitimation and pacifism within the three monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam, and concludes with an examination of this ambivalence as it unfolds in each tradition's engagement with the politics of gender.

Agency Culture And Human Personhood

Agency  Culture  and Human Personhood PDF
Author: Jeanne M. Hoeft
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 163087826X
Size: 17.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 190
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Agency, Culture and Human Personhood uses feminist theories, process and liberation theologies, psychodynamics and the problem of intimate partner violence to develop a pastoral theology of human agency. The turn to cultural context for understanding what makes human beings who they are and do the things they do, raises significant questions about human agency. To what extent is agency, the human capacity to act, self-determined, and to what extent is it determined by external factors? If we conceive of persons with too little agency we negate the possibility for change but too much agency negates the necessity for resistance movements. Hoeft argues that agency arises ambiguously from and is constituted of culture. She suggests that such a conception of agency enables the church to foster in victims, perpetrators, and congregations more resistance to violence and proposes practices of ministry that can do just that. The book will challenge deeply ingrained notions of personal responsibility and one's capacity to choose change, yet offers concrete proposals for a creating a less violent world.

The Sacred Text

The Sacred Text PDF
Author: Ronald F. Satta
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1630878448
Size: 62.50 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 132
View: 1598

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The advances of geologic science, Darwinism, theological liberalism, and higher textual criticism converged in the nineteenth century to present an imposing challenge to biblical authority. The meteoric rise in secular knowledge exerted tremendous pressure on the Protestant theological elite of the time. Their ruminations, conversations, quarrels, and convictions offer penetrating insight into their world--into their perspective on Scripture and authority and how their outlook was challenged, defended, and sometimes changed across time. Moreover, the nineteenth-century imbroglios greatly illuminate a recent controversy over biblical authority. Some influential modern scholars of American religion contend that the doctrine of the inerrancy of the original autographs is a recently contrived theory, a theological aberration decidedly out of concert with mainline orthodoxy since the Reformation. They argue that pressure from biblical critics incited late nineteenth-century Princeton theologians to fabricate the notion as a way to quell criticism against Scripture. American fundamentalists, they insist, unwittingly adopted inerrancy as orthodoxy, being deceived by this innovation. This story has become standard scholarly currency in many quarters. However, The Sacred Text indicates that fundamentalists and conservative Protestants more generally are the standard-bearers of the ascendant theory of biblical authority commonly endorsed among many of the leading Protestant elite in nineteenth-century America.

From The Margins

From the Margins PDF
Author: Christian T. Collins Winn
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1630878324
Size: 76.99 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 458
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Recognized as a leading interpreter of major movements in American Christianity such as Evangelicalism, Pentecostalism, and the Holiness movement, Donald W. Dayton has produced a body of work spanning four decades and diverse areas of inquiry. In From the Margins, friends and colleagues respond to major essays by Dayton (several published here for the first time) so as to celebrate and reflect on this diverse and rich body of work. The essays highlight the breadth of Dayton's contribution while also revealing a methodological core. The latter could be described as Dayton's deconstructive reading of standard scholarly narratives in order to short-circuit their domesticating effects on the more radical aspects of American Christianity. Dayton's work has challenged long-held assumptions about the conservative nature of American Christianity by showing that both in their history and in their deeper theological substructures, traditions such as Evangelicalism and Pentecostalism are far more radical and productive of social change than was previously imagined.

The Ubuntu God

The Ubuntu God PDF
Author: Samuel A. Paul
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1630878200
Size: 35.32 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 194
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In 1948, the Afrikaner Nationalist Government became the ruling party in South Africa and instituted the brutal system known as apartheid. To maintain their power, Afrikaners drew on Christian scripture and traditions to create self-justifying religious narratives that supported their oppressive ideologies, prohibiting inclusion and suppressing pluralism. In time these Afrikaner-Christian narratives began to unravel as counter-narratives within the Christian tradition influenced the Black church to demand equality and democracy. This socio-political and cultural transformation is best understood and interpreted through the vision of ubuntu: a mode of thought in African culture that places a value on humanity in community and shifts the focus from singularity to plurality in South African society. In The Ubuntu God, Samuel A. Paul traces how the dismantling of apartheid led to recognition of the religious other, the recovery of alternate narratives, and the reappearance of ubuntu perspective and practice in the political and public sphere. After the peaceful transition to a democratically elected government, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission created a platform for multiple voices, stories, and religious narratives to be shared in a public political context. This multiplicity of voices resulted, ultimately, in the formation of a new constitution for South Africa that sought to uphold African values of community and inclusion in its institutions. While South Africa's apartheid system and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission are both rooted in the biblical narrative, the former used its theology to enforce an iron rule while the latter combined Christian and African concepts to create a pluralistic and open society. Such a society is characterized by a culture that emphasizes communality and interdependence.

