140 Days To Hiroshima

140 Days to Hiroshima PDF
Author: David Dean Barrett
Publisher: Diversion Books
ISBN: 1635765803
Size: 18.31 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages :
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On the 75th anniversary of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki comes this heart-pounding account of the war-room drama inside the cabinets of the United States and Japan that led to Armageddon on August 6, 1945. Here are the secret strategy sessions, fierce debates, looming assassinations, and planned invasions that resulted in history’s first use of nuclear weapons in combat, and the ensuing chaotic days as the Japanese government struggled to respond to the reality of nuclear war. During the closing months of World War II, as America’s strategic bombing campaign incinerated Japan’s cities, two military giants locked in a death embrace of cultural differences and diplomatic intransigence. The leaders of the United States called for the “unconditional surrender” of the Japanese Empire while developing history’s deadliest weapon and weighing an invasion, Downfall, that would have dwarfed D-Day. Their enemy responded with a last-ditch plan termed Ketsu-Go, which called for the suicidal resistance of every able-bodied man and woman in “The Decisive Battle” for the homeland. But had Emperor Hirohito’s generals miscalculated how far the Americans had come in developing the atomic bomb? How close did President Harry Truman come to ordering the invasion of Japan? Within the Japanese Supreme Council at the Direction of War, a.k.a. “The Big Six,” Foreign Minister Shigenori Tōgō risked assassination in his crusade to convince his dysfunctional government, dominated by militarist fanatics, to save his country from annihilation. Despite Allied warnings of Japan’s “prompt and utter destruction” and that the Allies would “brook no delay,” the Big Six remained defiant. They refused to surrender even after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. How did Japanese leaders come to this impasse? The answers lie in this nearly day-by-day account of the struggle to end the most destructive conflict in history.

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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: 2304224571
Size: 53.45 MB
Format: PDF
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
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Author: كارل ساجان
Publisher: ktab INC.
ISBN:
Size: 16.76 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : ar
Pages : 540
View: 7587

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يبدأ المؤلف و يقول كان يوما من أيام الخريف صاخبة الرياح من عام 1939 ،وفى ذلك اليوم ، وفى الشوارع الواقعة خارج العمارة السكينة ، كانت أوراق الأشجار المتساقطة تدور في خضم الدوامات الهوائية الصغيرة ، و تتهاوى مع كل منها حياتها ، كان شعورا طيبا أن أكون داخل البيت . مستشعرا الأمان و الدف بينما أمى تعد العشاء فى حجرة مجاورة ولم يكن في شقتنا أطفال أكبر سناً يتصيدون الأخطاء بلا داع

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Author: مارك مانسون
Publisher: Dar Attanweer
ISBN: 6144720197
Size: 27.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Self-Help
Languages : ar
Pages : 272
View: 6508

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ظل يُقال لنا طيلة عشرات السنوات إن التفكير الإيجابي هو المفتاح إلى حياة سعيدة ثرية. لكن مارك مانسون يشتم تلك "الإيجابية" ويقول: " فلنكن صادقين، السيء سيء وعلينا أن نتعايش مع هذا ". لا يتهرّب مانسون من الحقائق ولا يغلفها بالسكّر، بل يقولها لنا كما هي: جرعة من الحقيقة الفجِّة الصادقة المنعشة هي ما ينقصنا اليوم. هذا الكتاب ترياق للذهنية التي نهدهد أنفسنا بها، ذهنية " فلنعمل على أن يكون لدينا كلنا شعور طيب " التي غزت المجتمع المعاصر فأفسدت جيلًا بأسره صار ينال ميداليات ذهبية لمجرد الحضور إلى المدرسة. ينصحنا مانسون بأن نعرف حدود إمكاناتنا وأن نتقبلها. وأن ندرك مخاوفنا ونواقصنا وما لسنا واثقين منه، وأن نكفّ عن التهرب والفرار من ذلك كله ونبدأ مواجهة الحقائق الموجعة، حتى نصير قادرين على العثور على ما نبحث عنه من جرأة ومثابرة وصدق ومسؤولية وتسامح وحب للمعرفة. لا يستطيع كل شخص أن يكون متميزًا متفوقًا. ففي المجتمع ناجحين وفاشلين؛ وقسم من هذا الواقع ليس عادلًا وليس نتيجة غلطتك أنت. وصحيح أن المال شيء حسن، لكن اهتمامك بما تفعله بحياتك أحسن كثيرًا؛ فالتجربة هي الثروة الحقيقية.

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Author: أوباما، باراك
Publisher: Kalimat
ISBN:
Size: 21.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : African Americans
Languages : ar
Pages : 505
View: 1329

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Author: Rod Campbell
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781844441686
Size: 33.22 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Arabic language
Languages : en
Pages : 16
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Children's Fiction

Al Quran Whole Quran

Al Quran whole Quran  PDF
Author: abdur mohammed
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781723017025
Size: 50.28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 570
View: 3106

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The Quran kor AHN Arabic al-Quran, literally meaning "the recitation" also romanized Quran or Koran is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God. It is widely regarded as the finest work in classical Arabic literature. The Quran is divided into chapters, which are then divided into verses. Muslims believe that the Quran was verbally revealed by God to Muhammad through the angel Gabriel Jibril, gradually over a period of approximately 23 years, beginning on 22 December 609 CE, when Muhammad was 40, and concluding in 632, the year of his death. Muslims regard the Quran as the most important miracle of Muhammad, a proof of his prophethood, and the culmination of a series of divine messages that started with the messages revealed to Adam and ended with Muhammad. The word "Quran" occurs some 70 times in the text of the Quran, although different names and words are also said to be references to the Quran. According to the traditional narrative, several companions of Muhammad served as scribes and were responsible for writing down the revelations. Shortly after Muhammad's death, the Quran was compiled by his companions who wrote down and memorized parts of it. These codices had differences that motivated the Caliph Uthman to establish a standard version now known as Uthman's codex, which is generally considered the archetype of the Quran known today. There are, however, variant readings, with mostly minor differences in meaning. The Quran assumes familiarity with major narratives recounted in the Biblical scriptures. It summarizes some, dwells at length on others and, in some cases, presents alternative accounts and interpretations of events. The Quran describes itself as a book of guidance for mankind 2:185. It sometimes offers detailed accounts of specific historical events, and it often emphasizes the moral significance of an event over its narrative sequence. Hadith are additional oral and written traditions supplementing the Quran; from careful authentication they are believed to describe words and actions of Muhammad, and in some traditions also those closest to him. In most denominations of Islam, the Quran is used together with hadith to interpret sharia (Islamic) law; in a small number of denominations, only the Quran is used as a source. During prayers, the Quran is recited only in Arabic. Someone who has memorized the entire Quran is called a hafiz. Quranic verse (ayah) is sometimes recited with a special kind of elocution reserved for this purpose, called tajwid. During the month of Ramadan, Muslims typically complete the recitation of the whole Quran during tarawih prayers. In order to extrapolate the meaning of a particular Quranic verse, most Muslims rely on exegesis, or tafsir.

From Hiroshima To The Iceman

From Hiroshima to the Iceman PDF
Author: Harry Edmund Gove
Publisher: Inst of Physics Pub Incorporated
ISBN:
Size: 56.65 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 226
View: 6472

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A fascinating account of the development of accelerator mass spectrometry, the instrumentation involved and its applications in areas including the cleanup and storage of nuclear waste, the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, biomedical research, the first peopling of the Americas and the carbon dating of precious artifacts including the Turin Shroud, the Iceman, the elephant bird egg and the Dead Sea Scrolls.

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Author: سويف، اهدف
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789770920459
Size: 42.19 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Egypt
Languages : en
Pages : 703
View: 6023

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Novel.

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Author: ʻĀliyah Mamdūḥ
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 32.79 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Arabic fiction
Languages : ar
Pages : 285
View: 616

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Novel.

Hiroshima

Hiroshima PDF
Author: Andrew J. Rotter
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 019157791X
Size: 24.75 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 384
View: 4025

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The US decision to drop an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima on 6 August 1945 remains one of the most controversial events of the twentieth century. However, the controversy over the rights and wrongs of dropping the bomb has tended to obscure a number of fundamental and sobering truths about the development of this fearsome weapon. The principle of killing thousands of enemy civilians from the air was already well established by 1945 and had been practised on numerous occasions by both sides during the Second World War. Moreover, the bomb dropped on Hiroshima was conceived and built by an international community of scientists, not just by the Americans. Other nations (including Japan and Germany) were also developing atomic bombs in the first half of the 1940s, albeit hapharzardly. Indeed, it is difficult to imagine any combatant nation foregoing the use of the bomb during the war had it been able to obtain one. The international team of scientists organized by the Americans just got there first. As this fascinating new history shows, the bomb dropped by a US pilot that hot August morning in 1945 was in many ways the world's offspring, in both a technological and a moral sense. And it was the world that would have to face its consequences, strategically, diplomatically, and culturally, in the years ahead.

Relative Radiation Sensitivities Of Human Organ Systems

Relative Radiation Sensitivities of Human Organ Systems PDF
Author: John T. Lett
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483215687
Size: 21.74 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 306
View: 1674

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Advances in Radiation Biology, Volume 12: Relative Radiation Sensitivities of Human Organ Systems covers articles on the response of selected human organ and tissue systems to exposure to ionizing radiation. The book presents articles on the relative radiosensitivities of the thymus, spleen, lymphohemopoietic systems, small and large intestines, oral cavity, larynx, pharynx, and esophagus. The text also includes articles on the relative radiation sensitivity of the integumentary system, as well as the relative radiosensitivity of the human lung and fetal tissues. The tolerance of the central and peripheral nervous system to therapeutic irradiation is also encompassed. Radiation biologists, oncologists, physicians, pediatricians, and medical students will find the book useful.