Living Devotions

Living Devotions PDF
Author: Mary Clark Moschella
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 163087843X
Size: 19.81 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 244
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Living Devotions explores how a particular community has creatively negotiated its religious bonds of connection in the context of immigration. These matters cannot be studied in the abstract. Religious practice is not something separate from the economic, cultural, and psychological dimensions of life, but rather something integral, which shapes and is being shaped by all of these other realities. The author examines these dynamics through an ethnographic case study of the living devotions of a group of Italian Catholic immigrants to San Pedro, California. The narrative describes how the group's historical experiences of immigration and fishing find expression in their particular forms of prayer, art, artifacts, and food. The healing and transformative power of these shared religious practices is explored. As contemporary theologians, pastors, and congregations seek to welcome and care for immigrants and other strangers in a shifting social landscape, we need ways to engage in care-full and attentive relationships. The ethnographic method employed here suggests a way to lift up the voices of ordinary people, allowing them to tell their own stories, while piecing together emerging bits of theological wisdom and compelling care practices. While the particular insights of any community are situated and specific, theological reflection in one context can animate a broader discussion of transformative pastoral theology and practice.

Re Imagining African Christologies

Re imagining African Christologies PDF
Author: Victor I. Ezigbo
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1630878030
Size: 52.14 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 356
View: 358

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"Who do you say that I am" (Mark 8:29) is the question of Christology. By asking this question, Jesus invites his followers to interpret him from within their own contexts-history, experience, and social location. Therefore, all responses to Jesus's invitation are contextual. But for too long, many theologians particularly in the West have continued to see Christology as a universal endeavor that is devoid of any contextual influences. This understanding of Christology undermines Jesus's expectations from us to imagine and appropriate him from within our own contexts. In Re-imagining African Christologies, Victor I. Ezigbo presents a constructive exposition of the unique ways that many African theologians and lay Christians from various church denominations have interpreted and appropriated Jesus Christ in their own contexts. He also articulates the constructive contributions that these African Christologies can make to the development of Christological discourse in non-African Christian communities.

Position And Responsibility

Position and Responsibility PDF
Author: Ilsup Ahn
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1630877344
Size: 51.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 258
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What is the moral criterion for those who hold power positions and authority in governments, corporations, and institutions? Ahn answers this question by presenting the concept of the positional imperative. The positional imperative is an executive moral norm for those who hold power positions in political and economic organizations. By critically integrating the Neo-Kantian reconstructionism of Jurgen Habermas with the Neo-Augustinian reconstructionism of Reinhold Niebuhr, through the method of co-reconstruction, Ahn identifies the positional imperative as an executive moral norm embedded in all power positions: Act in such a way not only to abide by laws, but also to come by the approvals of those affected by your positional actions. By uncovering this executive moral norm, Ahn argues that a position holder is not just a professional working for the system, but a moral executive who is willing to take the responsibility of his or her positional actions.

Asylum Seeker And Refugee Protection In Sub Saharan Africa

Asylum Seeker and Refugee Protection in Sub Saharan Africa PDF
Author: Cristiano d'Orsi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317669819
Size: 70.23 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 344
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It is not often acknowledged that the great majority of African refugee movement happens within Africa rather than from Africa to the West. This book examines the specific characteristics and challenges of the refugee situation in Sub-Saharan Africa, offering a new and critical vision on the situation of asylum-seekers and refugees in the African continent. Cristiano d’Orsi considers the international, regional and domestic legal and institutional frameworks linked to refugee protection in Sub-Saharan Africa, and explores the contributions African refugee protection has brought to the cause on a global scale. Key issues covered in the book include the theory and the practice of non-refoulement, an analysis of the phenomenon of mass-influx, the concept of burden-sharing, and the role of freedom fighters. The book goes on to examine the expulsions of refugees and the historical role played by UNHCR in Sub-Saharan Africa. As a work which follows the persecution and legal challenges of those in search of a safe haven, this book will be of great interest and use to researchers and students of immigration and asylum law, international law, human rights, and African studies.

State Failure Sovereignty And Effectiveness

State Failure  Sovereignty And Effectiveness PDF
Author: Gérard Kreijen
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004139656
Size: 27.72 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 386
View: 1086

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This comprehensive study of State failure upholds that the collapse of States in sub-Saharan Africa is a self-inflicted problem caused by the abandonment of the principle of effectiveness during decolonization. On the one hand, the abandonment of effectiveness may have facilitated the recognition of the new African States, but on the other it did lead to the creation of States that were essentially powerless: some of which became utter failures. Written in a style both provocative and unorthodox and using convincing arguments, this study casts doubt on some of the most sacred principles of the modern doctrine of international law. It establishes that the declaratory theory of recognition cannot satisfactorily explain the continuing existence of failed States. It also demonstrates that the principled assertion of the right to self-determination as the basis for independence in Africa has turned the notion of sovereignty into a formal-legal figment without substance. This book is a plea for more realism in international law. Pensive pessimists in the tradition of Hobbes will probably love it. Idealists in the tradition of Grotius may hate it, but they will find it very difficult to reject its conclusions.